Ibn Shahrashub

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Personal Information
Full Name Muhammad b. 'Ali b. Shahrashub
Kunya Abu 'Abd Allah
Epithet Rashid al-Din, 'Izz al-Din
Well-Known As Ibn Shahrashub
Religious Affiliation Twelver Shi'a
Birth 488/1095 or 489/1096
Place of Birth Sari
Residence Baghdad, Hillah, Aleppo
Death Sha'ban 22, 588/September 9, 1192
Burial Place Aleppo
Scholarly Information
Professors Al-Fattal al-Nishaburi, Al-Shaykh al-Tabrisi, ...
Students Ibn Zuhra, Yahya b. Bitriq, ...
Works 'Mutashabih al-Qur'an wa mukhtalifuhu, Manaqib Al Abi Talib, Ma'alim al-'ulama', Mathalib al-nawasib, ...

Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. ʿAlī b. Shahrāshūb al-Sarawī al-Māzandarānī (Arabic: ابو عبدالله محمّد بن علي ابن شهراشوب السَرَوي المازندراني) (b. 488/1095 - d. 588/1192) known as Ibn Shahrāshūb (Arabic: إبن شهرآشوب) and nicknamed as "Rashid al-Din" and "'Izz al-Din" was among Shi'a scholars in fiqh and hadith living in 6th/12th century. He wrote many works such as al-Manaqib and Ma'alim al-'ulama'.

Birth and Origin

Ibn Sharashub was born in 488/1095 or 489/1096. Some believe that he was originally from Sari, Mazandaran Province of Iran. However, some have said that he was born in Baghdad.

Travels

It is recorded that he argued with the ruler of Mazandaran and moved to Baghdad and began teaching and preaching there and became so popular that the caliph of his time gifted precious clothes to him.

After a period of staying in Baghdad, he moved to Hillah in 567/1172 and began teaching there. Ibn Idris al-Hilli and Ibn Bitriq learned hadiths from him while accompanying him in his travel to Hillah.

In 573/1178, Ibn Shahrashub went to Aleppo which was the refuge of Shi'a and Hamdanids. He stayed there until the end of his life.

Teachers

Students

Manaqib Al Abi Talib written by Ibn Shahrshub
  • Al-Sayyid Muhammad b. Zuhra al-Halabi, known as Ibn Zuhra
  • Shaykh al-Din Abu l-Hasan 'Ali b. Sha'ra al-Hilli
  • Yahya b. Bitriq
  • Tarij al-Din al-Darbi
  • Al-Shaykh Yahya al-Surawi
  • Yahya b. Abi al-Halabi
  • Al-Sayyid Kamal al-Din Haydar al-Husayni

Works

In Scholars' Quotations

About Ibn Shahrashub, al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili wrote, "he was a reliable scholar in hadith, rijal and literature, a poet and a collection of all good attributes."[1]

About him, Mirza Husayn Nuri says, "[He is] the honor of Shi'a, crown of religion, best of pioneers and a stormy deep sea with no bottom, the reviver of the works of virtue and merit, fruit of the nation and the religion, sun of Islam and Muslims, Ibn Shahrashub, the jurisprudent, hadith scholar, researcher, …"

Tafrishi wrote, "Muhammad b. 'Ali b. Shahrashub, the leader of Shi'a and their jurisprudent, was an eloquent poet and a writer."[2]

Salah al-Din al-Safdi, a Sunni scholar, wrote, "Muhammad b. 'Ali b. Shahrashub …is one of the noble men of Shi'a. He memorized the Qur'an at the age of eight and reached the ultimate degree of knowledge in Usul. When al-Muqtafi, the Abbasid caliph was in Baghdad, Ibn Shahrashub excelled others in Quranic sciences, difficult issues of hadith studies, lexical knowledge, language syntax and giving speech on the pulpit."[3]

Demise

Ibn Shahrashub passed away in Aleppo in the eve of Friday 22nd of Sha'ban 588/9th of September 1192 and was buried on the top of the mountain called Jabal al-Jawshan. Shi'a of Aleppo believe that it is the burial place of Muhsin al-Siqt, son of Imam al-Husayn (a) (Mashhad al-Siqt).

Notes

  1. Al-Hurr al-Amili, Vol.2, P.285
  2. Tafrishi, Vol.4, P.276
  3. Sadr, P.272

References

  • 'Amili, al-Hurr al-. Amal al-amil. Tehran: Dar al-Kutub al-Islamiyya, 1362 Sh.
  • Sadr, Sayyid Hasan al-. Ta'sis al-Shi'a. Tehran: Mu'assisa A'lami, 1369 Sh.
  • Tafrishi, Mustafa b. Husayn. Naqd al-rijal. Qum: Al al-Bayt, 1418 AH;