Shaddad b. Aws
|Shaddad b. Aws|
|Full Name||Shaddad b. Aws b. Thabit al-Ansari al-Najjari al-Madani|
|Kunya||Abu Ya'la and Abu 'Abd al-Rahman|
|Well-Known Relatives||Hassan b. Thabit|
|Place(s) of Residence||Medina, Al-Quds|
|Presence at Ghazwas||Battle of Badr|
|Notable Roles||Ruler of Homs|
Shaddād b. Aws b. Thābit al-Anṣārī al-Najjārī al-Madanī (Arabic: شَدّاد بن أوس بن ثابت انصاري النجاري المدني) was a narrator of hadith and a companion of the Prophet (s). He was from the Banu Hudayla tribe and was the nephew of the best-known poet of the early Islam, Hassan b. Thabit. There is disagreement about his presence in the battles of the Prophet (s). On some accounts, he participated in the Battle of Badr. Ibn Sa'd reported that Shaddad immigrated to al-Quds and stayed there for the rest of his life. There is some evidence that he had tendencies to the 'Alawis, and when Mu'awiya b. Abi Sufyan asked him to curse Imam Ali (a) on pulpit, he refused to do so.
Shaddad was from the Banu Hudayla tribe and his lineage goes back to 'Amr b. Malik b. Najjar. He was the nephew of Hassan b. Thabit, the well-known poet of the early Islam.
Shaddad's father was one of the Ansar who were present in the Pledge of 'Aqaba. According to Ibn Sa'd, when Muslims migrated from Mecca to Medina, 'Uthman stayed in the house of Aws b. Thabit—Shaddad's father. After the migration, the Prophet (s) made pacts of brotherhood between people from the Muhajirun and people from the Ansar; he made a Pact of Brotherhood between Aws b. Thabit and 'Uthman.
According to al-Waqidi, Aws participate in the Battle of Badr and other battles of the Prophet (s). He died during the caliphate of 'Uthman b. 'Affan in 35/655, as reported by Ibn Habban. However, according to a report by Ibn Sa'd and Ibn 'Abd al-Barr from 'Abd Allah b. Muhammad b. 'Amara al-Ansari, Aws was martyred in the Battle of Uhud. There is a poem by Hassan b. Thabit regarding the martyrdom of Aws b. Thabit that confirms the latter account. His mother, Surayma or Surama, was from Banu 'Adyayn al-Najjar.
Shaddad had four sons called Ya'la, Muhammad, 'Abd al-Wahhab, and Mundhir, and a daughter called Khazraj. His kunyas were Abu Ya'la and Abu 'Abd al-Rahman.
Participating in the Prophet's (s) Battles
There is disagreement about whether Shaddad b. Aws participated in the Prophet's (s) battles. On some accounts, he participated in the Battle of Badr, but al-Bukhari cast doubts on such accounts. He was known for his piety and his contemporaries praised him for this character.
There are stories about his worships and asceticism.
Rule of Homs
Immigration to Al-Quds
Ibn Sa'd reported that Shaddad immigrated to al-Quds without mentioning the exact date. According to him, Shaddad lived there for the rest of his life.
Masters and Narrators
Shaddad narrated hadiths from Ka'b al-Ahbar. Usama b. 'Umayr al-Hudhali, Khalid b. Mi'dan, his sons, Muhammad and Ya'la, and others narrated hadiths from Shaddad. His hadiths are cited in al-Sihah al-Sitta.
Political Positions and Theological Tendencies
Little is known about Shaddad's political positions and theological tendencies. According to some evidence, he had tendencies to the 'Alawis. When Mu'awiya asked him to curse Imam 'Ali (a) on minbar, he refused to do so. He also helped Imam 'Ali (a) in the Battle of Jamal and narrated hadiths regarding the virtues of Imam 'Ali (a). These reports support his tendencies to the 'Alawis.
Shaddad passed away in 58/677-8 in al-Quds at the age of 75, and was buried there.
Abu Hatam al-Razi mentioned Muhammad b. 'Abd al-Rahman as Shaddad's grandson. He lived in al-Quds. He narrated hadiths from his father and his grandfather, Shaddad b. Aws. Ibrahim b. Muhammad b. Yusuf al-Faryabi narrated hadiths from him.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from شداد بن اوس in Farsi WikiShia.