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Faruq

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Fārūq (Arabic: الفاروق) is among the titles of Imam Ali (a) meaning "divider of the truth from the falsehood". According to Shi'a sources, the Prophet (s) called Imam Ali (a) "faruq". Sunnis consider 'Umar b. al-Khattab as having this title, but they disagree on whether the Prophet (a) called him so, or the People of the Book.

Meaning

Arabic language experts have mentioned different meanings for "faruq". One of these meanings is "divider of the truth from the falsehood".

Title of Imam Ali (a)

There are different hadiths, according to which, the Prophet (a) used the title "faruq" for Imam Ali (a).

Shi'a Hadiths

Some Shi'a hadiths mention that the Prophet (a) introduced Imam Ali (a) as "faruq": "He (Ali (a)) is the faruq who divides the truth from the falsehood". "O Ali (a), you are Faruq al-A'zam (the great faruq) and Siddiq al-Akbar (the greater friend".

Sunni Hadiths

Sunni sources too have mentioned hadiths, in which Imam Ali (a) is called "faruq":

The Prophet (a) addressed Imam Ali (a): "you are the first person who believed in me…You are Siddiq al-Akbar (the greater friend) and the faruq who divides the truth from the falsehood". The Prophet (a) said, "After me, there will be a turmoil. Follow Ali b. Abi Talib (a) then,…he is the greater friend and the faruq of this community…". However, some Sunni sources doubted about the transmitters of these hadiths and did not accept them.

'Umar b. al-Khattab

Sunnis introduce 'Umar b. al-Khattab as having the title of "faruq"; but, there are disagreements among them about the source of this description: Some sources believe that the Prophet (a) described 'Umar b. al-Khattab as "faruq", and some other sources believe that the People of the Book (Ahl al-Kitab) titled him as "faruq"; and then, Muslims followed them and used that title, and, the Prophet (a) did not call 'Umar so.

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from فاروق in Farsi Wikishia.