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Al-Hasan al-Muthanna

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Descendant of Imam
Al-Hasan al-Muthanna
Role The Custodian of Properties Endowed by Imam Ali (a)
Name Hasan b. al-Hasan b. Ali b. Abi Talib
Father Imam al-Hasan (a)
Mother Khawla bt. Manzur b. Zabban Fazari
Place(s) of Residence Medina
Spouse(s) Fatima bt. al-Husayn b. 'Ali
Children 'Abd Allah Mahd, Ibrahim 'Amr, and Hasan Muthallath
Demise He was alive in 85/705-706
Place of Burial Baqi' cemetery, Medina

Ḥasan b. Ḥasan b. ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: حسن‌ بن‌ حسن‌ بن‌ علي بن ابي طالب) known as Ḥasan al-Muthannā (Arabic: حسن المثنّی) was the son of Imam al-Hasan (a) and one of the noblemen of Alawites. In the Event of Karbala, he was a member of Imam al-Husayn's (a) army. Although he was injured in the day of 'Ashura, he was not killed through the intercession of one of his maternal relatives; and after recovering from injuries, he returned from Kufa to Medina. He was in charge of alms given by Imam 'Ali (a). He took part in the rebellion of 'Abd al-Rahman b. Muhammad against Hajjaj b. Yusuf. There are disagreements among scholars whether Hasan al-Muthanna claimed to be an Imam.

Lineage and Kunya

His father was Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba (a). His mother was Khawla bt. Manzur b. Zabban al-Fazari. After the death of her husband (36 AH), Muhammad b. Talha b. 'Ubayd Allah, in the Battle of Jamal, Khawla married Imam al-Hasan (a).

His kunya was Abu Muhammad.

Family tree of Ahl al-Bayt (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Khadija
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lady Fatima
 
 
 
Imam Ali
 
 
 
 
Umm al-Banin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Husayn
 
Imam al-Hasan
 
Lady Zaynab
 
Umm Kulthum
 
Muhsin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Abd Allah
 
Uthman
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
'Awn
 
Ali
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Umm Kulthum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Hasan
 
Al-Qasim
 
'Abd Allah
 
Fatima
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
'Abd Allah
 
Zaynab
 
Ibrahim
 
Al-Hasan
 
al-Hasan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
Ibrahim
 
 
Idris
 
 
 
Nafisa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sajjad
 
'Ali al-Akbar
 
 
'Ali al-Asghar
 
 
Fatima
 
Sukayna
 
Ruqayya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Baqir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sadiq
 
'Abd Allah
 
Ibrahim
 
'Ubayd Allah
 
'Ali
 
Yahya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Kazim
 
Muhammad
 
Ali
 
Ishaq
 
Umm Farwa
 
'Abd Allah
 
Isma'il
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Rida
 
Ma'suama
 
Hamza
 
Ishaq
 
Ahmad
 
Ibrahim
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Jawad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Hadi
 
 
Musa
 
 
 
 
Fatima
 
 
 
Hakima
 
 
 
Amama
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari
 
 
Husayn
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Mahdi
 
 


Wife and children

His wife was his cousin, Fatima, the daughter of Imam al-Husayn (a). They got married before the Event of 'Ashura.

His sons whose mother was Fatima, the daughter of Imam al-Husayn (a), were 'Abd Allah Mahd, Ibrahim 'Amr, and Hasan Muthallath, all of whom passed away in the prison of Abu Ja'far Mansur, the Abbasid caliph.

His grandchildren, specially sons of 'Abd Allah b. Hasan, who himself was a literate and knowledgeable man, such as Muhammad known as Nafs Zakiyya and Ibrahim known as Qatil Bakhamra, led important movements against the Abbasids.

Taking part in the Battle of Karbala

Hasan al-Muthanna was present in the Event of Karbala. Ahmad b. Ibrahim Hasani, in a tradition quoted from Abu Mikhnaf, has said that his age at that time was nineteen or twenty.

On the day of 'Ashura, he bravely fought beside Imam al-Husayn (a) and was injured and captive. His maternal uncle, Asma' b. Kharijah Fazari, saved him. He was cured in Kufa; and after recovering, he returned to Medina.

Transmitting Hadiths

Hasan al-Muthanna has quoted hadiths from his father, Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba (a) and some others.

The Custodian of Properties Endowed by Imam Ali (a)

According to Imam Ali's (a) will, Hasan al-Muthanna was the custodian of alms given by Imam (a) and the properties he (a) had endowed in Medina.

When Hajjaj b. Yusuf al-Thaqafi was the ruler of Medina, he wanted Hasan al-Muthanna to let 'Umar b. Ali help him in custodianship of alms, because 'Umar was Hasan al-Muthanna's uncle. But, since only the children of Lady Fatima (a) have the right to hold custodianship of alms[1], he refused Hajjah's request. Hajjaj went to Syria to 'Abd al-Malik b. Marwan, the Umayyad caliph; and the caliph prevented Hajjaj from that.

Hasan al-Muthanna put his son, 'Abd Allah, in charge of custodianship of alms after his death. But Mansur 'Abbasi imprisoned 'Abd Allah and held custodianship of alms himself.

Cooperation with 'Abd al-Rahman b. Muhammad

When 'Abd al-Rahman b. Muhammad b. Ash'ath Kindi rebelled against Hajjaj b. Yusuf, he intended to call himself the caliph. But because only someone from Quraysh could hold caliphate, he wrote letters to noblemen of Alawites, Imam al-Sajjad (a) and Hasan al-Muthanna, to convince them. Imam al-Sajjad (a) declined his request. Hasan al-Muthanna who thought rebels might break their allegiance, refused to accept caliphate of 'Abd al-Rahman as well. But, after their insistence, finally he became convinced and paid allegiance to him as the caliph. Famous Iraqi scholars such as 'Abd al-Rahman b. Abi Liyli, Sha'bi, Muhammad b. Sirin, and al-Hasan al-Basri paid allegiance to him who was called al-Rida.

According to al-Shaykh al-Mufid, Hasan al-Muthanna never claimed to be an Imam, nor did anyone with similar name claim so.

In Zaydis' references, Hasan al-Muthanna has been mentioned as an Imam.

Death

After the death of Ibn Ash'ath in 85 AH, Hasan al-Muthanna fled. Finally, the agents of Walid b. 'Abd al-Malik poisoned and killed him. They transferred his body to Medina and buried him in Baqi' cemetery.

See also

Notes

  1. 'Umar b. Ali was the son of 'Ali from Umm Habib bt. Rabi'a

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from حسن مثنّی in Farsi Wikishia.