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Faruq

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The Prophet (s): "Ali! You are the "faruq" that demarcates the right and the wrong."

(Bihar al-anwar, vol. 38, p. 227; al-Ghadir, vol. 4, p. 195)

The Prophet (s): "There will be a sedition after me. In that case, accompany Ali b. Abi Talib; for he is the first one who will be safe, and he is the "faruq" of this people, the great friend (al-Siddiq al-Akbar), and the first person who will shake hands with me on day of Judgement, … and he is Ya'sub al-Mu'minin (leader of the believers)".

(Fada'il Khamsa, vol. 1, p. 189)

Fārūq (Arabic: فاروق), meaning the demarcating boundary of right and wrong, is a title of Imam Ali (a) given to him by the Prophet Muhammad (s).[1] According to some historical sources, the Jews gave the title "faruq" to the Second Caliph. Al-Tabari and others quoted Ibn Shahab al-Zuhri as saying that "the first people who gave the title to 'Umar b. al-Khattab (the Second Caliph) were Ahl al-Kitab (the People of the Book), and Muslims followed their practice. We do not have any reports from the Prophet (s) on this."[2]

See Also

Notes

  1. Khawārizmī, al-Manāqib, p. 105; Qundūzī, Yanābīʿ al-mawadda, vol. 2, p. 234; Ṭūsī, al-Amālī, p. 148.
  2. Ibn Kathīr al-Dimashqī, al-Bidāya wa l-nihāya, vol. 7, p. 133; Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 4, p. 195; vol. 11, p. 504.

References

  • Ibn Kathīr al-Dimashqī, Ismāʿīl b. ʿUmar. Al-Bidāya wa l-nihāya. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1407 AH.
  • Khawārazmī, Muwafaq b. Aḥmad al-. Al-Manāqib. Edited by Mālik Maḥmūdī. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1414 AH.
  • Qundūzī, Sulaymān b. Ibrāhīm al-. Yanābīʿ al-mawadda li-dhawī l-qurbā. Edited by Sayyid ʿAlī Jamāl Ashraf al-Ḥusaynī. Qom: Dār al-Uswa, 1416 AH.
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-. Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk. Edited by Abū l-Faḍl Ibrāhīm. Secound edition. Beirut: Dār al-Turāth, 1387 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Al-Amālī. Edited by Muʾassisat al-Biʿtha. Qom: Dār al-Thiqāfa, 1414 AH.