Dhāt ʿIrq (Arabic:ذات عرق) is a way station and miqat of hajj on the way from Mecca to Kufa. In the Event of Karbala, there was a conversation between Imam al-Husayn (a) and Bishr b. Ghalib in this place. The sariyya of Dhat 'Irq occurred there.
It is part of the area of 'Aqiq and the border between Najd and Tahama. It is located 92 kilometers northeast of Mecca. Dhat 'Irq is said to be the name of a mountain near Mecca. It is located between the Bustan Banu 'Amir and Ghumra.
Miqat of Hajj
Shiite faqihs take the area of 'Aqiq to be the miqat of Iraqis and people from the east. The area includes Maslakh, Ghumra, and Dhat 'Irq. Most of them take it permissible to perform ihram in any of these places. Some of them take it permissible in Dhat 'Irq only in cases of emergency.
Dhat 'Irq is the first station at which Imam al-Husayn (a) dwelled on his way from Mecca to Kufa. In the Event of Karbala, Imam al-Husayn (a) met Bishr b. Ghalib—from Banu Asad—at this station. Bishr briefed the Imam (a) about the situation of Kufa and asked him about the exegsis of the Qur'an, 17:71. According to al-Amali by al-Shaykh al-Saduq, the conversation occurred in al-Tha'labiyya.
According to Samawi in Ibsar al-'ayn, Muhammad and 'Awn, sons of 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far, delivered their father's letter from Mecca to Imam al-Husayn (a) in the area of 'Aqiq and joined him. But 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far and Yahya b. Sa'id, who had a safe conduct from 'Amr b. Sa'id (the governor of Medina), met Imam al-Husayn (a) in Dhat 'Irq. They returned when Imam al-Husayn (a) ignored their safe conduct and 'Abd Allah excused himself from accompanying the Imam (a).
- The material for writing this article has been mainly taken from ذات عرق in Farsi WikiShia.