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'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Aqil

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Priority: b, Quality: a
Companion of Imam (a)
'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Aqil
Darih of Imam al-Husayn & the grave of martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Burial Place of most of the martyrs of the Battle of Karbala, near the holy grave of Imam al-Husayn (a) in his shrine
Full Name 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Aqil b. Abi Talib
Companion of Imam al-Husayn (a)
Lineage Banu Hashim
Wellknown Relatives Imam al-Husayn (a) (cousin), 'Aqil b. Abi Talib (father), Muslim b. 'Aqil (brother), Imam al-Hasan (a) (cousin), Imam 'Ali (a) (uncle)
Place(s) of Residence Medina
Death/Martyrdom 61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Battle of Karbala
Burial Place Karbala
Activities Participating in the event of Ashura

ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. ʿAqīl b. Abī Ṭālib (Arabic:عبدالرحمان بن عقیل بن ابي‌طالب) was a companion of Imam al-Husayn (a) and was martyred in Karbala on 'Ashura'. 'Abd al-Rahman was the son-in-law of Imam 'Ali (a) like Muslim b. 'Aqil and Ja'far b. 'Aqil[1]. His wife was called Khadija[2]. It has been reported that he was 35 when he was martyred.[3]

Lineage, Birth and Martyrdom

'Abd al-Rahman was the son of 'Aqil b. Abi Talib and according to a report from al-Tabari his mother was a salve woman.[4]

'Abd al-Rahman was the son-in-law of Imam 'Ali (a) like Muslim b. 'Aqil and Ja'far b. 'Aqil.[5]. His wife was called Khadija[6]. He was so tall that Lubab al-ansab narrated he was nicknamed as "the spear of 'Aqil family"[7].

There is very little information available about his birth and age. The author of Lubab al-ansab reported that he was 35 when he was martyred.[8]

Presence in Karbala

'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Aqil b. Abi Talib was a companion of Imam al-Husayn (a) and was martyred in Karbala on 'Ashura'[9]. al-Tabari narrated that he was martyred by 'Uthman b. Asir al-Juhani.[10] In another part of Tarikh al-umam wa l-muluk, Al-Tabari reported that 'Abd al-Rahman was attacked and martyred by 'Uthman b. Khalid b. Asir al-Juhani and Bishr b. Sawt al-Hamadani al-Qabidi[11].

al-Shaykh al-Mufid reported in al-Irshad that he was attacked and martyred by 'Uthman b. Khalid al-Hamdani.[12]

Also, the author of Akhbar al-tiwal narrated that 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Aqil was attacked and martyred by an arrow shot by 'Abd Allah b. 'Urwa al-Khath'ami.[13]

His Fight and Rajaz

According to Ibn Shahr Ashub in his book al-Manaqib, 'Abd al-Rahman entered the battlefield while he was reciting this rajaz[14]:

My father is 'Aqil, so know my position.

I am from Hashim and Banu Hashim are my brothers.

They are honest people and master of others. This is al-Husayn, steadfast and with solid beliefs.

He is the leader of the elderly and the young.

After that he killed 17 soldiers, he was martyred by 'Uthman b. Khalid al-Juhani.

Al-Ziyarah al-Nahiya and al-Ziyarah al-Rajabiyya

His name is mentioned in Ziyarah al-Nahiya al-Muqaddasa and al-Ziyarah al-Rajabiyya and his killer and 'Umar b. Khalid b. Asad al-Juhani]] –who shot 'Abd al-Rahman with an arrow- are cursed.[15]

Notes

  1. al-Mufid, Vol.2, P.125
  2. al-Baladhuri, Vol.2, P.328
  3. al-Bayhaqi, Vol.1, P.401
  4. al-Tabari, Vol.5, P.469
  5. al-Mufid, Vol.2, P.125
  6. al-Baladhuri, Vol.2, P.328
  7. al-Bayhaqi, Vol.1, P.260
  8. al-Bayhaqi, Vol.1, P.401
  9. al-Mufid, Vol.2, P.125
  10. al-Tabari, Vol.5, P.469
  11. al-Tabari, Vol.5, P.447
  12. al-Mufid, Vol.2, P.170
  13. Dinawari, P.257
  14. Ibn Shahr Ashub, Vol.4, P.105
  15. Muhammadi Reyshahri, PP.170-1

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from عبدالرحمان بن عقیل in Farsi Wikishia.
  • Al-Baladhuri, Ahmad b. Yahya. 1977. Ansab al-ashraf Ed. Muhammad Baqir Mahmudi. Beirut: Dar al-Ta'aruf.
  • Al-Bayhaqi, 'Ali b. Zayd. n.d. Lubab al-ansab.
  • Dinawari, Ibn Qutayba. n.d. Al-akhbar al-tiwal.
  • Ibn Shahr Ashub. 1379 sh. Manaqib al Abi Talib. Qom: 'Allama.
  • Muhammadi Reyshahri, Muhammad. 1388 sh. Danishname Imam al-Husayn (a)(Based on Qur'an and Hadith). Qom: Dar al-Hadith.
  • Al-Shaykh al-Mufid. 1413 AH. Al-Irshad. Qom: Kongere Shaykh Mufid.
  • Al-Tabari, Muhammad b. Jarir. 1967. Tarikh al-umam wa l-muluk Ed. Muhammad 'Abu l-Fadl Ibrahim. Beirut: Dar al-Turath.

See also