Asbagh b. Nubata
|Asbagh b. Nubata|
|Full Name||Asbagha b. Nubata al-Mujasha'i al-Tamimi al-Hanzali|
|Companion of||Imam Ali (a), Imam al-Hasan (a)|
|Place(s) of Residence||Kufa|
|Activities||Shurtat al-khamis,Battle of Siffin|
Aṣbagh b. Nubāta Al-Mujāshiʿī al-Tamīmī al-Ḥanẓalī (Arabic:اصبغ بن نباته المُجاشعي التَمیمي الحَنظلي) (First/Seventh century), was a close and loyal companion of Imam 'Ali (a). He was one of the members of Shurta al-Khamis (A group of elite and devoted soldiers of Imam 'Ali (a)).
He was from the Mujashi' b. Darim's clan, one of the families of Bani Hanzalah tribe. He was a Kufan and was one of most faithful companions of Imam 'Ali (a) at the time of his Caliphate. Some narrations indicates the high position of Asbagh in the eyes of Imam 'Ali (a).
As attested by Nasr b. Muzahim, Asbagh was a pious old man and was a commander in Imam 'Ali's (a) army in the battle of Siffin. He was member of the Shurta al-Khamis (a group of elite and devoted soldiers) who promised Imam 'Ali to fight for his cause to the death. There are also some narrations quoted from him reporting the events of the battle of Jamal.
Asbagh lived after Imam 'Ali (a) as also understood from his narration about the martyrdom of Imam 'Ali (a). But the exact date of his death is not known and there are different views about it. This ambiguity is due to different narrations attributed to him in different sources. al-Shaykh al-Tusi mentioned him among the companions of Imam al-Hasan (a), there are also some narrations that Asbagh has narrated from Imam al-Husayn (a), and a work on Maqtal (any descriptive narration of the martyrdom of the Imam al-Husayn (a)) is attributed to him too. Even, in some sources, his death is reported to be after the first/seventh century. But the accuracy of some of these narrations have been doubted because of the undistinguished persons in the chain of narrators.
His narrations are mainly about historical, jurisprudential and moral issues. Most famous narrations from him are the letter of Imam 'Ali (a) to Malik al-Ashtar and the Imam's advice to his son, Muhammad b. al-Hanafiyya.
Sunny Views about him
Majority of Sunni hadith scholars did not regard Asbagh as authentic. It seems that this rejection is because of his zealous love towards Imam 'Ali (a) so that they accused him of being Rafidi and ghali. Nevertheless, Al-'Ijli has considered Asbagh as authentic.
- Ansari Talmisani, al-Jawhara, p. 186; Ibn Hazm, Jamharat ansab al-'arab, p. 231.
- Ibn Sa'd, al-Tabaqat al-kubra, vol. 6, p. 225
- see: al-Tusi, Amali, vol. 1, p. 176.
- Nasr b. Muzahim, Waq'at siffin, p. 442-443.
- Khalifa, Tarikh, vol. 1, p. 231.
- al-Kashshi, Mu'arafat al-rijal, p. 103; Khoei, Mu'jam al-rijal, vol. 3, p. 222.
- Ibn Abi al-Hadid, Sharh-i Nahj al-balagha, vol. 1, p. 248-263.
- al-Mufid, Amali, p. 351.
- al-Tusi, Rijal, p. 66.
- see: Ibn Shahrashub, al-Manqib, vol. 4, p. 52.
- Khoei,'Mu'jam al-rijal, vol. 3, p. 222.
- See: al-Hilli, Rijal, p. 24; al-Hurr al-'Amili, Wasa'l al-shi'a, vol. 20, p. 142-143.
- al-Tusi, al-Fihrist, p. 62-63.
- al-Dhahabi, Mizan al-i'tidal, vol. 1, P. 271; Mizzi, Tahdhib al-Kamal, vol. 3, p. 308.
- Ibn Habban, al-Majruhin, vol. 1, p. 357; Mizzi, Tahdhib al-Kamal, vol. 3, p. 308.
- Ibn Sa'd, al-Tabaqa al-kubra, vol. 6, p. 225; Ibn Habban, al-Majruhin, vol. 1, p. 174
- Basawi, al-Ma'rifat wa l-tarikh, vol. 3, p. 190; al-Dhahabi, al-Mughni, vol. 1, p. 93; 'Asqalani, Taqrib al-tahdhib, vol. 1, p. 81
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