Ya la-Tharat al-Husayn
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Yā la-Thārāt al-Ḥusayn (Arabic: یا لَثارات الحُسَین) is a slogan for the vengeance of Imam al-Husayn (a). The slogan was first used in the Tawwabun Uprising led by Sulayman b. Surad al-Khuza'i, and then in Mukhtar's Uprising led by al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi. The slogan was used to indicate the onset of the uprising and to encourage the lovers of Ahl al-Bayt (a). In his battle with the Umayyads, Abu Muslim al-Khurasani used this slogan. According to some hadiths, this will also be the slogan of Imam al-Mahdi (a), some angels and his companions in End Time (Akhir al-Zaman).
"Ya la-Tharat al-Husayn" means: "O, the avengers of al-Husayn ('s blood)". The slogan was used in uprisings after Imam al-Husayn's (a) martyrdom that were intended to avenge for him. In contrast to this slogan, followers of Banu Umayya usually used the slogan: "Ya la-Tharat 'Uthman" (O' the avengers of the 'Uthman). The slogan was sometimes used for people other than Imam al-Husayn (a) as well. For example, Qarmatis used the slogan "Ya la-Tharat al-Husayn" to avenge for Husayn b. Zukruya.
The slogan, "Ya la-Tharat al-Husayn", was very influential in encouraging lovers of Ahl al-Bayt (a) to move against the Umayyad government. Pointing to this influence, Qurashi wrote: "this slogan caused a heat not only within the hearts of Shiites, but also those of any opponents of the Umayyad government." He held that the slogan contributed to the fall of the Umayyad government: "it was the outcry that smashed the Umayyad thrones and destroyed their power. When people heard the slogan, they left their families, saying goodbye to them and went to battlefields".
According to Abu l-Qasim Halat, after the Event of Ashura in 61/680, the phrase, "Ya la-Tharat al-Husayn", was put into political and religious use by Shiites and Iranians who rose against the caliphs. He believed that Qarmatis used the slogan because of its strong influence, although they used it for someone other than Imam al-Husayn (a).
Slogan of Tawwabun
- Main article: Tawwabun Uprising
The first uprising after Imam al-Husayn's (a) martyrdom that occurred in Kufa was the uprising of Tawwabun. They used the slogan, "Ya la-Tharat al-Husayn". The first people who used the slogan were Hakim b. Munqidh al-Kindi and Walid b. Ghudayn al-Kinani. The leader of this uprising, Sulayman b. Surad al-Khuza'i, and his companions sometimes visited Imam al-Husayn's (a) mausoleum and chanted the slogan, "Ya la-Tharat al-Husayn".
Slogan of Mukhtar's Uprising
- Main article: al-Mukhtar's Uprising
According to some sources, this slogan was used as an alarm in Mukhtar's Uprising. The first movement of Mukhtar's companions against 'Abd Allah b. Muti' in Kufa began with this slogan. When al-Mukhtar was wearing his armors, he ordered that people announce the start of the uprising by chanting "Ya la-Tharat al-Husayn" and "Ya Mansur Amit".
The slogan was frequently used in al-Mukhtar's Uprising. When the Khashabiyya army entered Mecca to save Banu Hashim, and particularly Muhammad b. Hanafiyya, they chanted the slogan, "Ya la-Tharat al-Husayn", while attacking advocates of 'Abd Allah b. Zubayr.
Also when 'Umar b. Sa'd was killed, people of Kufa chanted "Ya la-Tharat al-Husayn".
- See also: Ya Mansur Amit
'Abd Allah b. Humam al-Siluli's poem
In addition to using "Ya la-Tharat al-Husayn" as a slogan, companions of al-Mukhtar used it in their poems to make it more influential and to further encourage people. One poet of that period, 'Abd Allah b. Humam al-Siluli composed the following verses:
At that night, al-Mukhtar, the chivalric
Was anxious, and candles were disconcerted around that young man.
He called to "Ya la-Tharat al-Husayn"
And battalions from Hamadan and then Huzay' followed him.
Further uprisings and the Slogan
The slogan, "Ya la-Tharat al-Husayn", was not used in uprisings after al-Mukhtar's. After Imam al-Husayn's (a) martyrdom, Zayd and Yahya rose against the Umayyads, and Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, his brother, Ibrahim b. 'Abd Allah, known as Qatil Bakhamra, Husayn b. 'Ali, known as the martyr of Fakhkh, and others rose against the Abbasids, but in none of these uprisings was the slogan used to encourage people.
However, people of Khurasan used the slogan against the Umayyads.
Imam al-Mahdi's (a) Uprising
Al-Shaykh al-Saduq cited Imam al-Rida (a) as telling Rayan b. Shabib to cry for Imam al-Husayn, adding that companions of Imam al-Mahdi (a) will chant the slogan, "Ya la-Tharat al-Husayn". The hadith also refers to angels who have congregated on Imam al-Husayn's (a) resting place and will stay there until the Reappearance of Imam al-Mahdi (a), chanting "Ya la-Tharat al-Husayn".
- The material for this article is mainly taken from یا لثارات الحسین in Farsi Wikishia.