Sūra al-Fātiḥa (Arabic: سورة الفاتحه) or Sūra al-Ḥamd (سورة الحمد) is the first sura of the Qur'an, which is known as Umm al-Kitāb (the Mother of the Book). It is a Makki Sura in the first juz' of the Qur'an. It counts as one of the Qisar Suras. According to hadiths, in spite of its shortness, "Sura al-Hamd" contains great meanings and counts as the base of the Qur'an. The Sura must be recited in obligatory and recommended prayers, and its main themes are monotheism and the praise of God.
It is said that one of the virtues of the Sura is that its revelation has prevented the descent of divine punishment on the Islamic nation. It is recommended to recite Sura al-Hamd after obligatory prayers, for a patient, and when laying a corpse in the grave.