Sa'id b. Hibat Allah al-Rawandi
Tomb of Qutb al-Din al-Rawandi in the Shrine of Lady Fatima al-Ma'suma (a)
|Professors||Al-Fadl b. al-Hasan al-Tabrisi, 'Imad al-Din al-Tabari, ...|
|Students||Ibn Shahrashub, Muntajab al-Din al-Razi, ...|
|Works||Al-Khara'j wa l-jara'ih, Tahafut al-falasifa, Minhaj al-bara'a fi sharh nahj al-balagha, ...|
Quṭb al-Dīn Abū l-Ḥusayn Saʿīd b. ʿAbd Allah b. Ḥusayn b. Hibat Allah al-Rāwandī al-Kāshānī, (Arabic: قطبالدين ابوالحسين سعيد بن عبدالله بن حسين بن هبةالله الراوندي الکاشاني) (d. 573/1177) known as al-Qutb al-Rawandi, a hadith scholar, commentator, theologian, faqih, philosopher and a great Shi'a historian in the 6th/12th century, and was al-Shaykh al-Tabrisi's student. He has a lot of works, but al-Khara'j wa al-jara'ih is the most prominent.
According to al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Amin he has three sons:
Initially he was taught by his father and his grandfather and then set off for Qom. According to Afandi l-Isfahani, he received and narrated some hadiths from hadith authorities in Isfahan, Khurasan, and Hamadan.
In the View of Scholars
Allama Amini stated about him: al-Rawandi is one of the heads of Shi'a scholars, chosen of the sect, one of the fiqh and hadith masters, and an intelligent man in knowledge and literature. No fault is seen in his plenty of works, his honors, his efforts and religious works, his good deeds, and great books.
- Al-Fadl b. al-Hasan al-Tabrisi, the author of Majma' al-bayan
- 'Imad al-Din al-Tabari, the author of Bisharat al-Mustafa
- Safi al-Din Murtada b. Da'i al-Razi, the author of Tabsarat al-'awam
- Shaykh Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. 'Ali al-Halabi
- Muhammad b. al-Hasan, the father of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi
- Muhammad b. Isma'il al-Mashhadi
- Abu l-Hasan Muhammad b. 'Ali al-Tamimi al-Nishaburi
- Abd al-Rahim b. Ahmad al-Shaybani
- Abu Nasr al-Ghazi
- Abu Samsam Dhu l-Fiqar b. Muhammad b. Ma'bad al-Husayni
- Abu Ja'far b. Kumih
- Abu Samsam Ahmad b. Muhammad 'Ali al-Marashki
- Abu Sa'id al-Hasan b. 'Ali al-Larabadi
- Abu l-Qasim al-Hasan b. Muhammad al-Hadiqi
- Rashid al-Din Muhammad b. 'Ali, well-known as Ibn Shahrashub, his most prominent student
- Muntajab al-Din al-Razi
- Nasir al-Din al-Husayn b. Sa'id al-Rawandi, his son
- Zahir al-Din Muhammad b. Sa'id al-Rawandi, another son of his
- Qadi Jamal al-Din 'Ali b. 'Abd al-Jabbar al-Tusi
- Qadi Ahmad b. 'Ali b. 'Abd al-Jabbar al-Tusi
- Faqih 'Ali b. Muhammad al-Mada'ini
- Faqih 'Izz al-Din Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-'Alawi al-Baghdadi
- Ziyn al-Din Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Hamid b. Muhammad al-Da'widar
His works are said to include 60 books and treatises. Some of his works in different fields of knowledge are:
- Umm al-Qur'an
- Tafsir al-Qur'an in two volume
- Khulasat al-tafasir in ten volumes
- Sharh ayat al-mushkila fi l-tanzih
- Al-Lubab fi fadl ayat al-kursi
- Al-Nasikh wa l-mansukh min al-qur'an
Kalam and Philosophy
- Al-khara'j wa al-jara'ih. His the most prominent book which revolves around the issue of miracle and the Prophet's lifestyle.
- Al-Ikhtilafat. This book embraces all the different opinions of al-Shaykh al-Mufid and al-Sharif al-Murtada and 95 controversial matters are appraised in it.
- Tahafut al-falasifa. This book is written about philosophy and self-contradictions of philosophers.
- Jawahir al-kalam fi sharh muqaddamatu l-kalam. It is a commentary of Muqaddamat al-kalam written by al-Shaykh al-Tusi about Kalam.
- Ayat al-ahkam
- Ahkam al-ahkam
- Al-injaz. A commentary on the book al-Ijaz fi l-fara'id written by Shaykh al-Tusi
- Hal al-maq'ud fi l-jamal wa l-'uqud
- Al-shafiya fi l-ghuslat al-thaniya
- Man hazrahu l-'ada' wa 'alayhi l-qada'
- Risalat al-fuqaha'
- Mushkilat al-nahayat
- Al-muntaha fi sharh al-nahayat. It is a commentary on al-Nahaya by Shaykh al-Tusi and has been published in 10 volumes.
- Al-niyyat fi jami' al-'ibadat
- Nahyat al-nahaya
- Fiqh al-Qur'an
- Tuhfat al-'ilal about supplication and its formalities and some hadiths about diseases and misfortunes.
- Risala fi sihhat ahadith ashabuna. Its subject is about the authenticity of the hadiths narrated by Shi'a scholars.
- Sharh al-kalamat al-mi'a includes the explanation of 100 words from Imam Ali (a).
- Ziya' al-shahab. A commentary on the book Shahab al-akhbar written by Qadi Quda'i. Afandi al-Isfahani has implied through this book that Rawandi must have an inclination towards tasawwuf, since he has quoted the words of sufis. Afandi's opinion is not capable of being verified, for Qutb is narrating the Prophet's Hadiths; moreover, some have suggest that Qadi Quda'i was Shi'a.
- Jana l-jannatayn about the history of the descendants of Imam al-Hadi (a) and Imam al-'Askari (a)
- Qisas al-anbiya'
Poetry and Literature
- Al-Taqrib fi l-ta'rib
- Al-I'rab fi l-a'rab
- Sharh al-awamil al-mi'a including 100 factors in Nahw
- Nafthat al-masdur, the poets of Qutb Rawandi
Death and Death Place
He passed away at 573/1177. His corpse was buried in the Shrine of Lady Ma'suma (a). Currently, his tomb, which was constructed by order of Ayatollah Mar'ashi Najafi, can be easily observed by every pilgrim passing the Atabaki (Imam Reda (a)) courtyard (sahn).
Ayatollah Araki narrates:
- "Akhund Muhammad Hasan Jalali narrated that his master Shaykh Muhammad Husayn stated: when the minister was repairing the holy courtyard (circa the time of Constitutional Revolution of Iran in 1905), a gravel hole was seen to al-Qutb al-Rawandi's tomb and I witnessed that his knees had not decomposed."
Ayatullah Araki continues:
"I had heard this before. It was very common and repetitive among the people of Qom that al-Rawandi's corpse is still fresh."
- A'yan al-Shi'a, Vol. 7, P. 239
- A'yan al-Shi'a, Vol. 7, P. 239.
- A'yan al-Shi'a, Vol. 7, P. 240
- Riyad al-ulama' , Vol. 2, P. 425
- Al-Ghadir, Vol.5, P.379.
- Rawdat al-jannat, Vol. 4, P. 6,7.
- Riyadul ulama' , Vol. 2, P. 419.
- Al-Kuna wa l-alqab, Vol. 3, P. 72.
- Lisan al-mizan, Vol. 3, P. 48.
- Rawdat al-jannat, Vol. 4, P. 7
- Sharh nahj al-balagha, Vol.1, P. 5.
- Riyadul ulama', Vol. 2, P. 421.
- Bihar al-anwar, Vol.105, P. 135.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from قطب راوندی in Farsi Wikishia.
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- Amin, Muhsin, A'yan al-Shi'a. Beirut: Dar al-Ta'aruf
- Amini, 'Abdul Husain, al-Ghadir. Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-'Arabi
- 'Asqalani, Ibn Hajar, Lisan al-mizan. Beirut: Al-A'lami, 1390
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