Yazid b. al-Harith al-Shaybani
|Yazid b. al-Harith al-Shaybani|
Perpetrator of the Event of Karbala
|Full Name||Yazid b. al-Harith b. Ruwaym al-Shaybani|
|Places of Residence||Kufa, al-Mada'in, Rey|
|Era||Ummayyad and Zubayrid era|
|Known for||Writing letter to Imam al-Husayn (a)|
|Notable roles||Governor of al-Mada'in and Rey|
|Activities||Writing letter to Imam al-Husayn (a), a commander of Umar Sa'd's army|
Yazīd b. al-Hārith b. Ruwaym al-Shaybānī (Arabic: يزيد بن الحارث بن رویم الشيباني) (b. ? - d. 68/687-8) was among those who wrote letter to Imam al-Husayn (a) and invited him to Kufa, but in the Event of Karbala, he was in the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd. Imam al-Husayn (a) addressed him as one of the writers of letters.
Name and Kunya
In different sources, his name has been mentioned as Yazid b. al-Harith, Yazid b. al-Harith b. Ruwaym, Yazid b. al-Harth b. Yazid b. Ruwaym, Yazid b. al-Harith b. Yazid b. Ruwaym, and Yazid b. al-Harith b. Yazid. He has also been called Ibn Ruwaym. Some sources have considered Yazid b. al-Harith and Yazid b. Ruwaym two different people.
The kunya of Yazid b. Harith was Abu Hawshab. His wife was called Umm Hawshab and Latifa. It is said that Umm Hawshab was a bondswoman who was gifted to Yazid b. al-Harith by Imam Ali (a).
In the Event of Karbala
Yazid b. al-Harith was among those who wrote letter to Imam al-Husayn (a) and invited him to Kufa. But, in Karbala he was sent by Ibn Ziyad with 1000 soldiers to join the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd. On the Day of 'Ashura he was in the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd and Imam al-Husayn (a) addressed him as one of the writers of letters.
After the Event of 'Ashura
After Yazid b. Mu'awiya died, Yazid b. al-Harith participated in the revolt of the people of Kufa against Ibn Ziyad. When 'Amr b. al-Hurayth called people of Kufa to give allegiance to 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad, Yazid b. al-Harith began to object. 'Amr ordered to imprison him, but Banu Bakr prevented it. He was one of the commanders Ibn Muti' against the Uprising of al-Mukhtar and directed the war in Murad neighborhood, After al-Mukhtar achieved victory, Yazid b. al-Harith joined Mus'ab b. al-Zubayr and was appointed by him as the governor of al-Mada'in. When 'Ubayd Allah b. al-Hurr al-Ju'fi attacked al-Mada'in, Mus'ab wrote him a letter to stand against 'Ubayd Allah. He sent his son, Hawshab, to the war with 'Ubayd Allah but he was defeated.
At the time of Mus'ab b. al-Zubayr, he was the governor of Rey and was killed with his wife by one of Khawarij in Firuzram village of Rey in 68/687-8. But, his son Hawshab escaped. Yaqut al-Hamawi has said that 'Abd al-Malik b. Marwan had appointed him as the governor of Rey.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from یزید بن حارث بن رویم شیبانی in Farsi WikiShia.