Bukayr b. A'yan
|Bukayr b. A'yan|
His tomb in Damghan
|Full Name||Bukayr b. A'yan b. Sunsun al-Shaybani al-Kufi|
|Companion of||Imam al-Baqir (a), Imam al-Sadiq (a)|
|Wellknown Relatives||Zurara b. A'yan, Humran b. A'yan (brothers)|
Abū Jahm Bukayr b. Aʿyan b. Sunsun al-Shaybānī al-Kūfī (Arabic:أبوجَهم بُکَیر بن أعیَن بن سُنْسُن الشَیبانی الکُوفی) is one of the most famous companions of Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a). His family, Al A'yan is among the first and most important Shi'a families in Kufa. From the 2nd/8th to the 4th/10th century - the beginning of the Major Occultation - some of his descendants were among the eminent faqihs and Muhaddiths. The most famous of them are 'Abd Allah b. Bukayr and Abu Ghalib al-Zurari.
- 1 Companion of Imams
- 2 Narrated Hadiths
- 3 Narrators of His Hadiths
- 4 Descendants
- 4.1 'Abd al-Hamid b. Bukayr
- 4.2 'Umar b. Bukayr
- 4.3 'Abd al-A'la b. Bukayr
- 4.4 Zayd b. Bukayr and Jahm b. Bukayr
- 4.5 Sons of 'Abd al-Hamid b. Bukayr
- 4.6 Hasan b. Jahm b. Bukayr
- 4.7 Husayn b. Jahm b. Bukayr
- 4.8 Ali b. Jahm b. Bukayr
- 4.9 Muhammad b. Hasan b. Jahm b. Bukayr
- 4.10 Sulayman b. Hasan b. Jahm b. Bukayr
- 4.11 Muhammad b. Sulayman
- 4.12 Ali b. Sulayman al-Zurari
- 4.13 Ja'far b. Sulayman al-Zurari
- 4.14 Other Sons of Sulayman
- 5 Demise and Tomb
- 6 References
Companion of Imams
Although Bukayr is not mentioned among the companions of Imam al-Sajjad (a), his narration from Imam al-Sajjad (a) shows that he was a companion of him as well.
Narrators of His Hadiths
In some chain of narrators, Muhaddiths like Ibn Abi 'Umayr have narrated from Bukayr. However, because there is a long interval between them, some rijal scholars have studied these chains of narrators and cleared up the problem.
Bukayr descendants are known as "Bukayriyyun" or "Wuld Jahm" or - most commonly - al-Zurari (related to Zurara b. A'yan, Bukayr's brother). According to Abu Ghalib, they were known as al-Zurari because the mother of Hasan b. Jahm b. Bukayr was a descendant of Zurara b. A'yan. Perhaps, mentioning this title in the tawqi's of Imam al-Hadi (a) to Sulayman b. Jahm was very effective in spreading it.
Some of his descendants who are known for their fiqh and Hadith are:
'Abd al-Hamid b. Bukayr
'Abd al-Hamid b. Bukayr is one of the companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Kazim (a). He has narrated directly from them and sometimes via 'Abd al-Malik b. Bukayr or Muhammad b. Muslim. Narrators such as Muhammad b. Abi 'Umayr, Safwan b. Yahya, Hasan b. Mahbub and Yunus b. 'Abd al-Rahman have narrated hadiths from him.
'Umar b. Bukayr
'Umar b. Bukayr is a companion of Imam al-Sadiq (a).
'Abd al-A'la b. Bukayr
Zayd b. Bukayr and Jahm b. Bukayr
Sons of 'Abd al-Hamid b. Bukayr
Hasan b. Jahm b. Bukayr
Hasan b. Jahm b. Bukayr is one of the companions of Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Rida (a). He is a reliable narrator that has narrated hadiths from great Muhaddiths, such as: Bukayr b. A'yan, 'Abd Allah b. Bukayr, Hammad b. 'Uthman and Fudayl b. Yasar. Narrators such as Ahamd b. Muhammad b. 'Isa, Hasan b. Ali b. Faddal, Ali b. Asbat, Muhammad b. Isma'il and Muhammad b. 'Abd al-Hamid have narrated hadiths form him. One hundred twenty three hadiths, that are mostly jurisprudential, have been narrated form him.
Husayn b. Jahm b. Bukayr
Ali b. Jahm b. Bukayr
Ali b. Jahm b. Bukayr is one of the companions of Imam al-Kazim (a).
Muhammad b. Hasan b. Jahm b. Bukayr
There is doubt whether he was among the companions of Imam al-Kazim (a) or Imam al-Rida (a). There are a few Hadiths narrated by him.
Sulayman b. Hasan b. Jahm b. Bukayr
Sulayman b. Hasan b. Jahm b. Bukayr, known as Abu Ghalib al-Zurari, is one of the great Shi'a figures. He was related to Al Tahir through his mother, therefore he moved with them to Neyshabur and after that Al Tahir returned from Khurasan, he went back to Kufa. For years, the neighborhood that he lived in was known as Al Zurara Shi'a neighborhood.
Muhammad b. Sulayman
Muhammad b. Sulayman, known as Abu Tahir al-Zurari (b. 237/851-52 - d. 301/913-14) is one of the reliable (Thiqa) narrators who had correspondence with Imam Hasan al-'Askari (a). Al-Adab wa l-mawa'iz and al-Du'a are his works. He transmitted the books of some companions of the Imams (a) to later generations. According to al-Zurari and al-Shaykh al-Tusi, he was a close companion of Imam al-Mahdi (a) as well and some Tawqi's have been issued for him. Abu Ghalib's descendants, Muhammad b. 'Ubayd Allah b. Ahmad was also known as Abu Tahir; thus in some chains of narrators he was confused with Muhammad b. Sulayman.
Ali b. Sulayman al-Zurari
Abu l-Hasan Ali b. Sulayman al-Zurari is a Shi'a faqihs and Muhaddith who was very close to Imam al-Mahdi (a). He has even received some Tawqi's from Imam al-Mahdi (a). Al-Nawadir is his book.
Ja'far b. Sulayman al-Zurari
He is counted among the companions of Imam al-Hadi (a).
Other Sons of Sulayman
Moreover, three sons of Sulayman named: Ahmad, Hasan and Husayn are mentioned in Risala fi Al A'yan (a treatise about the family of A'yan), written by al-Zurari.
Demise and Tomb
Bukayr passed away during the lifetime of Imam al-Sadiq (a). After his demise Imam al-Sadiq (a) said, "God place him between his Apostle (a) and Amir al-Mu'minin (a)." In another occasion when Imam al-Sadiq (a) remembered him, he said, "God bless Bukayr, and by God, He did."
A domed shrine in Damghan, Iran is attributed to him. According to the inscription on the iwan of the shrine, the person buried there was a close companions of Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a) and passed away in 156/773. Mutallib Khan, the governor of Damghan, built a shrine with a roughly 3-meter high dome over his grave. The shrine is highly respected and visited by scholars and people of Damghan as Ziyara. Nowadays it is located in Shuhada street and a big, magnificent mosque called Masjid al-Nabi has been built next to it.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from بکیر بن اعین in Farsi WikiShia.