Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi
|Place of Birth||Najaf|
|Death||Rajab 26, 1433/June 16, 2012|
|Professors||Ayatollah al-Khu'i, Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim and etc.|
|Works||Hayat al-Imam al-Husayn (a), Hayat al-Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a) (book), al-Nizam al-siyasi fi l-Islam, al-Nizam al-ijtima'i fi l-Islam, al-'Amal wa huquq al-'amil fi l-Islam , Fi anzimat al-hukm wa l-idara,|
Bāqir Sharīf al-Qarashī (Arabic: باقر شريف القرشي) is a Shiite researcher, historian, and author from Iraq who died in 1433/2012 in Najaf. He attended the advanced courses of Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-Khu'i for about twenty years. Al-Qarashi wrote numerous works, including a collection of books concerning life histories of the Imams of the Shia. Because of the ruling system in Iraq, some of his writings and essays have a political and social flavor to them. Al-Qarashi frequently visited Iran, and he won the fifth yearbook of wilaya in 2003.
Birth and Lineage
Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi was born in 1344/1925-26 in Najaf. His father, Shaykh Sharif, was a scholar in Najaf, and his grandfather was Shaykh Mahdi al-Qarashi. Qarsh or Qarash was a well-known family in Najaf. He was from Shams area in Kut, from a tribe from Ja'afira. People who go to Najaf from these regions were called "Qarashi."
Shaykh Baqir Sharif and his brother, Shaykh Hadi al-Qarashi, studied preliminaries, Arabic syntax and ibn Malik's Alfiyya with Shaykh Husayn Khalifa Ihsa'i, and then they attended the lectures of Shaykh Muhammad 'Ali Damishqi. They then studied Mukhtasar al-bayan with Shaykh 'Abbas Muzaffar, principles of jurisprudence with Shaykh Bashir al-'Amili, and al-Lumu'a with Sayyid Musa al-Ba'aj. After then, Shaykh Baqir studied Fara'id al-usul with Sayyid Mahmud al-Mar'ashi and Kifayat al-usul with Shaykh Muhammad Tahir Al Shaykh Radi. According to al-Qarashi, he attended advanced lectures of Ayatollah al-Khu'i for twenty years, and his notes from Ayatollah al-Khu'i's lectures are preserved in the Library of al-Imam al-Hasan.
Scholarly and Political Activities
According to Baqir Sharif himself, during the government of Abd al-Karim Qasim, communist thoughts were being propagated, as proponents of communism held seminars and conferences. Thus, he and other scholars and seminary students held speeches, circulated statements, and wrote books such as al-Nizam al-siyasi fi l-Islam (the political system in Islam), al-Nizam al-ijtima'i fi l-Islam (the social system in Islam), al-'Amal wa huquq al-'amil fi l-Islam (action and the rights of the agent in Islam), Fi anzimat al-hukm wa l-idara (on organizations of ruling and administration), which were welcomed by people, some were translated into English, and are not taught in some academic centers.
In that period where there was heavy censorship imposed on publishers, he decided to leave Iraq and migrate to a country where he could continue his political, scholarly, and cultural activities.
Foundation of a Library
In 1414/1993, Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi and his brother Shaykh Hadi Sharif al-Qarashi founded a library under al-Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba in Najaf.
- Main article: List of Works by Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi
Sharif al-Qarashi wrote many works concerning different issues, including a collection of life histories of the Imams of the Shia under "Hayat al-Imam …"
Relationships with Imam Khomeini
According to Sharif al-Qarashi, during his exile in Iraq when Imam Khomeini was about to leave Iraq, he heard that Sharif was about to publish a book concerning the political system in Islam, and thus, he sent some money to help publish the book. When Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi heard the news of the victory of the Islamic Revolution of Iran, he prayed and thanked God in the Shrine of Amir al-Mu'minin.
In the ceremonies of Wilaya Yearbook in 2003, Shaykh Baqir al-Qarashi was selected as the best author, and was given the prize of the fifth term of Wilaya Yearbook for his lifetime devotion to research concerning the religion and Ahl al-Bayt (a). Moreover, when Saddam's government fell in 2004, he entered Iran, where he was honored by scholarly figures and seminary institutes in Qom.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from باقر شریف قرشی in Farsi WikiShia.