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Shabib b. 'Abd Allah al-Nahshali

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Companion of Imam (a)
Shabib b. 'Abd Allah al-Nahshali
Darih of Imam al-Husayn & the grave of martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Full Name Shabib b. 'Abd Allah al-Nahshali al-Basri
Companion of Imam Ali (a), Imam al-Hasan (a), Imam al-Husayn (a)
Lineage Banu Taym
Death/Martyrdom 61/680, Karbala
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial Place The Holy Shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a)
Activities Attending the battles of Jamal, Siffin, and Nahrawan

Shabīb b. ʿAbd Allāh al-Nahshalī (Arabic:شَبيب بن عَبدُ الله النَّهشَلي) was among the Tabi'un and the companions of Imam Ali (a) and participated in the battles of Jamal, Siffin, and Nahrawan. After Imam Ali (a) was martyred, he was among the companions of Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a).

Name and Lineage

Shabib b. 'Abd Allah al-Nahshali al-Basri was considered to be from Banu Nahshal, a branch of Banu Taym.

In some contemporary books in Persian, he is introduced as the slave of Harith b. Sari' al-Hamadani who went to Karbala together with Sayf b. Harith and Malik b. 'Abd Allah b. Sari'. But, this is incompatible with the reports which suggest that he was with Imam (a) from Medina. However, Mamaqani believed that he was someone other than Shabib b. 'Abd Allah Harith b. Sari' al-Kufi.

Muhammad Mahdi Shams al-Din has mentioned that Habib b. 'Abd Allah was one of the Martyrs of Karbala and also mentioned this probability that Shabib b. 'Abd Allah al-Nahshali would be the one who has also been referred to as Habib b. 'Abd Allah or Abu 'Amr al-Nahshali.

At the Time of Imam Ali (a)

Shabib was among the Followers of the Prophet (s) and the companions of Imam Ali (a) and participated in the battles of Jamal, Siffin and Nahrawan. After Imam Ali (a) was martyred, he was among the companions of Imam al-Hasan (a) and stayed with him. At the time of Imam al-Husayn (a), he was among his companions.

In the Event of Karbala

When Imam al-Husayn (a) first went from Medina to Mecca and then moved toward Karbala, Shabib was with Imam (a). On the Day of 'Ashura, Shabib was martyred in the first attack of the enemy while fighting with them.

In the Ziyara al-Shuhada, he has been mentioned as, "Peace be upon Shabib b. 'Abd Allah al-Nahshali."

References