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Muhammad b. Muslim al-Thaqafi

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Companion of Imam (a)
Muhammad b. Muslim al-Thaqafi
Companion of Imam al-Baqir (a), Imam al-Sadiq (a), Imam al-Kazim (a)
Teknonym Abu Ja'far
Epithet al-Awqas • al-A'war • al-Haddaj • al-Kufi ...
Place of Birth Kufa
Place(s) of Residence Kufa, Medina
Works al-Arba'mi'a mas'ala fi abwab al-halal wa l-haram
Activities One of the People of Consensus

Muḥammad b. Muslim al-Thaqafī al-Kūfī (Arabic: محمد بن مسلم الثقفي الکوفي) (d. 150/767-768) was a prominent companion of Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a) and one of the People of Consensus (Ashab al-ijma'). The scholars of rijal regard him as the most learned jurist among Shi'a hadith transmitters. According to a hadith from Imam al-Sadiq (a), Muhammad b. Muslim was one of the revivers of the teachings of Imam al-Baqir (a).

Biography

People of Consensus

Comapnions of Imam al-Baqir (a)
Zurara b. A'yan
Ma'ruf b. Kharrabudh
Burayd b. Mu'awiya
Abu Basir
al-Fudayl b. Yasar
Muhammad b. Muslim


Companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a)
Jamil b. Darraj
'Abd Allah b. Muskan
'Abd Allah b. Bukayr
Hammad b. 'Uthman
Hammad b. 'Isa
Aban b. 'Uthman


Companions of Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Rida (a)
Yunus b. 'Abd al-Rahman
Safwan b. Yahya
Muhammad b. Abi 'Umayr
Abd Allah b. al-Mughira
Hasan b. Mahbub
Ahmad b. Abi Nasr al-Bazanti

Muhammad b. Muslim was born in Kufa. He was a mawla of the tribe of Thaqif and his kunya was Abu Ja'far.

In rijal sources, several epithets has been attributed to him, including al-Awqas, al-A'war, al-Haddaj, al-Qasir, al-Tahhan, al-Samman, al-Ta'ifi, and al-Thaqafi.

Scholarly Status

Muhammad b. Muslim studied under Imam al-Baqir (a) in Medina for four years. According to a report, Imam al-Sadiq (a) counted Muhammad b. Muslim among the trustees of his father, Imam al-Baqir (a), in matters of religion and a protector of Shiism. Imam al-Sadiq (a) would refer the people who were not able to stay in contact with himself to Muhammad b. Muslim.

According to a hadith, the Imam (a) said about Muhammad that "None of the Shi'a were more knowledgeable in fiqh than Muhammad b. Muslim."

It is reported that great Sunni figures such as Abu Hanifa would refer to him in scholarly issues.

He heard thirty-thousand hadiths from Imam al-Baqir (a) and sixteen thousand hadiths from Imam al-Sadiq (a).

In the Viewpoint of Scholars

Scholars of rijal have regarded Muhammad b. Muslim as one of the People of Consensus.

Al-Najashi describes Muhammad as "the noblest companion," the "most trustworthy person," and "a righteous jurist."

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi counts him among the companion of Imam al-Baqir (a), , and Imam al-Kazim (a). Al-Barqi mentions that Sunnis also quoted hadith from Muhammad, and al-Shaykh al-Mufid regards him as a leading jurist from whom the Shi'a learned fiqh and about whose integrity there is no disagreement.

Teachers and Students

Muhammad b. Muslim quoted hadith from Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a) directly. He also quoted hadith from the prominent companions of the Infallibles (a) such as

Many hadith transmitters quoted hadith from Muhammad, such as the following:

Works

Muhammad b. Muslim produced a work, entitled al-Arba'mi'a mas'ala fi abwab al-halal wa l-haram, in which four-hundred fiqh problems were discussed.

Demise

Muhammad b. Muslim passed away in 150/767-768.

References