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Al-'Asharat Supplication

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This article is an introduction to the al-'Asharat Supplication; to read its text see text:al-'Asharat Supplication.

Al-ʿAsharāt supplication (Arabic: دعاء العشرات) is among authentic supplications which has been mentioned in most Shi'a supplication references. Imam Ali (a) taught Imam al-Husayn (a) this supplication. It has been emphasized and recommended to be recited every morning and night of Fridays.

Al-'Asharat supplication contains moral and ideological themes such as the acknowledgment of the unity of God, prophethood of the Prophet (s) and the Imamate of Imam Ali (a).

This supplication has been named al-'Asharat [tens], because its final phrases should be repeated ten times, each.

Chain of Transmission

Al-Sayyid b. Tawus has narrated al-'Asharat supplication from al-Shaykh al-Tusi in Jamal al-usbu', and al-Shaykh al-Tusi narrated it from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Sa'id b. 'Uqda from Ali b. Hasan b. Ali b. Faddal from Tha'laba b. Maymun from Salih b. Fayd from Ibn Maryam from 'Abd Allah b. al-'Ata who said that Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a) narrated from his father, Ali b. al-Husayn (a) and he (a) narrated it from Imam al-Husayn (a) who said that, "Imam Ali (a) taught me this supplication." In Bihar al-anwar, al-'Allama al-Majlisi narrated al-'Asharat supplication from al-Sayyid b. Tawus' Jamal al-usbu' and elsewhere narrated it with another chain of transmission from Imam al-Sadiq (a) from Imam Ali (a). In Balad al-amin, al-Kaf'ami narrated it from al-Shaykh al-Tusi and in Misbah, mentioned it with another chain of transmission. In Mafatih al-jinan, Shaykh Abbas Qummi has narrated this supplication from al-Shaykh al-Tusi.

Cause of Naming

This supplication has been named al-'Asharat [tens], because its final phrases should be repeated ten times, each.

Rewards for Recitation

Imam al-Baqir (a) said, "Imam Ali (a) told Imam al-Husayn (a), 'My son, surly God's destiny will be applied to you in any way His wisdom requires; so, promise me not to t