Sa'id b. Qays al-Hamdani
|Sa'id b. Qays al-Hamdani|
|Full Name||Sa'id b. Qays al-Hamdani|
|Companion of||Imam Ali (a), Imam al-Hasan (a)|
|Wellknown Relatives||'Abd al-Rahman (son)|
|Place(s) of Residence||Medina, Ray, Kufa|
|Activities||Attending in the battles of Nahawand, Jamal and Siffin, ruler of Rey|
Saʿīd b. Qays al-Hamdānī (Arabic: سعید بن قَیس الهَمْدانی) was a companion of Imam Ali (a) and Imam al-Hasan (a). He exhibited gallantry in battles of Jamal and Siffin, and killed many prominent warriors in Mu'awiya b. Abi Sufyan's army. Sa'id was always trusted by Imam Ali (a). The Imam (a) composed a poem praising Sa'id and confirming his righteousness. He was a narrator of hadiths from Imam Ali (a).
After the martyrdom of Imam Ali (a), he accompanied Imam al-Hasan (a) and was highly regarded of by him. One of his sons, 'Abd al-Rahman, was the agent of al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi in Mosul and died in the army of al-Mukhtar.
Lineage and Tribe
Sa'id was from the clan, Banu Zayd b. Marib, and the Yemeni tribe of Hamdan in Iraq. He was the head of the tribe.
- Attending the Battle of Nahawand in 21/641.
- The rule of Rey as a representative of Sa'id b. al-'As, 'Uthman b. 'Affan's agent in Kufa. After 'Uthman's murder, he went to Medina.
- The commandership of the cavalries of the Hamdan tribe in Imam 'Ali's (a) army in the Battle of Jamal.
- The commandership of the Rajraja army, Himyaris, and militias of the Hamdan tribe in Imam 'Ali's (a) army in the Battle of Siffin.
- He objected to the Arbitration after the Battle of Siffin but he finally accepted it and was one of the Imam's (a) witnesses on the arbitration pact. When the arbitration was announced, Imam 'Ali (a) departed for Syria in order to fight Mu'awiya. Sa'id b. Qays declared that he and his tribe will attend the battle.
- The commandership of an army sent by Imam 'Ali (a) to resist the aggressions of Sufyan b. 'Awf al-Ghamidi to al-Anbar.
- The Imam's (a) representative for talks with Khawarij.
- After Imam 'Ali's (a) martyrdom, Sa'id b. Qays accompanied Imam al-Hasan (a) and was highly regarded of by him. When Imam al-Hasan (a) sent his 12000 army to combat Mu'awiya under the commandership of 'Ubayd Allah b. al-'Abbas, he appointed Sa'id b. Qays as one of his counselors and the second (or the third) successor of 'Ubayd Allah.
In Imam 'Ali (a)'s Words
Sa'id's and his tribe's gallantry in the Battle of Siffin motivated Imam 'Ali (a) to compose poems praising him and his tribe, Hamdan. In this poem, Imam 'Ali (a) described Sa'id as a man whose words, deeds and generosity are right and firm. Sa'id narrated hadiths from Imam 'Ali (a).
Sa'id b. Qays was a courageous, clever, and generous man from Arabs. He composed poems. Some historians reported his paeans in battles of Jamal and Siffin. He was a good speaker and orator. In the Battle of Siffin, he gave an influential speech to encourage his men to follow Imam 'Ali (a). In the speech, he praised Imam 'Ali (a) and reproached Mu'awiya.
Sa'id had a son, called 'Abd al-Rahman, who was al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi's agent in Mosul. He died in 66/685 in al-Mukhtar's army. His other son, 'Amr, was also in al-Mukhtar's army.
It seems that Sa'id had other children who resided in Yemen, since the Sa'id in Household in Bayt Zud (Yemen) is attributed to Sa'id b. Qays.
It is not known when Sa'id died. Although al-Zirikli reported that he died in about 50/670, Ibn Kalbi's account shows that he was alive a long time after that.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from سعید_بن_قیس_همدانی in Farsi Wikishia.