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Manaqib Amir al-Mu'minin (book)

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Manaqib Amir al-Mu'minin
مناقب امیرالمومنین
Author Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Khwarazmi
Language Arabic
Subject Excellence of Amir al-Mu'minin


Manāqib al-Imām Amīr al-Muʾminīn (a) (Aeabic: مَناقِبُ الامام أمیرُالمُؤمنین ) or Fadāʾil Amīr al-Muʾminīn (Arabic: فضائل امیرالمؤمنین), commonly referred to as Al Manaqib (Arabic: المناقب) or Manaqib Khwarazmi (Arabic: مناقب خوارزمی), is a book about Imam 'Ali's (a) virtues and merits by Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Khwarazmi (568/1172) a sunni scholar . The book is divided to 26 sections 16th of which consisted of 4 sections. In total, the book is concerned with Imam Ali's virtues in 30 sections.

Author

Muwaffaq b. Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Makki al-Khwarizmi known as Akhtab Khwarizmi (b. 484/1091 - d. 568/1172) was a sunni jurist, Muhaddith , lecturer, literate, historian and poet in sixth/twelfth century.[1]

Khwarizmi loved the Ahl al-Bayt (a) and authored another book called Maqtal al-Husayn where he allocated some sections of the book to the merits of the Ahl al-Bayt (a). He also wrote a book about the virtues of Imam 'Ali (a) called Arba'in of which Ibn Shahrashub in his book Manaqib made use.[2] some believe Arba'in and Al-Manaqib are one but it seems Arba'in is another book by Khwarizmi.

Importance

Manaqib Khwarizmi is one of the most valuable books which is more known among Shi'as rather than sunnis. Many scholars like al-'Allama al-Majlisi , Sayyid b. Tawus ,Ibn Shahrashub, al-Irbili e.g. from shi'as and Ibn Wazir Yamani , Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani , Ganji al-Shafi'i , Ibn Sabagh e.g. from sunnis have made use of the book.[3]

Hadiths in the Book

There are in total 416 hadiths according to the calculation of the current edition. Khwarizmi narrated all hadiths through chains of narrators and mentioned his way to the final narrator. Thus pointing out the chains of narrators is a considerable part of the book. Hadiths of this book is not limited to the ones from the Prophet (s).

Content

The book contains 27 sections including:

  1. The verses revealed on Imam 'Ali (s) position such as the verse of Tathir , 123rd of Sura Taha and 3rd of Sura Tawba
  2. The prophet's love toward Imam 'Ali (a) and his prohibition of hating him
  3. Precedence in Iman (Faith)
  4. 'Ali (a) with truth, truth with 'Ali (a)
  5. A Member of the Ahl al-Bayt (a)
  6. The superlative companion
  7. His asceticism in this world
  8. Climbing on the prophet's shoulder to break the idols
  9. Delivering Bara'a (repudiation) declaration to the polytheists
  10. Eagerness of the heaven for him

The author ends the book with an ending and du'a.[4]

Sources

Khwarizmi did not mention the sources he used in compilation of the traditions, apparently because in each narration he pointed out his way to the final narrator and thus there was no need to identify the books he got the narrations from and of course the hadiths narrated by him could be found in famous shi'a and sunni books. The corrector of the book refers to some of the authentic sources in footnote. Khwarizmi reported all his narrations in the book from sunni Muhaddith.

Manuscripts

According to the researcher of the book there are two copies:

  1. A copy in Astan-i Qods library in Mashhad
  2. A copy in Waziri library in Yazd[5]

Translations and Commentaries

There is a translation and commentary by Abu l-Hasan Haqiqi on Manaqib Khwarizmi.

Print

This book was printed and published under Jami'i Mudarrisin and with the research of Malik Mahmudi.

Notes

  1. Khwarizmi, Manaqib, p.12-20
  2. Ibn Shahrashub, Manaqib, vol.1 p.291
  3. Khwarizmi, Manaqib, p.3
  4. Khwarizmi, Manaqib.
  5. Khwarizmi, Manaqib, p.4

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from مناقب امیرالمؤمنین (کتاب) in Farsi Wikishia.
  • Khwarizmi, Muwaffaq b. Ahmad al-. Al-Manaqib. Qom: Jami'i Mudarresin,1411
  • Ibn Shahrashub. Manaqib Al Abi Talib. Najaf: al-Maktaba al-Haydariyya, 1376