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Rushayd al-Hajari

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Companion of Imam (a)
Rushayd al-Hajari
Tomb of Rushayd al-Hajari.jpg
His tomb in al-Kifl, Iraq
Companion of Imam 'Ali (a), Imam al-Hasan (a), Imam al-Husayn (a), and Imam al-Sajjad (a)
Epithet Rushayd al-Balaya
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
By 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad
Burial Place Al-Kifl, Iraq
Activities Shurtat al-Khamis

Rushayd al-Hajarī (Arabic: رُشَيد الهَجَري), is one of the elite companions of Imam 'Ali (a) and Imam al-Hasan (a) who was a member of Shurtat al-Khamis. He was one of the closest people to Imam 'Ali (a) and received 'Ilm al-Balaya wa l-Manaya (the knowledge of calamities and (time of) deaths) from him.

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi mentioned his name among the companions of Imam al-Husayn (a) and Imam al-Sajjad (a). He was martyred by 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad (or his father) as Imam 'Ali (a) had foretold.

Surname

"Al-Hajari" means a person from Bahrain or a city in Yemen or a village near Medina.

His Companionship of Imams

Not much has been said about him in historical sources. He was a member of Shurtat al-Khamis and one of the closest and elite companions of Imam 'Ali (a). Al-Ya'qubi has counted him among the pupils of Imam 'Ali (a) and al-Shaykh al-Tusi listed him in the companions of Imam al-Hasan (a), Imam al-Husayn (a) and Imam al-Sajjad (a).

In Imams' Words

Imam 'Ali (a) named Him "Rushayd al-Balaya" (Rushayd of the calamities). Imam al-Kazim (a) said: "indeed Rushayd knew the [time of] calamities and events, and the [time of] lives and deaths."

Martyrdom

Imam 'Ali (s) had foretold the way he would be martyred. 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad ordered to cut his hands, legs, and tongue and then hang him. It is said that he had a daughter –named Qinwa- who has narrated the story of his father martyrdom.

Opposing many scholars -such as al-Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-Khoei- al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Amin named Ziyad b. Abih as the one who ordered his killing.

His tomb is located in Kifl, Iraq.

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from رشید هجری in Farsi Wikishia.