'Awn b. 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far al-Tayyar

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Companion of Imam (a)
'Awn b. 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far al-Tayyar
Darih of Imam al-Husayn & the grave of martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Burial Place of most of the martyrs of the Battle of Karbala, near the holy grave of Imam al-Husayn (a) in his shrine
Full Name 'Awn b. 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far b. Abi Talib b. 'Abd al-Muttalib
Companion of Imam al-Husayn (a)
Epithet 'Awn al-Akbar
Lineage Banu Hashim
Wellknown Relatives Imam Ali (a) (cousin), Lady Fatima (a) (cousin), Lady Zaynab (a) (mother), Imam al-Hasan (a) (uncle), Imam al-Husayn (a) (uncle), 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far (father)
Place of Birth Medina
Place(s) of Residence Medina
Death/Martyrdom 61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Event of Ashura
Burial Place Holy Shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a), Karbala
Activities Participating in the Event of Karbala

ʿAwn b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Jaʿfar (Arabic: عون بن عبدالله بن جعفر بن ابی طالب ) known as ʿAwn al-Akbar (عون الاکبر), was son of Lady Zaynab (a) who was martyred in Karbala. Following the advice of his father, 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far, both he and his brother Muhammad accompanied Imam al-Husayn (a) and they were martyred in Karbala on the Day of 'Ashura.

His Name and Lineage

His father was 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far b. Abi Talib b. 'Abd al-Muttalib was among the companions of the Prophet (s). 'Awn's grandfather was Ja'far al-Tayyar who was chosen by the Prophet (s) as the chief of Muslims in their migration to Abyssinia. 'Awn's mother was Lady Zaynab (a), daughter of Imam Ali (a) and Lady Fatima (a).

'Abd Allah had two sons called 'Awn: 'Awn al-Akbar whose mother was Lady Zaynab (a) and 'Awn al-Asghar whose mother was Jamana, daughter of Musayyib b. Najba one of the commanders of Tawwabun Uprising. There is a disagreement which one of 'Abd Allah's two sons attended in the Tragedy of Karbala, but it is famous that 'Awn al-Akbar was martyred in Karbala and 'Awn al-Asghar was martyred in the Event of Harra in Medina.

Family tree of Ahl al-Bayt (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Khadija
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lady Fatima
 
 
 
Imam Ali
 
 
 
 
Umm al-Banin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Husayn
 
Imam al-Hasan
 
Lady Zaynab
 
Umm Kulthum
 
Muhsin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Abd Allah
 
Uthman
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
'Awn
 
Ali
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Umm Kulthum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Hasan
 
Al-Qasim
 
'Abd Allah
 
Fatima
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
'Abd Allah
 
Zaynab
 
Ibrahim
 
Al-Hasan
 
Hasan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
Ibrahim
 
 
Idris
 
 
 
Nafisa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sajjad
 
'Ali al-Akbar
 
 
'Ali al-Asghar
 
 
Fatima
 
Sukayna
 
Ruqayya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Baqir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sadiq
 
'Abd Allah
 
Ibrahim
 
'Ubayd Allah
 
'Ali
 
Yahya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Kazim
 
Muhammad
 
Ali
 
Ishaq
 
Umm Farwa
 
'Abd Allah
 
Isma'il
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Rida
 
Ma'suama
 
Hamza
 
Ishaq
 
Ahmad
 
Ibrahim
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Jawad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Hadi
 
 
Musa
 
 
 
 
Fatima
 
 
 
Hakima
 
 
 
Amama
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari
 
 
Husayn
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Mahdi
 
 


Accompanying Imam al-Husayn (a)

After Imam al-Husayn (a) moved from Mecca to Kufa, 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far wrote a letter to Imam (a) and asked him to change his decision and returns. 'Abd Allah sent his letter to Imam (a) by his sons 'Awn and Muhammad. When 'Abd Allah found that Imam (a) was determined in his decision, advised his sons 'Awn and Muhammad to accompany Imam (a) and fight along with Imam (a).

His Martyrdom

On the Day of 'Ashura, after Muhammad was martyred, 'Awn went to the battlefield and made a battle cry as below: [Note 1]

According to Ibn Shahr Ashub, he killed 3 horsemen and 18 foot soldiers from the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd and finally was martyred by 'Abd Allah b. Qutba.

About him, in the Ziyarat of Nahiya (non-famous), it is mentioned, "Peace be upon 'Awn b. 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far, the flying in the paradise; the one, who was truthful in faith, a fighting peer, advising for the sake of the Merciful, the reciter of the twice-read verses and the Qur'an. May God curse his murderer, 'Abd Allah b. Qutba al-Nabhani." [Note 2]

See Also

Notes

  1. إن تنکِروني فأنا ابن جعفر/شهیدُ صدقٍ في الجنان أزهَر/یَطیرُ فیها بجناحٍ أخضَر/کَفی بهذا شرفاً فی المَحشَر
  2. السَّلَامُ عَلَی عَوْنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الطَّیارِ فِی الْجِنَانِ حَلِیفِ الْإِیمَانِ وَ مُنَازِلِ الْأَقْرَانِ النَّاصِحِ لِلرَّحْمَنِ التَّالِی لِلْمَثَانِی وَ الْقُرْآنِ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ قَاتِلَهُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ قُطْبَةَ النَّبْهَانِی

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