Sūra al-Ḥāqqa (Arabic: سُورَة الحاقَّة) is the 69th Quranic sura and a Makki sura of the Qur'an. Since the word, "al-Hāqqa", has occurred three times in its first three verses, it came to be called "Sura al-Haqqa". "Al-haqqa" in these verses refers to the Day of Resurrection. The sura is mainly concerned with the resurrection and its characterization, its inevitable occurrence, and the fate of people who denied it. Well-known verses of this sura include the verses 44-46 according to which if the Prophet (s) untruthfully attributes a saying to God, God will avenge and cut his aorta. According to some hadiths, if a person recites Sura al-Haqqa, God will ease the evaluation of his actions on the Day of Judgment, and the recitation of this sura in obligatory daily prayers as well as nafilas (recommended prayers) is an effect of the belief in God and the Prophet (s).
The three first verses of the Sura are about "al-Haqqa", and this is why it came to be called "Sura al-Haqqa". "Al-haqqa" refers to the Day of Resurrection. The Arabic word, "ḥāqqa", is derived from the word, "ḥaqq" (the truth). It literally means what is inevitable, predestined, and real.
Order and Place of Revelation
Number of the Verses and Other Features
Sura al-Haqqa has 52 verses, 261 words, and 1133 letters. It counts as one of the mufassalat chapters of the Qur'an (the ones with numerous and short verses).
The main topic of Sura al-Haqqa is the resurrection. The central topics of the sura are a cursory mention of past people who denied the resurrection, particularly the people of 'Ad, those of Thamud, and the Pharaoh; the situation on the Day of Resurrection and the division of people into Companions of the Right (Ashab al-Yamin) and Companions of the Left (Ashab al-Shimal) who are, respectively, happy and miserable; endorsement of Quranic remarks and the greatness of the Qur'an.
Receptive Ears of 'Ali (a)
According to a hadith, when the verse 12 of Sura al-Haqqa was revealed,
|“||We might make it a reminder for you, and that receptive ears might remember it.||”|
|— Qur'an 69:12|
the Prophet (s) told Imam 'Ali (a): "this refers to your ears". There is also a hadith from Imam 'Ali (a) in which he said: "I am the receptive ear." Some Sunni exegetes of the Qur'an have also taken the verse to be concerned with Imam 'Ali (a).
Also, many books of exegesis and hadiths have quoted a hadith according to which the Prophet (s) said after the revelation of this verse: "I have asked God to make 'Ali's ears such conscious and capacious ears". Imam 'Ali (a) is quoted as saying: "after this, I never forgot anything that I heard from the Prophet. I always remembered everything he said".
Infallibility of the Prophet (s) in Transmission of Revelation
|“||Had he faked any sayings in Our name, (44) We would have surely seized him by the right hand (45) and then cut off his aorta,||”|
|— Qur'an 69:44-46|
These verses warn that if the Prophet (s) untruthfully attributes anything to God, God will avenge. What these verses mean is that it is impossible for the Messenger of God to make up any false sayings. Thus, the Prophet (s) is truthful in what he says, and what he says is, indeed, the divine saying. According to a hadith cited in Tafsir al-burhan, when the Prophet (s) said: "of whomsoever I have been the master (the mawla), 'Ali here is to be his master" (Hadith al-Ghadir), someone said that this is not what God said and so, the Prophet (s) has untruthfully attributed a saying to God. The above verses were revealed to the Prophet (s) at this time.
Virtues and Features
The Prophet (s) said in a hadith: if a person recites Sura al-Haqqa, God will make the evaluation of his actions easy. There is a hadith from Imam al-Baqir (a) in which he says: "try to frequently recite Sura al-Haqqa, because its recitation in obligatory daily prayers and nafilas is an effect of the belief in God and the Prophet (s), since the sura is revealed about Imam 'Ali (a) and Mu'awiya. If a person recites the sura until he meets God, his faith will be protected". Some hadiths have recommended the recitation of this sura for pregnant women in order to protect what is inside them (against dangers), as well as for helping a baby become smarter (by writing the sura and washing it with water and then having the infant drink the water).
|For the full text, see text:Sura al-Haqqa.|
- Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from سوره حاقه in Farsi WikiShia.