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Truthful One

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Truthful One or Ṣiddīq (Arabic: الصِدّیق) is a truthful person who never lies. Some prophets have been characterized in the Qur'an as "siddiq" or truthful.

"Al-Siddiq al-Akbar" is a title of Imam Ali (a). The Prophet Muhammad (s) gave him the titles "al-Siddiq al-Akbar" (الصديق الاکبر) and Faruq. Also Fatima al-Zahra (a) is called "Siddiqa" (الصديقة) and "al-Siddiqa al-Kubra" (الصديقة الكبرى).

Imam 'Ali (a)
I am the servant of God and His messenger's brother and I am " the greatest truthful". No one will claim this title after me except liars.

Sunan al-Nasa'i, vol.5 p. 107; Kanaz al-'ummal, vol.13 p.122; al-Mustadrak, vol.3 p.112

Lexicology and Quranic usage

The plural form of the word "siddiq" is "siddiqun". "Siddiq" in terms of the Arabic grammar is an exaggerative form from the root "s-d-q" (ص-د-ق), meaning a person who always exhibits "sidq" (Arabic: الصدق) that is, truth or honesty.

In the Qur'an, the single form of "siddiq" has been used four times and its plural form was used two times. Ibrahim (a) and Idris (a) have been characterized in the Quran as "siddiq", and Maryam (a) (St Mary the Virgin) has been characterized as "siddiqa" (the female form of "siddiq"). In hadiths, Imam 'Ali (a) has been characterized as "Siddiq" and Fatima al-Zahra (a) as "Siddiqa" or "al-Siddiqa al-Kubra".

Position of Siddiqun

According to Raghib al-Isfahani, siddiqun are people who are very close to prophets with respect to virtues.

According to a hadith in Shiite sources, when a "siddiqa" (a female siddiq) dies, no one can do her washing rituals except a siddiq. For example, Fatima al-Zahra's (a) washing rituals were done by Imam 'Ali (a), and Maryam's (a) washing rituals were done by Jesus (Isa) (a).

Al-Siddiq al-Akbar

In Shiite and Sunni sources, Imam 'Ali (a) has been characterized by the Prophet (s) as al-Siddiq al-Akbar. The Prophet (s) mentioned 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a), the believer of Pharaoh's People (Mu'min Al Fir'awn) and Habib al-Najjar as Siddiq, emphasizing that 'Ali (a) is the greatest ("Akbar") among them.

According to Sunni sources, Abu Bakr is also characterized as "siddiq" in Hadith of Mi'raj or, on other accounts, he was called so since the period of Jahiliyya (ignorance). However, the hadith has been rejected as unreliabl