'Abd Allah b. Yahya al-Hadrami
|'Abd Allah b. Yahya al-Hadrami|
|Full Name||'Abd Allah b. Yahya al-Hadrami|
|Companion of||Imam 'Ali (a)|
|Teknonym||Abu l-Rida or Abu l-Radi|
|Wellknown Relatives||Yahya al-Hadrami (father)|
|Place(s) of Residence||Kufa|
|Cause ofDeath/Martyrdom||Martyred by the order of Mu'awiya|
|Activities||Member of Shurtat al-Khamis, attending the Battle of Jamal|
ʿAbd Allāh b. Yaḥyā al-Haḍramī (Arabic: عبدالله بن یحیی الحَضرَمي) was a companion of 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a). He was a member of Shurtat al-Khamis and he attended the Battle of Jamal. 'Abd Allah was martyred by the order of Mu'awiya after the peace Treaty between Imam al-Hasan (a) and Mu'awiya. When Imam al-Hasan (a) wrote a critical letter to Mu'awiya and condemned his wrongdoings which broke his promises cited in the Peace Treaty, he mentioned the martyrdom of 'Abd Allah b. Yahya.
Name and Lineage
It is said 'Abd Allah b. Yahya al-Hadrami was from Hadhramaut, a region in Yemen. His name is stated as 'Abd Allah b. Bahr and 'Abd Allah b. Nujayy in historical accounts as well. Abu l-Rida or Abu l-Radi was the kunya of 'Abd Allah.
In the Time of 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a)
'Abd Allah was a member of Shurtat al-Khamis in the time of Imam 'Ali's (a) caliphate. In historical reports it is said he attended the Battle of Jamal. It is narrated that Imam (a) told 'Abd Allah: "Oh, 'Abd Allah, you and your father are truly members of Shurtat al-Khamis; Prophet Muhammad (s) told me about you and your father who are members the Shurtat al-Khamis. God called you by means of his Prophet (s) members of Shurtat al-Khamis."
After the martyrdom of 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a), 'Abd Allah was always sad; he mentioned the virtues of Imam 'Ali (a). Ziyad b. Abih informed Mu'awiya about 'Abd Allah's affection toward 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a) then Mu'awiya ordered his men to kill him and his supporters.
'Allama Amini has narrated in his book, Al-Ghadir, from al-Muhabbar that Ziyad crucified 'Abd Allah on the door of his house in Kufa. According to the critical letter of Imam al-Husayn (a) to Mu'awiya, Ziyad eventually mutilated 'Abd Allah's body.
Reaction of Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a)
As al-Shaykh al-Saduq has narrated from al-Furuq bayn al-abatil wa l-huquq, when Mu'awiya violated the Peace Treaty, Imam al-Hasan (a) sent a letter to him and mentioned his wrongdoings; at first he mentioned the martyrdom of 'Abd Allah b. Yahya al-Hadrami.
Imam al-Husayn (a) also sent a critical letter to Mu'awiya and condemned the order of murdering 'Abd Allah.
Al-Shaykh al-Tusi regarded 'Abd Allah b. Yahya among the narrators of Imam 'Ali (a). There are hadiths narrated by 'Abd Allah and his father, Yahya al-Hadrami, from 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a) in Shi'ite and Sunni hadith books.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from عبدالله بن یحیی حضرمی in Farsi WikiShia.