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Abu Bakr b. al-Imam al-Hasan (a)

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Descendant of Imam
Abu Bakr b. al-Imam al-Hasan (a)
Darih of Imam al-Husayn & the grave of martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Burial Place of most of the martyrs of the Battle of Karbala, near the holy grave of Imam al-Husayn (a) in his shrine
Father Imam al-Hasan (a)
Mother Ramla
Place(s) of Residence Medina
Demise Martyred on 'Ashura 61/680
Place of Burial Karbala

Abū Bakr b. Ḥasan b. ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib (a) (martyrdom: 'Ashura 61/680) was among the children of Imam al-Hasan (a) who was martyred after his brother, al-Qasim, by 'Abd Allah b. 'Uqba al-Ghanawi.

Name and Lineage

Abu Bakr was son of Imam Hasan b. Ali (a) and his mother was a bondswoman.[1] Some believe that he and Qasim b. al-Hasan were from one mother[2] who is mentioned as Ramla.[3] He was martyred on the day of 'Ashura together with his brothers 'Abd Allah and Qasim.[4]

In some sources, there is a mistake and he has been mentioned as Abu Bakr b. al-Husayn.[5]

Event of Karbala

On the day of 'Ashura, Abu Bakr was martyred after his brother Qasim b. al-Hasan[6] by an arrow shot by 'Abd Allah b. 'Uqba al-Ghanawi.[7] His name is mentioned in Ziyarah al-Nahiya al-Muqaddasa (non-famous) and Ziyara Rajabiyya and in Ziyarah of al-Nahiya al-Muqaddasa, his murderer has been cursed.[8] The poems of Sulayman b. Qatah elegizing for the martyrs of Karbala mentions the martyrdom of one of the companions of Imam al-Husayn (a) by a person from Ghanawi tribe which is probably referring to the story of Abu Bakr b. Hasan who was martyred by 'Abd Allah b. 'Aqaba:

"In the tribe of Ghani, there is a blood of us and one day we will take revenge from them."[9]

However, in some sources, Harmala b. Kahil al-Asadi has been introduced as his murderer.[10]

Notes

  1. Abū l-Faraj al-Iṣfahānī, Maqātil al-ṭālibīyyīn, p. 92; Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 5, p. 468.
  2. Abū l-Faraj al-Iṣfahānī, Maqātil al-ṭālibīyyīn, p. 92.
  3. Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿiyn, p. 72.
  4. Masʿūdī, Murūj al-dhahab, vol. 3, p. 61-62; Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 5, p. 468.
  5. Ibn Athīr, al-Kāmil fī l-tārīkh, vol. 4, p. 75; Ibn Saʿd, al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā, vol. 1, p. 476, 470.
  6. Abū l-Faraj al-Iṣfahānī, Maqātil al-ṭālibīyyīn, p. 92; Dīnawarī, Akhbār al-ṭiwāl, p. 257.
  7. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 3, p. 201; Dīnawarī, Akhbār al-ṭiwāl, p. 257.
  8. Ibn Ṭāwūs, Iqbāl al-aʿmāl, p. 574; Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 45, p. 65; vol. 98, p. 269.
  9. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 3, p. 220; Ibn Saʿd, al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā, vol. 1, p. 511.
  10. Ibn Athīr, al-Kāmil fī l-tārīkh, vol. 4, p. 92.

References

  • Abū l-Faraj al-Iṣfahānī, ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn. Maqātil al-ṭālibīyyīn. Edited by Sayyid Aḥmad Ṣaqar. Beirut: Dār al-Maʿrifa, [n.d].
  • Balādhurī, Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā al-. Ansāb al-ashrāf. Edited by Muḥammad Bāqir Maḥmūdī. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1977.
  • Dīnawarī, Aḥmad b. Dāwūd. Akhbār al-ṭiwāl. Edited by ʿAbd al-Munʿim ʿĀmir. Qom: Manshūrāt al-Raḍī, 1368 Sh.
  • Ibn Athīr, ʿAlī b. Muḥammad. Al-Kāmil fī l-tārīkh. Beirut: Dār al-Ṣādir, 1385 AH.
  • Ibn Saʿd, Muḥammad b. Manīʿ al-Baṣrī. Al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā. Edited by Muḥammad b. Ṣāmil al-Salmī. Ta'if: Maktabat al-Ṣiddīq, 1414 AH.
  • Ibn Ṭāwūs, ʿAli b. Mūsā. Iqbāl al-aʿmāl. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1367 AH.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Wafāʾ, 1404 AH.
  • Masʿūdī, ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn al-. Murūj al-dhahab wa maʿādin al-jawhar. Edited by Asʿad Dāghir. Second edition. Qom: Dār al-Hijra, 1409 AH.
  • Samāwī, Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir al-. Ibṣār al-ʿiyn fī anṣār al-Ḥusayn. Qom: Dānishgāh-i Shahīd Maḥallātī, 1419 AH.
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-. Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk. Edited by Muḥammad Abū l-Faḍl Ibrāhīm. Beirut: Dār al-Turāth, 1387 AH.