Fada'il Amir al-Mu'minin (Book)
|Fada'il Amir al-Mu'minin (a)|
|Author||Ahmad b. Hanbal|
|Original title||فضائل امیرالمؤمنین علی ابن ابی طالب علیه السلام|
|Subject||Virues and excellences of Imam Ali (a)|
Faḍāʾil ʾAmīr al-Muʾminīn ʿAlī b. ʾAbī Ṭālib (a) (Arabic: (فضائل امیرالمؤمنین علی بن ابی طالب (ع) is an Arabic book by Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Hanbal al-Shaybani (d. 241/ 855), one of the four leaders of Sunni Muslims. The book is one of the first independent books devoted to Imam 'Ali (a). The book includes some hadiths regarding the virtues and excellences of Imam 'Ali (a). It is structured into two parts and five sections regarding Imam 'Ali (a)'s ascetic character, his pedigree, his mother, and his virtues. There are 369 hadiths cited in this book.
The work has recently been reprinted and edited by Sayyid 'Abd al-'Aziz Tabataba'i.
- Main article: Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Hanbal al-Shaybani
Abu 'Abd Allah Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Hanbal b. Hilal b. Asad b. Idris b. 'Abd Allah al-Shaybani al-Marwazi al-Baghdadi was one of the four leaders of Sunni Muslims and the Imam of Hanbalis. He has written numerous books the best-known of which is Musnad-u Ahmad b. Hanbal —a hadith-collection with over thirty thousand hadiths.
The Contents of the Book
Titles of the Sections
- The ascetic character of Amir al-Mu'minin 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a)—this section includes hadiths regarding the practices of Imam 'Ali (a).
- The pedigree of Amir al-Mu'minin 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a)—the final narration in this section refers to Imam 'Ali (a)'s martyrdom at the age of 58.
- His mother and her pedigree—this section refers to the virtuous character of Imam 'Ali (a)'s mother. The section concludes with a hadith regarding Ali (a)'s mission from the Prophet (s) to convey the verse of Bara'a.
- The virtues of Ali (a)—this section begins with a hadith about love of, and respect for, Amir al-Mu'minin (a), and concludes with a hadith mentioning him as a resident of Heaven.
- Hadiths concerning the virtues of Amir al-Mu'minin (a) narrated by Abu Bakr al-Qati'i (the narrator of the book) from his mentors other than 'Abd Allah b. Ahmad b. Hanbal.
This section begins with hadiths according to which the Prophet (s) sent 'Ali (a) to a small army, raising his hand and reciting: O' God, do not let me die until I meet 'Ali again. There is another hadith to the effect that the first person who prayed together with the Prophet (s) was 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a). Another hadith in this section is the well-known hadith of Ghadir, in which the second Caliph, 'Umar, tells Amir al-Mu'minin (a): congratulations, O' the son of Abi Talib; you have now became the mawla (head) of any believer.
Prints of the Book
- In the University of Mecca, attached with Ahmad b. Hanbal's Fada'il al-sahaba , edited by Wasi Allah b. Muhammad 'Abbas (Al-Risala Institute, 1403/ 1983 in two volumes).
- Fada'il-u Ahl al-Bayt min Kitab-i fada'il al-sahaba , edited by Muhammad Kazim Mahmudi, The World Forum for the Proximity of the Islamic Schools of Thought, Jumada I 7, 1429 (May, 13, 2008)
- Edited by Hasan Hamid al-Sayyid in Ahl al-Bayt (a) World Assembly. Moreover, the virtues of Imam 'Ali (a) have been extracted from Musnad Ahmad b. Hanbal by Qawam al-Din Washnawi, which was published by Al-Hikma Publications in Qom.
- Edited by Sayyid 'Abd al-'Aziz Tabataba'i, The Institute of Muhaqqiq al-Tabataba'i, 1433/ (2012), Qom.
In his introduction to the book, Tabataba'i has dealt with six issues: under the title "the virtue and the excellences" he tries to clarify the concept of virtue, showing that according to the history of Islam, Imam 'Ali (a) was a very virtuous person.
He then enumerates 28 great Sunni scholars who have acknowledged the virtues of Imam 'Ali (a).
He has then provided a critical biography of Ahmad b. Hanbal, 'Abdullah b. Ahmad and Abu Bakr al-Qati'i (the two narrators of the book).
This print has informative footnotes and technical indices (such as those of the Quranic verses, hadiths in accordance with musnads, hadiths, quotations, persons, tribes, places, events, poems, and topics).
Manuscripts of the Book
Tabataba'i has compared the following five old manuscripts for his edition of the book:
- The 7th/13th century manuscript in the Library of Ayatollah Mar'ashi Najafi, Qom,
- Another manuscript in the Library of Ayatollah Mar'ashi Najafi,
- A manuscript in the Library of Sayyid Muhammad 'Ali Rawdati in Isfahan,
- A manuscript in the Library of Walida Sultan in Istanbul,
- A manuscript in an unknown library in Yemen.
- The material for writing this article has been mainly taken from فضائل امیرالمؤمنین in Farsi wikishia.