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Sura Quraysh

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Sura Quraysh
al-Fil← →al-Ma'un
سوره قریش.jpg
Sura Number 106
Juz' 30
Revelation
Revelation Number 29
Makki/Madani Makki
Information
Verse Count 4
Word Count 17
Letter Count 76
This article is an introduction to the Sura Quraysh; to read its text see text:Sura Quraysh.

Sūra Quraysh (Arabic: سورة قريش) or Sūra al-Īlāf (Arabic: سورة الإیلاف) is 106th sura of the Qur'an. It is a Makki sura located in juz' thirty. This sura is called "Quraysh" or "Ilaf" because it speaks about the solidarity among Quraysh.

It mentions the blessings of God for Quraysh and their duties toward those blessings. It is narrated from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura Quraysh, God will reward him ten times more than the number of those who circumambulate the Ka'ba and those who stay in Masjid al-Haram .

Introduction

  • Naming

This sura is called Quraysh or Ilaf because it speaks about the solidarity among Quraysh ["li-ilaf Quraysh"].[1]

  • Place and Order of Revelation

Sura Quraysh is a Makki sura and is twenty nineth sura in the order of revelation. It is 106th sura in the Qur'an[2] located in juz' thirty.

  • Number of Verses and Words

Sura Quraysh has four verses, seventeen words and seventy six letters. It is among short suras of the Qur'an.[3]

Content

Form the beginning to the end, Sura Quraysh speaks about Quraysh, God's blessings for them and their duties toward those blessings. There, God advises that the base of this solidarity should be worshipping God, the Owner of the Ka'ba, Who satiated their hunger and bestowed upon them well-being, security and tranquility.[4]

Content of Sura Quraysh[5]
 
 
 
 
Inviting to the servitude of God as a gratitude for social blessings
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First issue: verses 1-2
God's social blessings for Quraysh
 
Second issue: verse 3
Point of Quraysh toward the blessing of God
 
Third issue: verse 4
Fruits of God's blessing for Quraysh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Solidarity and survival of Quraysh especially in commercial journeys
 
Worshipping and servitude for God of the Ka'ba, not for false gods
 
First result: verse 4
Being released of financial pressure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Second result: verse 4
Being secure from the attacks of enemies

Suras al-Fil and Quraysh as One Sura

Exegetes believe that Suras Qur'an 105 (Sura al-Fil) and Quraysh are one sura, due to the connections between their contents. Thus, if someone chooses Sura Quraysh to recite after Qur'an 1 (Sura al-Fatiha) in prayer, one needs to recite Sura al-Fil as well because it is obligatory to recite one complete sura after Sura al-Fatiha.[6]

Merits and Benefits

It is narrated from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura Quraysh, God will reward him ten times more than the number of those who circumambulate the Ka'ba and those who stay in al-Masjid al-Haram.[7]

According to a hadith from Imam al-Sadiq (a), the fruit of reciting Sura Quraysh frequently is that on the Day of Judgment, God will resurrect the person to ride a conveyance from the Paradise so that he sits at tables of light.[8]

In some hadiths, certain benefits are mentioned for reciting this sura such as healing food poisoning and heart diseases.[9]


See also

Notes

  1. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1268.
  2. Maʿrifat, Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān, vol. 1, p. 166.
  3. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1268.
  4. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1268-1269.
  5. Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
  6. Makārim Shīrāzī, Barguzīda-yi tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 5, p. 599.
  7. Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 10, p. 441.
  8. Ṣadūq, Thawāb al-aʿmāl, p. 126.
  9. Baḥrānī, Al-Burhān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān, vol. 5, p. 759.

References

  • Baḥrānī, Sayyid Hāshim b. Sulaymān. Al-Burhān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Qom: Bunyād-i Biʿthat, 1416 AH.
  • Khurramshāhī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn. Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī. Tehran: Dūstān-Nāhīd, 1377 Sh.
  • Makārim Shīrāzī, Nāṣir. Barguzīda-yi tafsīr-i nimūna. Edited by Aḥmad ʿAlī Bābāyī. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1382 Sh.
  • Maʿrifat, Muḥammad Hādī. Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān. [n.p]: Markaz Chāp wa Nashr-i Sāzmān-i Tablīghāt, 1371 Sh.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Thawāb al-aʿmāl wa ʿiqāb al-aʿmāl. Edited by Ṣādiq Ḥasanzāda. Tehran: Armaghān-i Ṭūbā, 1382 Sh.
  • Ṭabrisī, Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-. Majmaʿ al-bayān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Translated to Farsi by Bīstūnī. Mashhad: Āstān-i Quds-i Raḍawī, 1390 Sh.