'Udhayb al-Hijanat

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ʿUdhayb al-Hijānāt (Arabic: عُذَیبُ الهِجانات) is a travel station near Kufa. In the Event of Karbala, Imam al-Husayn (a) and his companions had a sojourn there on Dhu l-Hijja 28, 60/September 29, 680. In 'Udhayb al-Hijanat, four people from Kufa, including, and guided by, Tirimmah b. 'Adi, joined Imam al-Husayn (a). They delivered the news of Qays b. Mushir al-Saydawi's martyrdom and a report about the circumstances of Kufa to the Imam (a). It was in this same station where Tirimmah heard the news of the martyrdom of Imam al-Husayn (a) and his companions.

Location and the Reason for Appellation

'Udhayb refers to a lake near Pelusium in Egypt. It also refers to a place near Basra, to a station near Kufa in Iraq, and a place north of Medina.

'Udhayb al-Hijanat is located four miles from Qadisiyya and 32 miles from Mughitha on the way from Mecca to Kufa. This area belonged to Banu Tamim.

The word, “'Udhayb”, is a diminished form of “'adhb” which means tasty water. And the word, “Hijanat” is a plural form of “Hijan” meaning a noble and selected camel. This area was a pasture of Nu'man's camels and so it was known with these camels.

Events

Imam al-Husayn (a) and his companions had a sojourn in 'Udhayb al-Hijanat on Dhu l-Hijja 28, 60 (September 29, 680). In this station, the Imam (a) heard the news of Qays b. Musahhir's martyrdom. The road from 'Udhayb goes through Qadisiyya and al-Hira to Kufa. But Imam al-Husayn (a) went on towards Qasr Bani Muqatil in order not to go to Kufa.

In 'Udhayb al-Hijanat, Nafi' b. Hilal, Majma' b. 'Abd Allah al-'A'idhi, 'Amr b. Khalid al-Saydawi, and their guide, Tirimmah b. 'Adi joined Imam al-Husayn (a). Hurr b. Yazid al-Riyahi sought to arrest or return them, but the Imam (a) did not let him do so. They let the Imam (a) know about the circumstances of Kufa, the murder of Qays b. Musahhar, and the preparation of a huge army to combat the Imam (a). Majma' b. 'Abd Allah al-'A'idhi said:

The noblemen and prominent men of Kufa are against you because they are bribed. Other people have their hearts with you but their swords against you.

There was a dialogue between Imam al-Husayn (a) and Tirimmah in this station. Tirimmah offered some proposals to the Imam (a) which were rejected by him. It was in this same station or somewhere close to it where Tirimmah heard Sama'a b. Badr about Imam al-Husayn's (a) martyrdom.

According to Sayyid b. Tawus, it was in 'Udhayb al-Hijanat where Hurr received 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad's letter to the effect that more restrictions should be placed upon Imam al-Husayn (a). According to other historical sources, the letter was received by Hurr in Nineveh.

References