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Burayda b. al-Husayb

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Sahaba
Burayda b. al-Husayb
Personal Information
Kunya Abu 'Abd Allah
Lineage Aslam b. Afsa tribe
Muhajir/Ansar Ansar
Place(s) of Residence Medina, Basra, Merv
Death/Martyrdom 63/682-3
Burial Place Turkmenistan
Religious Information
Presence at Ghazwas All ghazwas except for battles of Badr and Uhud
Migration to Basra, Merv
Known for Refusing to pledge allegiance with Abu Bakr and supporting Imam 'Ali (a)
Other Activities Transmitter of Hadith al-Rayat and Hadith al-Ghadir

Burayda b. al-Ḥuṣayb al-Aslamī (Arabic: بُرَیدَة بن الحُصَيب الأَسلَمي) was a companion of the Prophet (s). He attended most of the Prophet's (s) battles (ghazwas). He was the head of the Aslam b. Afsa tribe. His conversion to Islam led to the conversion of many people in his tribe to Islam. After the demise of the Prophet (s) he supported Imam 'Ali (a) and refused to pledge allegiance to Abu Bakr.

Lineage

Burayda's father is mentioned in many sources as "al-Husayb" and in some as "Khuḍayb". He was the head of the Aslam b. Afsa tribe. He was known with different kunyas such as Abu 'Abd Allah, Abu Sahl, Abu l-Husayb, and Abu Sasan, but he is most commonly known as Abu 'Abd Allah.

In the Period of the Prophet (s)

During the Prophet's (s) immigration from Mecca to Medina, when the Prophet (s) had a sojourn in al-Ghamim station, Burayda and 80 families associated with him went to the Prophet (s) and converted to Islam. But on Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani's account, he converted to Islam after the Battle of Badr.

Burayda only joined the Prophet (s) in Medina after the Battle of Uhud. After this battle, he moved to Medina and attended all the Prophet's (s) later battles. In 9/630-31, he was once commissioned by the Prophet (s) to receive taxes from Aslam and Ghifar tribes and once again to call them to join the Battle of Tabuk.

He narrated hadiths from the Prophet (s), and Abu Dawud, the author of Musnad cited his hadiths. His son, 'Abd Allah b. Burayda and his grandsons, Aws b. 'Abd Allah and Sahl b. 'Abd Allah also narrated hadiths from him.

He narrated a hadith according to which the Prophet (s) told him, Abu Bakr b. Abi Quhafa, 'Umar b. Khattab, Talha, and al-Zubayr to greet 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a) as Amir al-Mu'minin, and they did so.

After the Prophet (s)'s Demise

After the Prophet (s) demise, Burayda al-Aslami refused to pledge allegiance to Abu Bakr and supported Imam 'Ali (a). He continued to live in Medina until Basra was built, when he moved to Basra. He fought in Khorasan and resided in Merv.

According to Ibn Kathir and al-Baladhuri, he and Rabi' b. Ziyad were among the 50,000 people who moved from Basra and Kufa to Khorasan in 51/671 at the command of Ziyad b. Abih.

Love of Imam 'Ali (a)

His love for Imam 'Ali (a) goes back to his company of the Imam (a) during a trip to Yemen. On this trip, Khalid b. al-Walid who was dissatisfied with Imam 'Ali's (a) performance, sent Burayda to the Prophet (s) in order to express his complaints of Imam 'Ali (a). When he went to the Prophet (s) and heard the Prophet's (s) word about Imam 'Ali (a), he began to love the Imam (a). When Abu Bakr was appointed as the caliph after the demise of the Prophet (s), he went to the Banu Aslam tribe and installed a flag among them, calling people to object to Abu Bakr's caliphate and pledge their allegiance to Imam 'Ali (a).

He narrated many hadiths from the Prophet (s) with regard to the virtues of Imam 'Ali (a), including:

  • The Event of Ghadir Khumm.
  • The story of the Prophet (s) taking back the flag from Abu Bakr and giving it to 'Ali (a) in the Battle of Khaybar. The Prophet (s) had said: "tomorrow I will give the flag to someone who is loved by God and His prophet, and God will bring about the victory on his hands, and he never runs away." The next day he gave the flag to 'Ali (a) and he conquered the battle.

Death

According to Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, Burayda died in 63/682, and according to Ibn Athir, he died during the reign of Yazid b. Mu'awiya (r. 60/679 - 64/683) in Khorasan (near Merv).

His grave is located in today's Turkmenistan. Al-Hakam b. al-Ghifari, another well-known Companion of the Prophet (s), is buried near Burayd's grave. Muslim residents of the region call these two figures the "twin flag-holders of Islam". According to al-Tabrisi in his I'lam al-wara, there is a hadith from the Prophet (s) addressing Burayda, in which he prognosticates the immigration of Burayda and some other people to Merv.

Children

In his al-Tabaqat al-kubra, Ibn Sa'd mentioned a person called 'Abd Allah, the son of Burayda al-Aslami, who narrated hadiths from his father. Waqid, the grandfather of the historian, Muhammad b. 'Umar al-Waqidi, was an emancipated slave of 'Abd Allah b. Burayda.

References