Juwayriyya bt. al-Harith
|Juwayriyya bt. al-Harith|
Wife of the Prophet (s)
|Full Name||Barra bt. al-Harith|
|Birth||2 years before Bi'that/607|
|Place of Residence||Medina|
|Burial Place||Al-Baqi' cemetery, Medina|
Date of Marriage
(before Hijra/before 622)
Juwayrīyya bt. al-Hārith (Arabic: جُوَیریه بنت حارث) (b. 2 years before Bi'that/607 - d. 56/676) was one of the wives of the Prophet (s). After that her husband was killed in the Battle of Banu l-Mustaliq by Muslims, she was captured and became a slave woman. She asked the Prophet (s) to help her gain her freedom; so the Prophet (s) bought her and freed her. Then the Prophet (s) proposed to her and she got married to him in 5/626 or 6/627. Juwayriyya has narrated few hadiths form the Prophet (s).
Name and Lineage
Her original name was Barra (which means a beautiful woman who entraps her husband), but after her marriage to the Prophet (s), he changed her name to Juwayriyya. She, like other wives of the Prophet (s), was titled as Umm al-Mu'minin (Mother of the faithful). His father was al-Harith b. Abi Dirar, the head of Banu l-Mustaliq tribe. As she was from Banu l-Mustaliq, which was a sub-clan of Khuza'a tribe, she was called al-Mustaliqiyya and al-Khuza'iyya.
Marriage to the Prophet (s)
After that her husband was killed in the Battle of Banu l-Mustaliq, she was captured by Muslims and became a slave woman. She asked the Prophet (s) to help her gain her freedom. The Prophet (s) bought her and freed her. Then the Prophet (s) proposed to her and she got married to him in 5/626 or 6/627. As her mahr (dowry) the Prophet (s) freed 40 slaves of Banu l-Mustaliq; Muslims followed the Prophet (s) and freed all the captives from that battle.
Juwayriyya passed away in 56/676, during the reign of Mu'awiya, in Medina. Marwan b. al-Hakam, the governor of Medina, performed her burial prayer (salat al-mayyit) and she was buried in al-Baqi' cemetery.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from جویریه بنت حارث in Farsi WikiShia.