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Bashir b. Sa'd

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Sahaba
Bashir b. Sa'd
Personal Information
Full Name Abū Nuʿmān, Bashīr b. Saʿd
Lineage Khazraj
Well-Known Relatives Nu'man b. Bashir
Muhajir/Ansar Ansar
Place(s) of Residence Medina
Death/Martyrdom 12/633-4
Cause of Death/Martyrdom Passed away from the injury
Burial Place near al-Anbar, Iraq
Religious Information
Presence at Ghazwas Badr, Uhud

Abū Nuʿmān, Bashīr b. Saʿd (Arabic: ابونُعمان بشیر بن سَعد) (d. 12/633-4) was a companion to the Prophet (s) and from Ansar. He lived in Medina and was from Banu Malik, a clan of Khazraj. He was among a group of residents of Yathrib, who gave allegiance to the Prophet (s) in 'Aqaba treaty. He participated in the battles of Badar, Uhud and other battles.

Lineage and Children

He was from Banu Malik, a clan of the tribe Khazraj, in Medina.[1] He was from Ansar.

His most famous child is Nu'man b. Bashir. Nu'man was the first child of Ansar who was born after immigration of the Prophet (s) to Medina and later, occupied some governmental positions.

Participations in Battles

He was among a group of residents of Yathrib who gave allegiance to the Prophet (s) in 'Aqaba treaty[2]. He participated in the battles of Badar, Uhud and other battles.[3]

In Sha'ban and Shawwal of 7/628, he was sent to two military missions by the Prophet (s)[4]. In the first mission, the Prophet (s) sent Bashir along with 30 Muslims to Banu Murra in Fadak. Although his associates finally achieved the intended result to some extent; he was badly injured during the battle that his associates had to come back to Medina without him. He stayed in Fadak for a while for treatment and then returned to Medina.

In the next mission, the Prophet (s) sent him along with 300 Muslims to Janab –settlement site of Banu Ghatafan- although there was no severe conflict; he and his associates carried off some booty.

Allegiance to Abu Bakr

Bashir b. Sa'd was among the first people who gave allegiance to Abu Bakr in Saqifa Banu Sa'ida[5]. A narration indicates that he called Ansar to be united and not to dispute on this issue[6].

It is probable that his envy of Sa'd b. 'Ubada –the elite from Khazraj, who was trying hard to take over the leadership of Khazraj- influenced him to hurry in swearing allegiance to Abu Bakr. However, this subject (who was the first one gave allegiance to Abu Bakr?) later lead to dispute and contention between Aws and Khazraj[7].

A narration indicates that he had a tendency toward swearing allegiance to Imam 'Ali (a)[8].

Death

In the Caliphate period of Abu Bakr, there were invasions and seizures by commandership of Khalid b. Walid in some regions of current Iraq. Bashir b. Sa'd was in Khalid b. Walid's army. In 12 AH/633, Bashir was injured in Baniqiya a region of 'Ayn al-Tamr –located west of Kufa and near al-Anbar- and passed away from the injury. He was buried in the same region[9].

Narration of Hadith

Jabir b. 'Abd Allah al-Ansari and Nu'man b. Bashir narrated some hadith from Bashir[10]. He was counted among those few people who could read and write in Medina in that time[11].

Notes

  1. Ibn Hisham, Vol.2, P.101
  2. Ibn Hisham, Vol.2, P.101; al-Baladhuri, Vol.1, P.244
  3. Ibn Hisham, Vol.2, P. 348; Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, Vol.1, P.172
  4. Al-Waqidi, Vol.1, PP.5-6
  5. Ibn Sa'd, Vol.3, P.182; al-Baladhuri, Vol.1, P.244; al-Ya'qubi, Vol.2, P.124
  6. al-Tabari, Vol.3, P.221
  7. Zubayr b. Bakkar, P. 578
  8. Ibn Abi l-Hadid, Vol.6, P. 12
  9. al-Waqidi, Vol.2, P.165; Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, Vol.1, P.173
  10. Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, Vol.1, P.173
  11. al-Baladhuri, PP.473-4

References

  • Al-Baladhuri, Ahmad. 1959. Ansab al-ashraf Ed. Muhammad Hamid Allah. Cairo.
  • Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, Yusuf. 1380 AH/1960. Al-Isti'ab Ed. 'Ali Muhammad Bajawi. Cairo.
  • Ibn Abi l-Hadid, 'Abd al-Hamid. 1378 AH. Sharh Nahj al-Balagha Ed. Muhammad Abu l-Fadl Ibrahim. Cairo.
  • Ibn Hisham, 'Abd al-Malik. 1355 AH/1936. Al-Sira al-Nabawiyya Ed. Mustafa Saqa and et al. Cairo.
  • Ibn Sa'd , Muhammad. n.d. Al-Tabaqat al-kubra. Beirut: Dar Sadir.
  • Al-Tabari, Muhammad b. Jarir. n.d. Al-Tarikh.
  • Al-Waqidi, Muhammad. 1966. Al-Maghazi Ed. Marceden Jones. London.
  • Al-Ya'qubi, Ahmad. n.d. Al-Tarikh. Beirut: Dar Sadir.
  • Zubayr b. Bakkar. 1972. Al-Akhbar al-muwaffaqiyyat Ed. Sami Makki 'Ani. Baghdad.

See also