Ishaq b. Ja'far al-Sadiq (a)
|Ishaq b. Ja'far al-Sadiq (a)|
|Father||Imam al-Sadiq (a)|
|Place of Birth||Arid, a village near Medina|
|Place(s) of Residence||Egypt|
|Children||Muhammad, al-Hasan, and al-Husayn|
|Place of Burial||Egypt|
Isḥāq b. Jaʿfar (Arabic: اسحاق بن جعفر) well-known as al-Mu'taman (المؤتمن) was the son of Imam al-Sadiq (a). He was a virtuous, benefactor, devotee, and pious man. Many hadiths has been narrated from him. He believed in Imamate of his brother, Imam al-Kazim (a) and also nephew, Imam al-Rida (a). His wife was Sayyida Nafisa, the daughter of al-Hasan b. Zayd b. Imam al-Hasan (a). It is said that he was buried in Egypt.
His teknonym was Aba Muhammad and due to his fame in trusteeship, he was called "al-Mu'taman". His father was Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (a) and his mother was Hamida. He was the full brother of Imam Musa al-Kazim (a) and born in Arid a village near Medina.
|Family tree of Ahl al-Bayt (a)|
Marriage to Sayyida Nafisa
- Main article: Sayyida Nafisa
Ishaq married to Nafisa the daughter of al-Hasan b. Zayd b. al-Hasan. About the proposal of Ishaq for Nafisa and his marriage to her, it is said that at first al-Hasan b. Zayd did not agree with this marriage, but in one night, he dreamed the Prophet (s) and he (s) ordered him to agree with this marriage.
There is a disagreement about the number of Ishaq's children. Some mentioned them three and some mentioned them more. In total, his children were Muhammad, Hasan, Husayn, Ja'far and Qasim and his daughter, Umm Kulthum.
Qasim and Umm Kulthum were his children after his marriage to Sayyida Nafisa.
Immigration to Egypt
In 193/809, Ishaq went to Egypt with his wife, Nafisa. When people were informed about their coming, went to welcome them. About this journey, it is mentioned in Nasikh al-tawarikh that his affairs and his position became great and he became the refuge for the people who loved him. Ishaq stayed in the house of a businessman called Jamal al-Din b. Abd Allah b. Jassas and after some months, moved to the house of Umm Hani and later went to the house of Abu l-Saraya Ayyub b. Sabir. Some writers wrote that people's reception of him was so great that the lady thought that the neighbors would be annoyed and decided to leave Egypt. People asked the governor of Egypt to accommodate them and he provided them with a residence.
The exact year of Ishaq's demise is not known, but they say that he died after the demise of his wife Nafisa. Nafisa Khatun became ill in 208/823 and passed away in that year. During the days of his wife's illness, Ishaq was in Medina and when he arrived in Egypt, Nafisa had already passed away. He decided to take his wife's body to Medina, but the people of Egypt asked him to bury her body in Egypt. They went to the governor and asked him to convince Ishaq not to take the body of Sayyida Nafisah to Medina. It did not work, so people gathered many goods and gave Ishaq and asked him to accept their request. Ishaq did not accept it, but it is said that he had a dream in which the Prophet (s) ordered him not to accept those goods, but accept to bury his wife there, and thus he accepted people's request.
It is said that after burying Nafisa, Ishaq stayed in Egypt until the end of his life. He passed away and was buried there.
It is said that Ishaq's appearance was similar to the Prophet Muhammad (s).
Also it is said that he was called Ishaq al-Hazin (the sad) because he never laughed in front of people.
He believed in the imamate of his brother, Musa b. Ja'far (a) and narrated some hadiths from his father regarding the imamate of his brother. Yet, after the demise of Imam al-Sadiq (a), a group of people called him Imam and refused Imamate of Imam Musa al-Kazim (a).
- The material of this article is mainly taken from اسحاق بن جعفر in Farsi WikiShia.