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Ya'sub al-Din

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Yaʿsūb al-Dīn (Arabic: یَعسوب الدین) or Yaʿsūb al-Mu'minīn (یَعسوب المؤمنین) is a title given to Imam Ali (a) by the Prophet (s), meaning the leader and the warden of the believers. According to a hadith, Imam Ali (a) characterized himself and Imam al-Mahdi (a) as Ya'sub al-Din.

Literal meaning

The word "Ya'sub" (Arabic: یعسوب) literally means ruler and the Queen Bee. It also means leader and senior member or head of a group. Imam 'Ali (a) was called Ya'sub al-Din or Ya'sub al-Mu'minin because, as the Queen Bee is the leader and the ruler of the bees, he is the ruler and the leader of the believers.[1] And as bees follow their Queen, believers shall follow Imam 'Ali (a).[2] al-Sayyid al-Radi took "ya'sub" to refer to a person who has authority over people.[3]

Hadith

The Prophet (s) gave the titles "Ya'sub al-Din"[4] and "Ya'sub al-Mu'minin"[5] to Imam 'Ali (a). Imam 'Ali (a) also has characterized himself as "Ya'sub al-Din".[6] Ibn Abi l-Hadid commented on the hadith in which the Prophet (s) told Imam 'Ali (a) that "You are Ya'sub al-Din and you are Ya'sub al-Mu'minin" by saying that the Prophet (s) thereby appointed 'Ali (a) as the head of Muslim believers.[7]

The Prophet (s) said: "there will be a sedition after me; when it happens, accompany 'Ali b. Abi Talib; For he is the first person who believed in me, and he will be the first person who will shake my hands on day of Judgement, and he is al-Siddiq al-Akbar and he is the Faruq of this people, and he is Ya'sub al-Din."[Note 1]

Imam 'Ali (a) has characterized Imam al-Mahdi (a) as Ya'sub al-Din: "when it happens, Ya'sub al-Din will rise, and people gather around him just as autumn clouds gather".[8]

See Also

Notes

  1. Ṭurayḥī, Majmaʿ al-baḥrayn, vol. 2, p. 121.
  2. Ibn Abī l-Ḥadīd, Sharḥ Nahj al-balāgha, vol. 19, p. 224.
  3. Nahj al-balāgha, p. 517; Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 51, p. 113.
  4. Ibn Ṭāwūs, Iqbāl al-aʿmāl, vol. 3, p. 133; Amīnī, al-Ghadīr, vol. 2, p. 313.
  5. Ibn Ḥajar al-Haytamī, al-Ṣawāʿiq al-muḥriqa, p. 125.
  6. Nahj al-balāgha, p. 530.
  7. Ibn Abī l-Ḥadīd, Sharḥ Nahj al-balāgha, vol. 19, p. 224.
  8. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 51, p. 113; Ṭūsī, al-Ghayba, p. 447.
  1. سَیَکونُ مِن بَعدی فِتنَةٌ فَاِذا کانَ ذلکَ فَاَلزِموا علی بن أبی طالب فَاِنّهُ أوّلُ مَن آمَنَ بی‌، وَ أوّلُ مَن یُصافِحُنی یَومَ القِیامَةِ، وَ هُوَ الصّدیقُ الأکبَرُ وَ هُو فاروقُ هذِهِ الأمّةِ، وَ هُوَ یَعسوبُ المُؤمِنینَ...

References

  • Amīnī, ʿAbd al-Ḥusayn al-. Al-Ghadīr. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿArabī, 1397 AH.
  • Ibn Abī l-Ḥadīd, ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd b. Hibat Allāh. Sharḥ Nahj al-balāgha. Edited by Muḥammad Abū l-Faḍl Ibrāhīm. Qom: Maktaba Āyatullāh Marʿashī al-Najafī, 1385 AH.
  • Ibn Ḥajar al-Haytamī. Al-Ṣawāʿiq al-muḥriqa fī l-rad ʿalā ahl al-bidaʿ wa l-zandaqa. Edited by ʿAbd al-Wahhāb ʿAbd al-Laṭīf. Cairo: Maktabat al-Qāhira, 1385 AH.
  • Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib. Edited by group of scholars. Najaf: al-Maktaba al-Ḥiydarīyya, 1376 AH.
  • Ibn Ṭāwūs, ʿAlī b. Mūsā. Iqbāl al-aʿmāl. Edited by Jawād al-Qayyūmī al-Iṣfahānī. Qom: Maktab al-Aʿmāl al-Islāmī, 1416 AH.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Wafāʾ, 1404 AH.
  • Nahj al-balāgha. Edited by Ṣubḥī Ṣāliḥ. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-lubnānī, 1980.
  • Ṭurayḥī, Fakhr al-Dīn al-. Majmaʿ al-baḥrayn. Edited by Sayyid Aḥmad Ḥusaynī. Tehran: Murtaḍawī, 1416 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Al-Ghayba. Qom: Muʾassisa-yi Maʿārif-i Islāmī, 1411 AH.