Abu Dujana

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Sahaba
Abu Dujana
Personal Information
Full Name Samāk b. Aws b. Kharasha b. Lawdhān
Kunya Abu Dujana
Lineage Banu Sa'ida
Muhajir/Ansar Ansar
Death/Martyrdom 12/633
Cause of Death/Martyrdom Battle against Musaylama al-Kadhdhab
Religious Information
Presence at Ghazwas Badr, Uhud

Samāk b. Aws b. Kharasha b. Lawdhān (Arabic: سماک بن اوس بن خَرَشَة بن لوذان) (b. ? - d. 12/633), famous as Abū Dujāna is of disciples (Ansar) and companions to the Prophet (s). He participated in the battles of Badr, Uhud and other Ghazawat (battles) and was among the few companions who, in the Battle of Uhud, stood beside the Prophet (s) and protected him in the surprise attack by the pagan enemies. He was martyred in a battle against Musaylama al-Kadhdhab in 12/633.

Lineage

He was one of Helpers (Ansar) and from Banu Sa'ida tribe.

Participation in Early Battles

He took part in the battles of Badr, Uhud and other Ghazawat (battles).

Uhud

In the battle of Uhud, the Prophet (s) gave a sward to Abu Dujana. He displayed great courage and perseverance and was among the few who, in spite of Quraysh surprise attack, stayed with the Prophet (s) to protect him; therefore, the Prophet (s) prayed for him.

Banu Nadir

In the year 4/625 and after Muslims prevailed over the Jews of Banu Nadir; the Prophet (s) divided the booty among the Emigrant (Muhajirin) only, but since Abu Dujana and Sahl b. Hunayf were poor, he gave each a share.

Participation in Post-Prophet (s) Battles

After the demise of the Prophet (s), Abu Dujana participated in the battle of Yamama in 12/633.

He also participated in the Battle against the Apostates. When the followers of Musaylama al-Kadhdhab had taken refuge in a garden, Abu Dujana encouraged Muslims to fight against them and as a result of his bravery and perseverance, Muslims could occupy the garden.

Martyrdom

It's been narrated that Abu Dujana wounded Musaylama and fight with courage till he was martyred by Musaylama's followers; however, according to one account, he was martyred by Musaylama himself.

Name Confusion

The similarity between the names of Abu Dujana (Samak b. Aws b. Kharasha), who was a companion of the Prophet (s), and Samak b. Makhrima al-Asadi, who was one of 'Uthmanian and disassociated himself from Imam Ali (a), and Samak b. Kharasha al-Ju'fi, misled some historians into believing that Abu Dujana participated in the Battle of Siffin

External Links

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from ابودجانه in Farsi Wikishia.