Al-Fudayl b. Yasar
|Al-Fudayl b. Yasar|
|Full Name||Al-Fudayl b. Yasar al-Nahdi al-Basri|
|Companion of||Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a)|
|Kunya||Abu l-Qasim, Abu Miswar|
|Epithet||Al-Nahdi, Faqih of Shi'a|
|Well Known As||Al-Nahdi|
|Birth||Late 1st/7th century|
|Place of Birth||Kufa|
|Place(s) of Residence||Kufa, Basra|
|Death/Martyrdom||Mid 2nd/8th century|
|Activities||People of Consensus|
Al-Fuḍayl b. Yasār (Arabic: الفُضَیل بن یَسار) (fl. 2nd/8th century), was a companion of Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a) and one of the People of Consensus. The scholars of rijal have regarded al-Fudayl as a jurist, exegete, and a reliable hadith transmitter.
He passed away at the time of Imam al-Sadiq (a), and the Imam described him as "one of us, Ahl al-Bayt."
Al-Fudayl belonged to the Yemeni tribe Banu Nahd—hence, his famous epithet al-Nahdi.
His date of birth is not known, but he was born in the late first/seventh century in Kufa.
We do not know much about his life, but he lived in Kufa in the early stage of his life, then migrated to Basra – hence, the epithet al-Basri.
His eldest son was called al-Qasim, so al-Fudayl's kunya was Abu l-Qasim. He is also called Abu Miswar in some sources.
|People of Consensus
The scholars of rijal have counted al-Fudayl among the companions of Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a). Not only he is regarded as a reliable hadith transmitter but also as one of the People of Consensus, whose reliability was agreed upon by all Shia scholars.
Teachers and Students
The name of al-Fudayl b. Yasar appears in the chains of transmission of more than 254 hadiths. He quoted hadiths from Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a) directly. Also, he narrated some hadiths from Zakariyya b. 'Abd Allah al-Naqqaz and 'Abd al-Wahid Mukhtar al-Ansari
Many people quoted hadith from al-Fudayl, some of whom are the following:
In the Eyes of the Imams (a)
According to rijal sources, al-Fudayl b. Yasar had a special place in the eyes of the Imams (a), especially Imam al-Sadiq (a) who reportedly called al-Fudayl "one of us, Ahl al-Bayt." According to another hadith, whenever Imam al-Sadiq (a) looked at al-Fudayl, he would say,
- "Whoever would like to see a man from the people of Paradise should look at this man."
Al-Fudayl passed away at the time of Imam al-Sadiq (a), though the exact date of his demise is not known. No information is available as to his exact burial place, but since there is no report indicating his leaving Basra, he probably passed away there. When the news of his demise reached Imam al-Sadiq (a), the Imam is reported to have said,
- "May Allah have mercy on al-Fudayl b. Yasar! He is one of us, Ahl al-Bayt."
- The materila for this article is mainly taken from فضیل بن یسار in Farsi WikiShia.