Asma' bt. 'Umays
- This article is about Asma' bt. 'Umays. For other people named Asma', see Asma' (disambiguation).
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|Asma' bt. 'Umays|
|Well-Known Relatives||Ja'far b. Abi Talib, Abu Bakr, Imam Ali (a) (husbands), Muhammad b. Abi Bakr (son)|
|Place(s) of Residence||Mecca, Abyssinia, Medina|
|Migration to||Abyssina, Medina|
|Notable Roles||Hadith transmission|
|Other Activities||Present in the nocturnal funeral of Lady Fatima (a)|
Asmāʾ bt. ʿUmays (Arabic: أسماء بنت عُمَیس) , (d. after 40/660-1), is one of the female companions of Prophet Muhammad (s). She embraced Islam along with her husband, Ja'far b. Abi Talib; so she was among the first Muslims. After the martyrdom of Ja'far in the Battle of Muta, she married Abu Bakr. When Abu Bakr died, She married Imam Ali (a). Asma' is the mother of Muhammad b. Abi Bakr.
Birth and Lineage
Her father, 'Umays b. Ma'd, was from the tribe of Qahtani Banu Khath'am and her mother was Hind bt. 'Awn b. Zuhayr al-Himyari. There is no information about her birth date.
Islam and Immigration
She embraced Islam along with her husband, Ja'far b. Abi Talib; so she was among the first Muslims. Seven years after Mab'ath, she immigrated to Abyssinia with her husband, Ja'far b. Abi Talib. She and other immigrants returned to Medina in 7/628-9. Her husband, Ja'far, was martyred in 8/629 in the Battle of Muta.
After the death of Abu Bakr, She married Imam Ali (a). According to al-Kalbi, she had two children from Imam Ali (a): Yahya and 'Awn. Yahya died in his childhood. There are disagreemtns about 'Awn. Some said that he has been mistaken for 'Awn b. Ja'far and mentioned Muhammad instead of 'Awn.
She gave birth to three children, called 'Abd Allah, Muhammad, and 'Awn, from her first husband, Ja'far b. Abi Talib, while they were in Abyssinia.
She gave birth to Muhammad from her second husband, Abu Bakr. Then, she gave birth to Yahya and 'Awn from her third husband, Imam Ali (a).
There is no record about the exact date of her demise. However, 38 and after 60 were mentioned in some sources. In an account, it is only mentioned that she was alive after the martyrdom of Imam Ali (a).
Presence in Funeral of Lady Fatima (s)
One of the most important and salient points in her life was her relation with Imam Ali's (a) family. She was one of the few people who were allowed to be present in the nocturnal funeral of Lady Fatima (a). It is even said that she was present in the wedding ceremony of Imam Ali (a) and Lady Fatima (a); however according to date of this wedding in 2/624 and her return from Abyssinia in 8, it is highly unlikely.
Apparently, it was due to this close and honest relation with Imam Ali's (a) household that she was honored in Shi'a sources, as according to some hadiths she was praised by Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a).
Al-Ya'qubi mentioned that she had a book which contained hadiths of the Prophet (s). As she was very close to him and his household, this book is very important and valuable; however, because other sources did not mention anything about this book the authenticity and it ascription to her is highly doubted.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from اسماء دختر عمیس in Farsi Wikishia.