Sūra Quraysh (Arabic: سورة قريش) or Sūra Īlāf (Arabic: سورة إیلاف) is 106th sura of the Qur'an. It is a Makki sura located in juz' 30. This sura is called Quraysh or Ilaf because it speaks about the solidarity among Quraysh. It mentions the blessings of God for Quraysh and their duties toward those blessings. It is narrated from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites sura Quraysh, God will reward him ten times more than the number of those who circumambulate the Ka'aba and those who stay in Masjid al-Haram .
This sura is called Quraysh or Ilaf because it speaks about the solidarity among Quraysh ["li-ilaf Quraysh"].
Place and Order of Revelation
Sura Quraysh is a Makki sura and is 29th sura in the order of revelation. It is 106th sura in the Qur'an located in juz' 30.
Number of Verses and Words
Sura Quraysh has 4 verses, 17 words and 76 letters. It is among short suras of the Qur'an.
Form the beginning to the end, sura Quraysh speaks about Quraysh, God's blessings for them and their duties toward those blessings. There, God advises that the base of this solidarity should be worshipping God, the Owner of the Kaaba, Who satiated their hunger and bestowed upon them well-being, security and tranquility.
- Content: Inviting to the servitude of God as a gratitude for social blessings
- God's social blessings for Quraysh
Solidarity and survival of Quraysh especially in commercial journeys
- Point of Quraysh toward the blessing of God
Worshipping and servitude for God of the Kaaba, not for false gods
- Fruits of God's blessing for Quraysh
Being released of financial pressure Being secure from the attacks of enemies
Suras al-Fil and Quraysh as One Sura
Exegetes believe that Suras al-Fil and Quraysh are one sura, due to the connections between their contents. Thus, if someone chooses sura Quraysh to recite after sura al-Fatiha, he needs to recite sura al-Fil as well because it is obligatory to recite one complete sura after sura al-Fatiha.
Merits and Benefits
It is narrated from the Prophet (a) that whoever recites sura Quraysh, God will reward him ten times more than the number of those who circumambulate the Kaaba and those who stay in Masjid al-Haram.
According to a hadith from Imam al-Sadiq (a), the fruit of reciting sura Quraysh frequently is that on the Judgment Day, God will resurrect the person to ride a conveyance from the paradise so that he sits at tables of light.
In some hadiths, certain benefits are mentioned for reciting this sura such as healing food poisoning and heart diseases.