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Durust b. Abi Mansur

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Companion of Imam (a)
Durust b. Abi Mansur
Full Name Durust b. Abi Mansur al-Wasiti
Companion of Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Kazim (a)
Place of Birth Wasit
Works an asl

Durust b. Abī Manṣūr al-Wāsiṭī (Arabic: درست بن أبي منصور الواسطي) is a Shi'a narrator of the 2nd/8th century and a companion of Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Kazim (a). He also has narrated hadith from the eminent Shi'a muhaddiths. Some members of people of consensus such as: Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Bazanti, al-Hasan b. Mahbub, 'Abd Allah b. Bukayr, and Yunus b. 'Abd al-Rahman have narrated hadith from him. Although he is accused of being a Waqifi, he is counted among the reliable narrators. Some of the hadiths that he has narrated are found in the Four Books. In addition, a book is also narrated from him.

Name

His name is mentioned as Durust b. Abi Mansur in most of the chains of narrations [Durust means "correct" in Persian]. Al-Najashi has recorded his name as Durust b. Abi Mansur Muhammad al-Wasiti. Some have concluded from the phrase of al-Najashi that his name was Muhamamd and Durust was his epithet, on the contrast some other have concluded that Muhammad was the name of his father. He was related to the city of Wasit; thus he was called "al-Wasiti". Al-'Allama al-Hilli mistakenly recorded his father's name as al-Mansur.

Birth and Demise

There is no information about his birth of demise date. However, as he was a companion of Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Kazim (a), he lived in the 2nd century.

Authenticity

Some say that he was Waqifi and thus he is a Da'if (weak) narrator. Bihbahani says it is doubtful that he was Waqifi and narration of Ibn Abi 'Umayr from him shows that he was a reliable (Thiqa) narrator.

Moreover, faqihs have trusted the hadiths narrated by him and issued fatwas based on these hadiths. Al-Khoei says the narration of Ali b. Husayn al-Tatari from him and being mentioned in the chains of narrators in Tafsir al-Qummi prove that he was a reliable (Thiqa) narrator.

Nevertheless, some believe that this evidence does not contradict with the fact that he was Waqifi.

In al-Kutub al-Arba'a

About 140 hadiths have been narrated from him in al-Kutub al-Arba'a (the Four Books). In addition, some hadiths are narrated from him in other hadith books, such as: al-Mahasin, written by al-Barqi, Basa'ir al-darajat, written by Saffar al-Qummi, al-Amali, written by al-Shaykh al-Saduq.

Narrators

Except for a few hadiths that he has narrated directly from Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Kazim (a), he has narrated the rest via the renowned companions of Imam al-Baqir (a), Imam al-Sadiq (a) or Imam al-Kazim (a). Some of them are as follow:

Four members of Ashab al-Ijma': Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Bazanti, Hasan b. Mahbub, 'Abd Allah b. Bukayr and Yunus b. 'Abd al-Rahman, and other Muhaddiths have narrated hadith from him.

Works

Durust had a book that al-Najashi and al-Tusi have mentioned their path to it. Al-Shaykh al-Saduq also mentioned his path to the book in al-Mashyakha.

Probably this book is the main book that is called al-Usul al-sitat 'ashar, after that 15 Asls were added to it. Al-Majlisi did not mention the Asl of Durust and did not quote anything from it; perhaps the manuscripts of al-Usul al-sitat 'ashar that was available at his time did not contain this Asl. Mahmudi says it is likely that the seller of these manuscripts have removed the incomplete version of this Asl from the beginning of al-Usul al-sitat 'ashar to hide the flaw of these manuscripts. The first person who added this Asl to al-Usul al-sitat 'ashar again is Nasr Allah Qazwini. He put this Asl at beginning of al-Usul al-sitat 'ashar and probably at its original place, as the evidence and the date of transcription prove this.

This Asl consists of 62 hadiths about fiqh, ethics, theology and exegesis of the Qur'an. Only two of these hadiths is narrated form Durust in other Shi'a hadith sources, although about one third of these hadiths are narrated form other narrators in hadith books.

Hadiths

Narrated hadiths from Durust are mostly jurisprudential and relate to different topics, such as: ghusl, salat, zakat, hajj, marriage and inheritance.

However, some hadiths about theology, ethics, history, etiquettes of eating, food properties, merits of Suras and exegesis of the Qur'an have been narrated form him.

References