Muhammad b. Muslim al-Thaqafi
|Muhammad b. Muslim al-Thaqafi|
|Companion of||Imam al-Baqir (a), Imam al-Sadiq (a), Imam al-Kazim (a)|
|Epithet||al-Awqas • al-A'war • al-Haddaj • al-Kufi ...|
|Place of Birth||Kufa|
|Place(s) of Residence||Kufa, Medina|
|Works||al-Arba'mi'a mas'ala fi abwab al-halal wa l-haram|
|Activities||One of the People of Consensus|
Muḥammad b. Muslim al-Thaqafī al-Kūfī (Arabic: محمد بن مسلم الثقفي الکوفي) (d. 150/767-768) was a prominent companion of Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a) and one of the People of Consensus (Ashab al-ijma'). The scholars of rijal regard him as the most learned jurist among Shi'a hadith transmitters. According to a hadith from Imam al-Sadiq (a), Muhammad b. Muslim was one of the revivers of the teachings of Imam al-Baqir (a).
|People of Consensus
In rijal sources, several epithets has been attributed to him, including al-Awqas, al-A'war, al-Haddaj, al-Qasir, al-Tahhan, al-Samman, al-Ta'ifi, and al-Thaqafi.
Muhammad b. Muslim studied under Imam al-Baqir (a) in Medina for four years. According to a report, Imam al-Sadiq (a) counted Muhammad b. Muslim among the trustees of his father, Imam al-Baqir (a), in matters of religion and a protector of Shiism. Imam al-Sadiq (a) would refer the people who were not able to stay in contact with himself to Muhammad b. Muslim.
He heard thirty-thousand hadiths from Imam al-Baqir (a) and sixteen thousand hadiths from Imam al-Sadiq (a).
In the Viewpoint of Scholars
Scholars of rijal have regarded Muhammad b. Muslim as one of the People of Consensus.
Al-Najashi describes Muhammad as "the noblest companion," the "most trustworthy person," and "a righteous jurist."
Al-Shaykh al-Tusi counts him among the companion of Imam al-Baqir (a), , and Imam al-Kazim (a). Al-Barqi mentions that Sunnis also quoted hadith from Muhammad, and al-Shaykh al-Mufid regards him as a leading jurist from whom the Shi'a learned fiqh and about whose integrity there is no disagreement.
Teachers and Students
Many hadith transmitters quoted hadith from Muhammad, such as the following:
Muhammad b. Muslim produced a work, entitled al-Arba'mi'a mas'ala fi abwab al-halal wa l-haram, in which four-hundred fiqh problems were discussed.
Muhammad b. Muslim passed away in 150/767-768.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from محمد بن مسلم ثقفی کوفی in Farsi WikiShia.