Al-Mughira b. al-Harith b. 'Abd al-Muttalib
|Al-Mughira b. al-Harith b. 'Abd al-Muttalib|
|Full Name||Al-Mughira b. al-Harith b. 'Abd al-Muttalib|
|Well-Known Relatives||The Prophet (s) (cousin)|
|Place of Birth||Mecca|
|Place(s) of Residence||Mecca|
|Death/Martyrdom||15 or 20/ 636-37 or 641-42|
|Burial Place||Al-Baqi' cemetery|
|Presence at Ghazwas||Hunayn|
Abū Sufyān al-Mughīra b. al-Ḥārith b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib (Arabic: اَبوسُفْیان مغیرة بن حارث بن عبدالمطّلب) (d. 15 or 20/636-37 or 641-642) was the cousin of Prophet Muhammad (s) and his companion; he was also a poet in early Islam. After Bi'tha of the Prophet (s), al-Mughira became a bitter enemy of the Prophet (s) and supported the polytheists who fought against him. However after the conquest of Mecca by the Prophet (s) he converted to Islam.
Lineage and Birth
Based on the satiric poems of Hassan b. Thabit, a slave called Sumayya was the mother of al-Mughira b. Harith. While another narrations mentioned that his mother's name was Ghaziyya who was a woman from Quraysh. Al-Mughira was born on the same night that the Prophet (s) was born, and it is said he looked a lot like him as well. He was the foster brother of the Prophet (s) and they were close friends in their childhood.
Disagreements on His Name
Abu Sufyan was the Kunya of al-Mughira b. al-Harith, but there is no agreement on his name. The majority of historians mentioned his name as al-Mughira including Ibn Hisham and Ibn Sa'd. While a number of historians mentioned that al-Mughira was his brother's name.
It is said al-Mughira passed away in the beginning of caliphate of 'Umar b. al-Khattab in 15/636-37, while other narrations mentioned that he passed away in 20/640-41. He is buried in al-Baqi' cemetery.
Supporting the Polytheists after Bi'that
After Bi'tha of the Prophet (s), al-Mughira became a bitter enemy of the Prophet (s). He supported the polytheists to fight against the Prophet (s). Along with 'Abd Allah b. Zib'ari and 'Amr b. 'As, Al-Mughira mocked Prophet Muhammad (s), but Hassan b. Thabit responded with satiric poems. After the victory of Muslims against the polytheists in the Battle of Badr, al-Mughira prepared a comprehensive account on it and delivered it to Abu Lahab.
Convertion to Islam
After the conquest of Mecca by Prophet Muhammad (s), al-Mughira b. al-Harith came to the Prophet (s) with his family in al-Abwa'. At first they were ignored, but when they converted to Islam, the Prophet (s) told Ali b. Abi Talib (a) that he accepted his apology and other Muslims are recommended to forgive him.
Joining Prophet Muhammad (s)
Al-Mughira attended the Battle of Hunayn and he was among the last few who fought alongside the Prophet (s). After the battle he achieved a large amount of loots.
Elegies and Narrations
Al-Dhahabi has narrated a hadith from him. When al-Mughira converted to Islam, he was forgiven by the Prophet (s). Al-Mughira wrote poems on the apologies he made and on the admirations he had for the Prophet (s). Also after the demise of the Prophet (s), al-Mughira wrote an elegy on him.
- The material for this article is mainly taken fromمغیرة بن حارث بن عبدالمطلب)in Farsi WikiShia.