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List of Sahaba

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This article is about List of Sahaba. For the concept of Sahaba, see Sahaba.

The Companions of the Prophet Muhammad (s), or Ṣaḥāba (Arabic: الصحابة), are the title of those Muslims who met the Prophet (s) and believed in him until their demise. The number of Sahaba is counted more than a hundred-thousand individuals. The majority of Sunni scholars believe that all the prophet's companions were just and righteous individuals (ʿĀdil), and hence, any mistakes they made or crimes they committed were because of an error in their individual ijtihad. According to Shi'as, the Sahaba were no different to the rest of the Muslims in this regard, and the veracity or justice of each companions would need to be established separately.

In the view of Shi'as, the best of the Prophet's (s) companions were Imam 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a) and his two sons, Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a).

Emigrants to Abyssinia

Men

  1. Ja'far b. Abi Talib; known as Jaʿfar al-Ṭayyār (جَعفَر الطَيّار) (the flying Ja'far) and Dhu l-Janāḥayn (ذو الجَناحَین) (the one with two wings) was cousin of the Prophet Muhammad (s) and the older brother to Imam 'Ali (a). He led a group of Muslims to take refuge in Abyssinia. He was appointed as the commander of the Muslim Army in the Battle of Muta, in which he was later martyred. His tomb is in Jordan.
  2. 'Abd Allah b. Mas'ud; known as ʾIbn Masʿūd (Arabic: ابن مسعود), was one of the companions of the Prophet (s) and a narrator of hadiths and an exegete of the Qur'an in the early Islam. He took himself as the sixth person who converted to Islam. He was one of the first memorizers of the Qur'an.
  3. 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far; a companions of the Prophet (s), Imam Ali (a), and Imam al-Hasan (a) and husband of Lady Zaynab (a). He accompanied Imam al-Hasan (a) until his peace treaty with Mu'awiya. His two sons –'Awn and Muhammad- were martyred in the Day of 'Ashura' by Yazid's army.
  4. 'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Asad; a foster brother (brother from rida') of the Prophet (s) and was among Muhajirun (the emigrants) who emigrated to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and Medina. He was one of the first people converted to Islam and participated in the battles of Badr and Uhud. He was wounded in the Battle of Uhud and later passed away from his wound.
  5. Abu 'Ubayda al-Jarrah; known as Abū ʿUbayda al-Jarrāḥ ( أبوعُبیدة الجرّاح), a close companion of Abu Bakr b. Abi Quhafa and 'Umar b. al-Khattab. In the incident of Saqifa, he endorsed the caliphate of Abu Bakr and had a major role in taking oaths of allegiance from opponents of Abu Bakr, and in particular, Imam 'Ali (a).
  6. Shurahbil b. Hasana; one of the first sahaba of Prophet Muhammad (s). Shurahbil attended the first ghazwas in the early Islam. He is mentioned as a scriber (or katib) of the Prophet (s); he wrote the Prophet's (s) letter to people of Ayla.
  7. Khalid b. Sa'id; one of the first people who converted to Islam. He was a scribe (katib) of the Prophet Muhammad (s). He was the Holy Prophet's (s) agent in Yemen. After the Prophet's (s) demise, he resigned from this position and preferred not to work for the caliphs. Khalid b. Sa'id was one of the 12 people who did not pledge their allegiance with Abu Bakr b. Abi Quhafa;
  8. 'Uthman b. 'Affan
  9. Abu Hudhayfa; one of the great companions and early Muslims, one of the people who migrated to Abyssinia and Medina and took part in the majority of ghazwas and Sariyyas and was given the accolade of being killed in the Battle of Yamama.
  10. Miqdad b. 'Amr; one of the noble companions of the Prophet (s), and one of the first Shi'as of Imam Ali (a). He is participated in the Battle of Badr and all of the battles with the Prophet (s).
  11. Mus'ab b. 'Umayr; was among those who converted to Islam in the house of Arqam. He was sent him to Yathrib for the propagation of Islam. He attended the Battle of Badr and was martyred in the Battle of Uhud.
  12. 'Uthman b. Maz'un; one of the Prophet's Companions and his foster brother. He was among the first Muslims. He, his brother, 'Abd Allah b. Maz'un, and his son, Sa'ib, were present in Migration to Abyssinia, Migration to Medina, and the Battle of Badr.
  13. 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Awf; a member of the Six-Member Council.
  14. Al-Zubayr b. al-'Awwam; After the Prophet's demise, al-Zubayr did not accept the verdict issued by Saqifa council about the succession of the Prophet (s), instead he defended the caliphate of Ali (a) and had various discussions with 'Umar. However, at the beginning of Imam Ali's caliphate period; he, Talha, and 'A'isha -known as Nakithun- launched the Battle of Jamal, in which he was killed.

Women

  1. Umm Salama; wife of the Prophet (s) and one of the persons who were called Umm al-Mu'minin. She immigrated to Abyssinia together with Muslims and was the first person who immigrated to Medina.
  2. Umm Habiba; daughter of Abu Sufyan and a wife of the Prophet (s).
  3. Asma' bt. 'Umays; wife of Ja'far b. Abi Talib. After the martyrdom of Ja'far in the Battle of Muta, she married Abu Bakr. When Abu Bakr died, She married Imam Ali (a). Asma' is the mother of Muhammad b. Abi Bakr.
  4. Ruqayya bt. Muhammad; at first married 'Utba b. Abi Lahab, but when Sura al-Masad revealed, her husband divorced her, then she married 'Uthman b. 'Affan. She emigrated twice. She finally passed away in 2/624 and was buried in Baqi' Cemetery.
  5. Umm Ayman; was freed by the Prophet (s) and was the mother of Usama b. Zayd.
  6. Safiyya bt. 'Abd al-Muttalib; the Prophet's (s) paternal aunt and al-Zubayr b. al-'Awwam's mother. She helped Muslim fighters during the early battles after emergence of Islam. She, also, killed a Jewish person who had come to fight Muslims in the Battle of Khandaq.
  7. Sawda bt. Zam'a b. Qays; wife of the Prophet (a) who married to the Prophet (s) after Lady Khadija (a) and before Aisha. She was present in the Battle of Khaybar and has narrated some hadiths form the Prophet (s).

Died before Hijra

Men

  1. Abu Talib; father of 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a) and the uncle of Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah (s), was among the noblemen of Mecca and the tribe of Banu Hashim. In the poems of Abu Talib (a), there are many verses which show his belief in Islam.
  2. Yasir; 'Ammar's father, was one of the first people who joined Islam, and was the first martyr in Islam who was killed by pagans' tortures.

Women

  1. Lady Khadija (a); known as Umm al-Mu'minun (Arabic: أمّ المؤمنین), was the first wife of Prophet Muhammad (s) and the first woman who converted to Islam. Khadija dedicated her wealth for expansion of Islam. Prophet Muhammad (s) always praised Khadija.
  2. Sumayya; 'Ammar's mother, was one of the first people who joined Islam, and was the first female martyr in Islam who was killed by pagans' tortures.

Muhajirun

Men

  1. Imam 'Ali (a); the first Imam of all Shi'a, companion, hadiht transmitter, cousin, son-in-law of the Prophet (s), and the fourth caliph of the Rightly Guided Caliphs in the Sunni school of thought. He was one of the scribes of the Qur'an.
  2. Hamza; the Holy Prophet's (s) uncle and martyred in the Battle of Uhud. Hamza was remained among the most important defenders of the Prophet (s). He accompanied Muslims in the Shi'b of Abi Talib. Hamza participated in a number of battles including the Battle of Badr and the Battle of Uhud in which he was martyred.
  3. 'Ammar b. Yasir; among the first people to become Muslim. 'Ammar, along with Salman, Miqdad, and Abu Dhar, is considered to be one of the first Shi'a. He was among those few Muslims who refused to pay allegiance to Abu Bakr. He was over 90 years old when he fought in the Battle of Siffin and was martyred by the army of Mu'awiya.
  4. Abu Dhar al-Ghifari; one of the greatest companions of Prophet Muhammad (s) and a companion of Imam 'Ali (a); he was also one of those who were known as the four pillars.
  5. Miqdad b. 'Amr
  6. Bilal al-Habshi; was among the first persons who converted to Islam. He was assigned to perform Adhan (calling for prayer) in the time of the Prophet (s). He was in charge of the bayt al-mal in the time of the Prophet (s) and accompanied him in all battles.
  7. Arqam b. Abi Arqam; According to a narration, he was the seventh person who converted to Islam. He attended the battles of Badr, Uhud, and some other Ghazwas. He was famous for having a house on hillside of Mount Safa in Mecca, where new Muslims gathered and the Prophet (s) invited people to Islam.
  8. Abu Rafi'; a servant of the Prophet (s) who later was freed and became the head of the clan of Al Abi Rafi'. During the reign of Imam 'Ali (a), he was the treasurer of Kufa.
  9. Al-'Abbas b. 'Abd al-Muttalib; uncle of Prophet Muhammad (s) and the ancestor of the Abbasid caliphs. During his childhood and teenagerhood, he was a playmate of the Prophet (s). Although there is a disagreement about when he converted to Islam, he tried to support the Prophet (s) even before his conversion to Islam.
  10. Khabbab b. Aratt; a companion to the Prophet (s) and Imam Ali (a) and one of the first Muslims. He participated in all the battles during the Prophet's time.
  11. Usama b. Zayd; son of Zayd b. Haritha. He was appointed by the Prophet as the commandor of Muslim army to march towards Syria.
  12. Abu l-'As b. Rabi'; the son-in-law of the Holy Prophet (s) and the nephew (sister's son) of Khadija al-Kubra (a). He was captured by Muslims in the Battle of Badr and converted to Islam around 6/ 627-8.
  13. Talha; a member of the Six-Member Council. After 'Uthman's murder, Talha pledged his allegiance with Imam Ali (a), but he breached his pledge after a while, launching the Battle of Jamal against Imam Ali (a) with the help of al-Zubayr, Aisha, the Prophet (s)'s widow, and some Umayyads; they came to be known among Shiites as Nakithun.
  14. Al-Zubayr b. al-'Awwam
  15. Ibn 'Abbas; the Prophet (s) and Imam 'Ali's (a) cousin and one of the companions to the Prophet (s), Imam Ali (a), Imam al-Hasan (a), and Imam al-Husayn (a). He was in Imam 'Ali's army during the Battles of Jamal, Siffin, and Nahrawan. He was appointed as the governor of Basra by Imam 'Ali (a). He warned Imam al-Husayn (a) about traveling to Karbala, and did not accompanied him in that trip.
  16. Sa'd b. Abi Waqqas; He attended the Battle of Badr as well as the Battle of Uhud. He was appointed by 'Umar b. al-Khattab—the Second Caliph—as the ruler of Kufa, and was the commander of the Islamic army in the Battle of Qadisiyya against the Sassanid empire.
  17. 'Amr b. Hamiq al-Khuza'i; one of the Sahaba and a companion of Imam 'Ali (a) and Imam al-Hasan (a). He attended the battles of Jamal, Nahrawan and Siffin. 'Amr b. Hamiq was martyred by agents of Mu'awiya b. Abi Sufyan, and his head was the first head that was circulated in cities. He is one of the hadith transmitter of hadith al-Ghadir.
  18. Suhayb b. Sinan; among the first Muslims who accepted Islam. He participated in all battles of the Prophet (s). He did not give allegiance to Imam Ali (a).
  19. Abu Bakr; the first caliph of Rashidin caliphs in the view of Sunni people. During his short rule, controversial events happened, including the event of Fadak, Radda Battles, and beginning of the conquests.
  20. Zayd b. Haritha; the Prophet's (s) stepson; one of the first people who converted to Islam and the only person from Sahaba whose name is mentioned in the Qur'an. He was the commander in the Battle of Mu'ta and was martyred in this battle.
  21. 'Abd Allah b. 'Umar; he son of the Second Caliph. 'Umar introduced him as the advisor for determining the caliph after himself. uring the rule of Imam Ali (a), although he mentioned many merits of Imam (a), but did not give allegiance to him; however, he later gave allegiance to Yazid b. Mu'awiya.
  22. 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Awf
  23. 'Umar b. al-Khattab
  24. Budayl b. Warqa'
  25. 'Abd Allah b. Mas'ud
  26. Abu Hudhayfa
  27. Mus'ab b. 'Umayr
  28. Shurahbil b. Hasana
  29. Khalid b. Sa'id
  30. 'Uthman b. Maz'un
  31. 'Uthman b. 'Affan
  32. Abu 'Ubayda al-Jarrah
  33. 'Ubayd Allah b. 'Abbas b. 'Abd al-Muttalib;
  34. Mus'ab b. 'Umayr
  35. 'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Asad

Women

  1. Lady Fatima (a); the daughter of the Prophet (s) and Lady Khadija (a), and Imam 'Ali's (a) wife, and the mother of Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a). Fatima is one of the Ashab al-Kisa'. She is one of the 14 Infallibles based on Twelver Shi'a beliefs. She was the only woman who accompanied the Prophet (s) in the Event of Mubahala with the Christians of Najran. She did not pledge allegiance to Abu Bakr and opposed him firmly.
  2. Fatima bt. Asad; the mother of Imam 'Ali (a) and the wife of Abu Talib. She was the eleventh person, and only the second woman, to become a Muslim.
  3. Aisha; the daughter of Abu Bakr b. Abi Quhafa, the wife of the Prophet Muhammad (s) and was amongst the influencing women of the Islamic era. Shi'a strongly criticize her personality and behavior on account of her hostile stance and actions during the period of Imam Ali's caliphate.
  4. Zaynab bt. Jahsh; the Prophet Muhammad's wife. First, she married Zayd b. Haritha, the Prophet's (s) adopted son, but soon they separated. Then the Prophet (s) married her to break the Ignorance tradition which considered the adopted children as the biological ones.
  5. Zaynab bt. Muhammad; Her husband Abu l-'As b. Rabi' was in the army of the polytheists in the Battle of Badr and was captured by Muslims. Later, Abu l-'As took refuge to Zaynab and converted to Islam.
  6. Umm Kulthum bt. Muhammad; She married 'Utayba b. Abu Lahab before Bi'tha and when the Sura al-Masad was revealed cursing Abu Lahab and his wife, 'Utayba divorced her by the order of his father. After the Battle of Badr, Umm Kulthum married to 'Uthman.
  7. Asma' bt. Abi Bakr; one of the first people who converted to Islam. She was al-Zubayr b. al-'Awwam's wife and 'Abd Allah b. al-Zubayr's mother.
  8. Fatima bt. Asad; he mother of Imam 'Ali (a) and the wife of Abu Talib. Her mother was Fatima bt. Heram b. Rawaha. Fatima bt. Asad was the eleventh person, and only the second woman, to become a Muslim.
  9. Hafsa bt. 'Umar; the he Prophet's (s) wife, who got married to him in Sha'ban, 3/625, after the death of her first husband.Together with Aisha, the other wife of the Prophet (s), they were the two who resented the Prophet (s), and the first and forth verses of the sura Al-Tahrim have observed this incident.
  10. Zaynab bt. Khuzayma; a descendant of 'Abd Manaf, known in the Age of Ignorance as Umm al-Masākīn, was the wife of the Prophet (s). After divorcing Tufayl b. Harith, she married his brother 'Utayda b. Harith. When Utayda was martyred in the Battle of Badr, she married the Prophet (s), but this marriage did not last long and she died at the age of 30.
  11. Umm Ayman
  12. Umm Salama
  13. Asma' bt. 'Umays
  14. Ruqayya bt. Muhammad
  15. Safiyya bt. 'Abd al-Muttalib
  16. Sawda bt. Zam'a b. Qays
  17. Duba'a bt. al-Zubayr b. 'Abd al-Muttalib
  18. 'Atika bt. 'Abd al-Muttalib

Ansar

Men

  1. Jabir b. 'Abd Allah al-Ansari; he took an oath of allegiance to Prophet Muhammad (s) in the second Pledge at al-'Aqaba. Jabir had a friendly relationship with Prophet Muhammad (s). He attended a large number of battles (ghazwa and sariyya) in his life. He narrated hadith of Lawh, which contains the names of twelve Shi'a Imams narrated from Prophet Muhammad (s), and also other famous hadiths including hadith of Ghadir Khumm, hadith of Thaqalayn and hadith of the City of Knowledge.
  2. Khuzayma b. Thabit; a companion of Imam 'Ali (a); He was pioneer among the people of his tribe to convert to Islam and became the companion of the Prophet (s). He was martyred in the Battle of Siffin.
  3. As'ad b. Zurara; among the first people of Yathrib who converted to Islam. He was titled as As'ad al-Khayr (Arabic: أسعد الخير). He preached Islam in Medina; it is said he destroyed the idols and performed prayers alongside other Muslims.
  4. Abu l-Haytham b. Tayyihan; a fellow of Imam 'Ali (a). He was a monotheist even before Islam. He was present at 'Aqaba allegiance, the wars of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq, and Muta. Abu l-Haytham opposed Abu Bakr's caliphate after the death of the Prophet (s), and made an allegiance to Imam 'Ali (a) after 'Uthman's murder.
  5. Abu Qatada al-Ansari; a companion of Imam Ali (a); He was a soldier of the Prophet's (s) army, known as "Faris-u Rasul Allah (s)". In most battles, he fought for the Prophet (s) and at the time of Imam 'Ali (a), participated in the battles of Jamal, Siffin, and Nahrawan.
  6. Sahl b. Sa'd al-Sa'idi; one of the companions of the Prophet (s) and a close companion to Imam 'Ali (a). He narrated many hadiths among which is Hadith of Ghadir. He was honored for giving two allegiance to the Prophet (s), presence in the Battle of Tabuk and praying towards two qiblas.
  7. Sahl b. Hunayf; He participated in the Battle of Badr and in the Battle of Uhud he was among the few people who did not flee and protected the Prophet (s). When Imam Ali (a) headed to the Battle of Jamal, put him as his successor in Medina.
  8. 'Uthman b. Hunayf; one of the companions of the Prophet (s) and Imam 'Ali (a). During the Caliphate of 'Umar, he was responsible for tax of Iraq and measuring its lands (for paying tax). He was the governor of Basra from the beginning of Imam Ali's reign until a while before the Battle of Jamal.
  9. Abu Lubaba al-Ansari; He was the Prophet's (s) successor in Medina during the battles of Badr, Sawiq, and Qaynuqa', and in other battles, he fought alongside the Prophet (s).
  10. Zayd b. Arqam; among the companions of the Prophet (s), special Companions of Imam 'Ali (a) and one of the transmitters of the Hadith al-Ghadir. After the Event of 'Ashura', he seriously objected the behavior of Ibn Ziyad towards the head of Imam al-Husayn (a).
  11. Burayda b. Husayb; a companion of the Holy Prophet (s). He attended most of the Holy Prophet's (s) battles (or ghazwa). He was the head of the Aslam b. Afsa tribe. His conversion to Islam led to the conversion of many people in his tribe to Islam.
  12. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri; one of the youngest companion of the Prophet (s). He accompanied the Prophet (s) in various battles. In the caliphate period of Imam 'Ali (a) he participated in the battles of Siffin and Nahrawan with Imam 'Ali (a).
  13. Hanzala b. Abi 'Amir; known as Ghasīl al-Malāʾika (Arabic: غسيل الملائکة, washed by angels) (d. 3/ 624), was one of the Sahaba who was martyred in the Battle of Uhud.
  14. Abu Ayyub al-Ansari; among the companions of the Prophet (s) and Imam Ali (a). He participated in the Second Pledge of al-'Aqaba and the Prophet (s) lived in his house after he (s) immigrated to Medina. Abu Ayyub participated in the battles of the time of the Prophet (s) and Imam Ali (a). After death of 'Uthman, Abu Ayyub was among the first people who gave allegiance to Imam Ali (a).
  15. Abu Talha; among Ansar and a prominent warrior and bowman in the early Islam. He attended battles of Badr and Khandaq and narrated hadiths from the Prophet (s).
  16. Zayd b. Thabit; On some accounts, he is mentioned as a scribe of the revelation among the Ansar. He assisted the three first Rashidun Caliphs, but he did not pledge his allegiance to Imam Ali (a).
  17. al-Bara' b. 'Azib; one of the companions of the Prophet (s) and Imam Ali (a). He converted to Islam at his young age and took part in many of the qhazwas. He is regarded as one of the prominent transmitter of Hadith al-Ghaidr.
  18. Shaddad b. Aws; a narrator of hadith and a companion of the Prophet (s). On some accounts, he attended the Battle of Badr.
  19. Abu Dujana; He participated in the battles of Badr, Uhud and other Ghazawat (battles) and was among the few companions who, in the Battle of Uhud, stood beside the Prophet (s) and protected him in the surprise attack by the pagan enemies.
  20. Khubayb b. 'Adi; among the companions of the Prophet (s) and the first martyrs of the early Islam. Following the request of the clans of 'Adal and Qara, he went to them to preach Islam, but they betrayed, captured and martyred him.
  21. Sa'd b. 'Ubada; was from the chiefs of Medina and the leader of the Khazraj tribe. Before the advent of Islam, he was known as Sa'd Kamil. Sa'd signed a treaty with the Prophet (s) in 'Aqaba and was one of the twelve heads there. Sa'd never pledged allegiance to the first or second caliph.
  22. Sa'd b. Mu'adh; one of the companions of the Prophet (s) and the chief of Aws tribe who became Muslim after the first 'Aqaba by Mus'ab b. 'Umayr in Medina and after him all his clan became Muslim. He fought in the battles of Badr and Uhud and was one of the close friends and delegates of the Prophet (s).
  23. Hudhayfa b. al-Yaman; He accompanied the Prophet (s) in many battles in the early years of Islam. He was a special and a close companion of Imam Ali (a). In some hadiths, he is mentioned as one of the four main companions of Imam Ali (a).
  24. Hassan b. Thabit; one of the greatest Arab poets from before and through to the early ages of Islam. He has been considered as one of the Prophet's (s) companions, and has written poems in favor to the Prophet (s) and in satire of his enemies, although he has not taken part in any of the ghazwas of the early Islam. According to history records, when Imam 'Ali (a) became caliph, Hassan b. Thabit refused to pledge allegiance to him.
  25. Mu'adh b. Jabal; one of the companions of the Prophet (s), a reciter of the Qur'an, and an opponent of Ahl al-Bayt (a) over the issue of the Prophet's (s) successor-ship. After the demise of the Prophet (s), Mu'adh was one of the first people who pledged their allegiance to Abu Bakr.
  26. Bilal b. Harith
  27. Qays b. Sa'd b. 'Ubada; the chief of Khazraj tribe and one of the agents of Imam Ali's (a) government. He was a commander of Imam Ali's (a) army and the army of Imam al-Hasan (a) and was known for his generosity among Arabs.
  28. 'Abd Allah b. Rawaha; one of the Twelve Nuqaba' (twelve chiefs). He attended most of the battles, including battles of Uhud, Khandaq, Hudaybiyya, Khaybar, and 'Umra al-Qada'. In the Battle of Badr al-Maw'id, he was the Prophet's (s) deputy in Medina. He was martyred in the Battle of Mu'ta.
  29. Sa'id b. Sa'd b. 'Ubada; the brother of Qays b. Sa'd, a companion of Prophet Muhammad (s). He has narrated Hadith of Ghadir and he was a representative of Ali b. Abi Talib (a) in Yemen.
  30. Bashir b. Sa'd; He was among a group of residents of Yathrib, who gave allegiance to the Prophet (s) in 'Aqaba treaty. He participated in the battles of Badar, Uhud and other battles.
  31. Usayd b. Hudayr b. Simak; a grand figure of Aws tribe, a companion of prophet Muhammad (s) and he was chosen as one the twelve naqibs (deputy) in the second pledge of al-'Aqaba. After the demise of the Prophet (s), he supported Muhajirun in the Saqifa Bani Sa'ida and he played a crucial role in assigning Abu Bakr as the caliph of Muslims.
  32. Ubayy b. Ka'b;
  33. Hamza b. 'Amr al-Aslami
  34. 'Abd Allah b. Jubayr
  35. Khawwat b. Jubayr
  36. Abu Darda' al-Ansari
  37. Bara' b. Ma'rur
  38. Bishr b. Bara'; together with his father, converted to Islam in the second Pledge of 'Aqaba. Bishr attended most Ghazwas, such as Badr, Uhud and Khandaq.
  39. Ka'b b. 'Amr; one of companions who accompanied the Prophet (s) in the battles of Badr and Uhud and other ghazwas. In his later years, he accompanied Imam 'Ali (a) in the battles of Jamal and Siffin.
  40. 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Abd Rabb al-Ansari al-Khazraji; among the companions of the Prophet (s) and Imam Ali (a) and among the martyrs of Karbala. He was present in the Event of Ghadir and was among transmitters of the hadith of Ghadir.

Women

  1. Umm 'Umara;She was among the first people who converted to Islam in Medina and was one of the two women who converted to Islam in the second treaty of 'Aqaba.
  2. Rumaysa' bt. Milhan; one of the first people of Yathrib (and Ansar) who converted to Islam in Medina. She accompanied the Prophet (s) in many battles, such as the battles of Khaybar and Hunayn and took care of the injured in the Battle of Uhud.
  3. Asma' bt. Yazid al-Ansari

Badriyyun

  1. Imam 'Ali (a)
  2. Hamza
  3. Sahl b. Hunayf
  4. Bilal al-Habashi
  5. 'Abd Allah b. Mas'ud
  6. Bishr b. Bara'
  7. 'Uthman b. Maz'un
  8. Suhayb b. Sinan
  9. 'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Asad
  10. 'Abd Allah b. Rawaha
  11. Khuzayma b. Thabit
  12. Khabbab b. Aratt
  13. 'Ammar b. Yasir
  14. Miqdad b. 'Amr
  15. Al-Zubayr b. al-'Awwam
  16. Ka'b b. 'Amr
  17. Abu l-Haytham b. al-Tayyihan
  18. Ubayy b. Ka'b
  19. Bashir b. Sa'd
  20. Mus'ab b. 'Umayr
  21. 'Abd Allah b. Jubayr
  22. Khawwat b. Jubayr
  23. Zayd b. Haritha
  24. Sa'd b. Abi Waqqas
  25. Abu Bakr
  26. 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Awf
  27. Abu Talha al-Ansari
  28. Shaddad b. Aws
  29. Abu Dujana
  30. Abu Hudhayfa
  31. Khubayb b. 'Adi
  32. Arqam b. Abi Arqam
  33. Sa'd b. Mu'adh
  34. Mu'adh b. Jabal
  35. 'Umar
  36. Tamim al-Dari

Converts after the Conquest of Mecca

  1. Hashim b. 'Utba b. Abi Waqqas; titled as Hāshim al-Mirqāl (Arabic: هاشِم المِرقال) was a companion of Prophet Muhammad (s) and 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a). He was martyred in the Battle of Siffin in 37/657. Hashim b. 'Utba converted to Islam in the time of the conquest of Mecca.
  2. Abu Sufyan; When the Noble Prophet (s) started his invitation to Islam, Abu Sufyan turned in to one of the most obstinate enemies of the Prophet (s). He had an active role against the Prophet (s) in the Battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq but embraced Islam in 8/629, and was appointed as the governor of Najran by the Noble Prophet (s).
  3. Mu'awiya; the first Umayyad caliph who ruled in Damascus after the Peace Treaty of Imam al-Hasan (a). In the conquering of Mecca, he became Muslim and he was among Tulaqa'. He attended the conquering of Syria at the time of Abu Bakr. At the time of 'Umar b. al-Khattab, Mu'awiya was the governor of Jordan and he then became the governor of all Syria. At the time of Imam Ali's (a) caliphate, on the pretext of taking revenge for 'Uthman, he waged the Battle of Siffin.
  4. Kharija b. Hudhafa; Kharija played an influential role in the conquest of Egypt after Islam, and was 'Amr b. 'As's successor in Egypt for a while. In a conspiracy for the assassination of 'Amr b. 'As, Kharija was killed instead.
  5. Al-Khirrit b. Rashid al-Naji; one of the Sahaba and Khawarij. He played an effective role in the Battles of Ridda (or apostasy) in the period of Abu Bakr b. Abi Quhafa's caliphate. And in the period of 'Uthman b. 'Affan, he was appointed as the ruler of an area in Fars. In the Battle of Jamal, he took the side of Talha b. 'Ubayd Allah and al-Zubayr b. al-'Awwam. After the Battle of Siffin, Khirrit led oppositions and revolts against Imam 'Ali (a) and converted to Christianity. He was finally killed after several confrontations with Imam 'Ali's (a) envoy.
  6. Jarud b. Mu'alla;
  7. Al-Mughira b. al-Harith b. 'Abd al-Muttalib; a poet in early Islam. After Bi'tha of the Prophet (s), al-Mughira became a bitter enemy of the Prophet (s) and supported the polytheists who fought against him. However after the conquest of Mecca by the Prophet (s) he converted to Islam.
  8. Abu Mahdhura; a companion of the Prophet (s) and mu'adhdhin of Mecca. Abu Mahdhura's narrations in regard with adhan and iqama is an important basis for the their rulings.
  9. Jubayr b. Mut'im
  10. Jarir b. 'Abd Allah al-Bajali

Martyrs

Men

  1. Imam 'Ali (a)
  2. Hamza
  3. Ja'far b. Abi Talib
  4. 'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Asad
  5. Khalid b. Sa'id
  6. Abu Hudhayfa
  7. Yasir
  8. 'Ammar b. Yasir
  9. 'Amr b. Hamiq al-Khuza'i
  10. Zayd b. Haritha
  11. Hanzala b. Abi 'Amir
  12. 'Abd Allah b. Jubayr
  13. Mus'ab b. 'Umayr
  14. Khuzayma b. Thabit
  15. Abu l-Haytham b. al-Tayyihan
  16. Abu Dujana
  17. Khubayb b. 'Adi
  18. Sa'd b. Mu'adh
  19. 'Abd Allah b. Rawaha
  20. Hashim b. 'Utba b. Abi Waqqas
  21. Sulayman b. Surad al-Khuza'i
  22. Hujr b. 'Adi
  23. 'Ammar b. Abi Salama al-Hamdani
  24. 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Abd Rabb al-Ansari
  25. Abi l-Lahm al-Ghifari
26. Anas b. al-Harith al-Kahili; among the companions of the Prophet (s) and among the Martyrs of Karbala. His father, Harith b. Nabih was also among the companions of the Prophet (s). He was the transmitter of a hadith from the Holy Prophet (s) about the killing of Imam al-Husayn (a) in Karbala.
27. 'Abd Allah b. Yaqtar; Rida'i brother of Imam al-Husayn (a) and his representative in Kufa who accompanied Muslim. He was caught by Huṣayn b. Numayr, a commander of Ibn Ziyad in Qadisiyya. After that he refused to swear at Imam Ali (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a), he was thrown down from Dar al-Khilafa.

Women

  1. Lady Fatima (a)
  2. Sumayya

The Prophet's Wives

  1. Lady Khadija (a)
  2. Sawda bt. Zam'a b. Qays
  3. Aisha bt. Abi Bakr
  4. Hafsa bt. 'Umar b. al-Khattab
  5. Zaynab bt. Khuzayma
  6. Umm Salama
  7. Zaynab bt. Jahsh
  8. Juwayriyya bt. al-Harith
  9. Umm Habiba
10. Mariya al-Qibtiyya; the Prophet's (s) wife. Among the Prophet's (s) wives, in addition to Khadija, Mariya was the only one who gave birth to a child, called Ibrahim.
11. Safiyya bt. Huyyay; the only non-Arab wife of the Prophet (s). Before Islam, Safiyya married twice; she was captured as prisoner by Muslims in the Battle of Khaybar after her husband was killed, and then the Prophet (s) married her. she was the last wife of the Prophet (s) who died in Medina and was buried in al-Baqi'.
12. Maymuna bt. Harith; one of the Prophet Muhammad's (s) wives. She was the last wife he married. She gifted herself to the Prophet (s); and verse 50 of Sura al-Ahzab was revealed about her. After the demise of the Prophet (s), she was among the supporters of Imam Ali (a).

Other Sahaba

Men

  1. Salman al-Farsi; a companion of the Prophet Muhammad (s) and of Companions of Imam Ali (a). After Prophet Muhammad (s) had passed away he became a supporter of Imam Ali (a) and a believer in his imamate. He disagreed with the Event of Saqifa. However, he cooperated with the first Caliph, Abu Bakr, and the second Caliph, 'Umar; he was also assigned as the governor of al-Mada'in in the time of the second Caliph.
  2. 'Aqil b. Abi Talib; one of the Prophet's (s) companions, Imam Ali's (a) brother, and Muslim's father. He was a great genealogist of Quraysh.
  3. Hanzala b. Rabi'; one of the Prophet's (s) Sahaba and a narrator of hadiths. He was an advocate of 'Uthman and an opponent of Imam 'Ali (a) in the Battle of Jamal and Battle of Siffin.
  4. Sulayman b. Surad al-Khuza'i; a companion of the Prophet (s), Imam Ali (a), Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a). He fought many battles beside Imam Ali (a). He led the Tawwabun Uprising in 65/684.
  5. Sa'd b. Mas'ud al-Thaqafi; among the companions of the Prophet (s), Imam Ali (a), and Imam al-Hasan (a) and the uncle of Mukhtar b. Abu 'Ubayd al-Thaqafi. In the battle of Siffin, he was appointed to the government of al-Mada'in and until the time of Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba (a) was in that position.
  6. Hujr b. 'Adi; one of the companions of the Prophet (s) and one of the elite companions of Imam 'Ali (a), and was one of the noblemen and wise of Kufa. He had an important role in many battles such as Jamal, Siffin, and Nahrawan. He was martyred in the way of supporting Imam 'Ali (a) by Mu'awiya.
  7. 'Amr b. al-'As; among the most serious enemies of the noble Prophet (s) who accepted Islam shortly before the conquest of Mecca and biographers have mentioned him among the companions of the Prophet (s). His enmity with Imam Ali (a) and his deceptions in the battles with Imam (a) made a despicable character of him to Shi'a. It is said that he had a role in many of Mu'awiya's deceptions against Imam Ali (a) including the shirt of 'Uthman. In the Battle of Siffin, he was among the top commanders of Mu'awiya and putting the Qur'an on spears is attributed to him.
  8. Aban b. Sa'id; one the companions of the Prophet (s) who converted to Islam in about 7 (628-9). The Prophet (s) appointed him as the commander of some sariyas (or military expeditions) as well as an agent for the collection of jizyas (taxes on non-Muslims) and other sorts of taxes in Yemen. After the demise of the Prophet (s), he first refused to pledge his allegiance to Abu Bakr, but after 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a) pledged allegiance to Abu Bakr, he did so as well.
  9. Abu Musa al-Ash'ari; He is mostly famous in historical sources because of the role he played in the Arbitration which took place after the Battle of Siffin.
  10. 'Adi b. Hatim al-Ta'i; a companion of Prophet Muhammad (s) and 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a) and the head of Tay' tribe. 'Adi b. Hatim was present in every event along with Imam 'Ali (a) and he supported Imam al-Hasan (a) in time of his caliphate. He openly praised Imam 'Ali (a) in front of Mu'awiya.
  11. Qutham b. 'Abbas; a companion and a cousin of Prophet Muhammad (s) and a Shi'a (follower) of Imam 'Ali (a). After Abu Qatada al-Ansari, he was appointed by Imam 'Ali (a) as the ruler of Mecca and Ta'if. In 38/658-59, he was appointed by the Imam (a) as the manager of the hajj rituals.
  12. Jariya b. Qudama; one of the Prophet's (s) sahaba and a companion of Imam Ali (a) and Imam al-Hasan (a). After 'Uthman b. 'Affan's murder in 35/656, he encouraged people of Basra to pledge their allegiance to Imam Ali (a). He was on Imam Ali's (a) side in the battles of Jamal, Siffin, and Nahrawan.
  13. Abu l-Tufayl al-Kinani; a companion of Prophet Muhammad (s). He was also a poet and a supporter of Imam Ali (a). Abu l-Tufayl was a companion of Muhammad b. al-Hanafiyya and he was a flag-bearer of al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi's army who launched an uprising to avenge Imam al-Husayn (a) and martyrs of Karbala.
  14. 'Amr b. Hurayth al-Makhzumi; an advocate of Umayyads and the rulers of Kufa from the time of 'Uthman until the Uprising of al-Mukhtar. He had a role in the martyrdom of Maytham al-Tammar, Muslim b. 'Aqil, and Hujr b. 'Adi.
  15. Mikhnaf b. Sulaym; a commander of the army of Imam 'Ali (a) in the battles of Jamal and Siffin, as well as his agent in Isfahan and Hamadan.

Women

  1. Umama bt. Abu l-'As b. al-Rabi'; the daughter of Zaynab, who was the daughter of the Prophet (s) and Khadija (a). She married Imam Ali (a) after the death of Lady Fatima (a). It is said that this marriage took place upon the request of Lady Fatiam (a).
  2. Fidda; the housemaid of Fatima al-Zahra (a). She was named "Fidda" by the Prophet (s). She is mentioned in hadiths concerning the birth of Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a), the revelation of al-It'am Verse, and the martyrdom of Fatima al-Zahra (a). She could speak with verses of the Qur'an and knew alchemy. She was allegedly present in the Event of Karbala as well.
  3. Halima al-Sa'diyya; the Prophet's (s) wet nurse and foster mother.
  4. Subay'a bt. al-Harith al-Aslamiya