Maqtal al-Husayn (a) (by Abu Mikhnaf)
- This article is about the book of "Maqtal al-Husayn (a)" written by Abi Mikhnaf. For other usages, see Maqtal al-Husayn (disambiguation).
|Maqtal al-Husayn (a)|
|Subject||Maqtal of Imam al-Husayn (a)|
|En. title||Maqtal al-Husain|
|Translator||Yasin T. al-Jibouri|
|En. publisher||al-Kharsan Foundation for Publications|
|En. full text||full text|
Maqtal al-Ḥusayn (a) (Arabic: (مقتل الحسین (ع) was the first Maqtal written on the Battle of 'Ashura and martyrdom of Imam al-Husayn (a). Lut b. Yahya known as Abu Mikhnaf was the author of this maqtal; the book is well-known as Maqtal of Abu Mikhnaf. It is inscribed two generations after the Battle of 'Ashura. It was available until the 4th/10th century but later it perished just like other works of Abu Mikhnaf.
There is a book named Maqtal of Abu Mikhnaf which is not accepted by researchers. Muhammad Hadi Yusufi Gharawi in his book Waq'at al-taff li Abi Mikhnaf tried to collect and organize available quotations in Tarikh al-Tabari and restore the actual Maqtal of Abu Mikhnaf.
- Main article: Abu Mikhnaf
Lut b. Yahya b. Sa'id b. Mikhnaf al-Azdi known as Abu Mikhnaf, was born in the second half of the 1st/7th century in Kufa; he passed away in 157/774 or 158/775. He has written many books. According to al-Najashi, Abu Mikhnaf has written twenty eight books; also Ibn al-Nadim mentioned thirty books, including: the books on the death of 'Uthman b. 'Affan, the Battle of Siffin, Maqtal of Muhammad b. Abi Bakr, Maqtal of Amir al-Mu'minin (a).
Maqtal of Abu Mikhnaf was the first maqtal on the Battle of 'Ashura. When he started writing of Maqtal al-Husayn (a) still a number of reliable people who witnessed the battle of Karbala were alive. According to the author of Waq'at al-Taf, there is no evidence proving that Abu Mikhnaf was a Shi'ite Muslim, but there are reasons that show he respected Ahl al-Bayt (a) and loved them.
The False Version
Maqtal al-Husayn (a) by Abi Mikhnaf was available until the 4th/10th century but it was later perished like other works of Abu Mikhnaf. The famous present Maqtal of Abu Mikhnaf is a false unknown book which was probably written in the 6th/12th century. Here are the reasons proving that it is a fake book:
- The content of this book is very different from the content of Tarikh al-Tabari; as al-Tabari has quoted reports on the Battle of Karbala through only one narrator or even without any narrator from this book.
- The first sentence of the book is: "Qala Abu Mikhnaf: Haddathna Abu l-Mundhar Hisham 'an Muhammad b. Sa'ib al-Kalbi" (Abu Mikhnaf said: Abu al-Mundhar Hisham narrated a hadith from Muhammad b. Sa'ib al-Kalbi), (p. 5); while Hisham was a student of Abu Mikhnaf.
- In page twelve of the book it is said: "Rawa al-Kulayni fi hadith …" (al-Kulayni narrated the hadith). While al-Kulayni was born about hundred years after the death of Abu Mikhnaf.
Mirza Husayn Nuri (al-Muhaddith al-Nuri) in his book Lu'lu' wa marjan, stated on Maqtal of Abu Mikhnaf: "Abu Mikhnaf Lut b. Yahya was a grand hadith scholar and a reliable knowledgeable historian; his book, Maqtal, was a truly a reliable book, but unfortunately the original version is not available and the current version which is attributed to him includes some irreligious content which has issues against principles of Islam. However ignorant men with wicked purposes intentionally inserted new contents that damaged the reliability of the book and its narrators are not trustworthy either."
In recent years, a number of researchers have tried to collect and rearrange quotations from the history book of al-Tabari on Abu Mikhnaf in order to restore Maqtal of Abu Mikhnaf including:
Maqtal al-Husayn (a) by Hasan Ghaffari, Waqa'at al-taff li Abi Mikhnaf by Muhammad Hadi Yusufi Gharawi which is translated to Farsi and Maqtal Al-Husayn (a) Abu Mikhnaf, corrected and translated by Hujjat Allah Judaki.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from مقتل الحسین (ابومخنف) in Farsi WikiShi'a.