Priority: aa, Quality: b

Battle of Siffin

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Siffin
Siffin location.jpg
Date Safar of 37/July 657
Location Siffin
Result Hakamiyya
Cause Mu'awiya's denial of pledging allegiance with Imam 'Ali (a)
Belligerents
Imam 'Ali's army Syria army
Commanders
Imam 'Ali (a)
Malik al-Ashtar
Mu'awiya
'Amr b. 'As
Casualties
Martyrdom of 25000 45000

The Battle of Șiffīn (Arabic: معركة صفين) was a battle between Imam Ali (a) and Mu'awiya b. Abi Sufyan occurred in Safar of 37/July 657 in an area called Siffin. Mu'awiya and his army later came to be called "Qasitun" (the cruel). When the army of Mu'awiya was about to be defeated they put up copies of Qur'an on their spearheads, as a sign of agreeing that Qur'an be the arbiter in settling their dispute), requiring troops to walk away from Imam Ali (a)'s army. Eventually, some arbiters were elected in order to judge between the two parties, and the battle ended with no result. 'Ammar and Khuzayma martyred in this battle.

The Cause of the Battle