Layla bt. Abi Murra
|Layla bt. Abi Murra|
Wife of Imam al-Husayn (a)
|Full Name||Layla bt. Abi Murra b. 'Urwa b. Mas'ud al-Thaqafi|
|Well-known Relatives||Imam al-Husayn (a) (Husband), 'Ali Akbar (a) (son)|
|Place of Residence||Medina|
|Known for||Wife of Imam al-Husayn (a), Mother of Ali Akbar (a)|
Laylā bt. Abī Murra b. ʿUrwa b. Masʿūd al-Thaqafī (Arabic: لیلیٰ بنت أبي مرّة بن عروة بن مسعود الثقفي) was Imam al-Husayn's (a) wife and the mother of 'Ali al-Akbar (a). She is paternally from the Thaqif tribe and maternally from Banu Umayya. Some people took her to be the best-known lady of her time. The name, Layla, is well-known in the common Shiite culture, because she was Ali al-Akbar's (a) mother. There is a disagreement about whether she was present in Karbala.
In most sources, her name is mentioned as "Layla", but in his al-Tabaqat al-kubra, Ibn Sa'd mentioned her as Amina (Arabic: آمنة), and according to some contemporary scholars, her name was Umm Layla. This is why in some rawda meetings she is referred to as Umm Layla.
Layla's father was Abu Murra b. 'Urwa b. Mas'ud b. Mu'attib, from Thaqif tribe. Abu Murra was born in the period of the Prophet (s). Both Abu Murra and 'Urwa were from the Prophet's (s) Sahaba. Abu Murra went to the Prophet (s) together with his brother and converted to Islam. 'Urwa b. Mas'ud was one of the al-Sadat al-Arba'a (the Four Heads) and a senior Arab. He is assimilated to Sahib Yasin and the most similar person to Jesus. Layla's mother, Maymuna, was the daughter of Abu Sufyan from Banu Umayya, and was known as Umm Shayba.
Marriage and Children
Presence in the Event of Karbala
There is no evidence of Layla's presence in the Event of Karbala in early sources, but some later sources referred to her presence in Karbala. On this account, Layla was praying for her son, Ali al-Akbar (a), when he was martyred, and she witnessed the mutilation of his corpse by the enemies.
Imam Ali (a) also had a wife called Layla bt. Mas'ud. She was the mother of Abu Bakr b. al-Imam 'Ali (a), a martyr of Karbala. Sometimes she is confused with Layla, the mother of Ali al-Akbar (a).
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- Maḥallātī, Rayāḥīn al-sharīʿa, vol. 5, p. 295.
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