Abu Thumama al-Sa'idi

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Priority: b, Quality: b Without references
Companion of Imam (a)
Abu Thumama al-Sa'idi
Darih of Imam al-Husayn & the grave of martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Full Name 'Amr b. 'Abd Allah al-Sa'idi
Companion of Imam 'Ali (a), Imam al-Hasan (a), Imam al-Husayn (a)
Kunya Abu Thumama
Lineage Banu Sa'id
Place(s) of Residence Kufa
Death/Martyrdom 61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyrdom in event of 'Ashura'
Burial Place Holy shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a), Karbala, Iraq
Activities Participating in the battles of Jamal, Siffin, Nahrawan, battle of Imam al-Hasan (a) with Mu'awiyya

ʿAmr b. ʿAbd ʾAllāh b. Kaʿb (Arabic: عمرو بن عبدالله بن کعب) also known as ʾAbū Thumāma al-Ṣa'idī (Arabic: اَبوثُمامة الصائِدي) (or: ʾAbū Thumā'a al-Ṣā'idī, ʾAbū Thumā'a al-Ṣādī, ʾAbū Thumāma al-Ṣaydāwī), was a companion of Imam 'Ali (a) and accompanied him in all of the battles during his reign. He was one of the great horse riders of 'Arab and was a prominent Shi'a in Kufa. He joined Imam al-Husayn (a) on his way toward Kufa from Mecca and accompanied him in the battle of Karbala. On 'Ashura', at noon he mentioned that the noon prayer's time had come, and Imam al-Husayn (a) asked Allah blessing for him. He was martyred in Karbala on 'Ashura' (61/681).

Name and Lineage

Most of sources mentioned the name "'Amr" for him; but there are differences in other details -maybe some of these differences is because of the faults of the copyists- for example some brought his kunya is mentioned as Abu Tumama and his name as Ziyad and 'Umar and his surname as Sa'idi (Ṣāʿidī, صائدي), Ansari, Saydawi, Sa'idi (Ṣāʾidī, صاعدي). Banu Sa'id is one of the branches of Hamdan tribe. Some genealogy sources mentioned the complete name as: Ziyad b. 'Amr b. 'Arib b. Hanzala b. Daram b. 'Abd Allah al-Sa'idi

In the Uprising of Imam al-Husayn (a)

He was a companion of Imam 'Ali (a) and accompanied him in all of the battles during his reign. Then he become a companion of Imam al-Hasan (a) and accompanied him in his conflict with Mu'awiya. After that, he became a companion of Imam al-Husayn (a) and stayed in Kufa after Imam al-Husayn moved toward Medina.

After Mu'awiya's death, he was among the people who gathered in the house of Sulayman b. Surad al-Khuza'i to invite Imam al-Husayn (a) to Kufa and he sent a letter to Mecca to Imam al-Husayn (a).

He was one of the great horse riders of Arab and was a prominent Shi'a in Kufa. While Muslim b. 'Aqil was in Kufa, he raised people's charity, managed financial affairs and bought weapons, the field that he was expert in.

In the uprising of people of Kufa against 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad, Muslim b. 'Aqil assigned Abu Thumama as the commander of Tamim and Hamdan tribes.

'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad with the policy of bribe and scare of the heads of important tribes, spread out people from around Muslim b. 'Aqil and martyred him, after Muslim b. 'Aqil, 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad pursued Abu Thumama. He hid in his tribe for some days, then left Kufa along with Nafi' b. Hilal stealthily. He joined Imam al-Husayn (a) on his way from Mecca to Kufa and accompanied him to Karbala.

Some of his actions in the day of 'Ashura' is preventing Kathir b. 'Abd Allah al-Sha'bi, the herald of 'Umar b. Sa'd, to carry his weapon before Imam al-Husayn (a). And at noon, he mentioned that the noon prayer's time had come, and Imam al-Husayn (a) asked Allah blessing for him.

Martyrdom

The details of his fighting and martyrdom is not mentioned in many sources but according to al-Tabari, after the martyrdom of Hurr b. Yazid al-Riyahi, Abu Thumama continued fighting until he was martyred. It's obvious from his conversation with Imam al-Husayn (a), that he accepted the fighting and martyrdom with Imam al-Husayn (a), knowingly and willingly.

References