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Wahb b. Wahb

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Companion of Imam (a)
Wahb b. Wahb
Darih of Imam al-Husayn & the grave of martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Burial Place of most of the martyrs of the Battle of Karbala, near the holy grave of Imam al-Husayn (a) in his shrine
Companion of Imam al-Husayn (a)
Death/Martyrdom 61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial Place Holy Shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a), Karbala

Wahb b. Wahb (Arabic: وهب بن وهب) or Wahb b. 'Abd Allāh b. Ḥubāb al-Kalbi (Arabic: وهب بن عبدالله بن حباب الکلبي) was among the martyrs of the Event of Karbala and the companions of Imam al-Husayn (a). Historical sources have described Wahb, a young Christian man who became Muslim together with his mother by the guidance of Imam al-Husayn (a) and went to Karbala with Imam (a) and was martyred on the Day of 'Ashura.

He was among the ones whose names are mentioned in the list of the martyrs of Karbala in most sources. However, there are disagreements over his lineage and on referring to one or several individuals. Some writers believe that there did not exist a person called Wahb, and some sources only mentioned one person with this name in Karbala. However, more recent researches approved the existence of the mentioned Wahb as well as another person with a similar name (Wahb b. 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr).

Name and Lineage

Most sources have mentioned the name of Wahb among the martyrs of Karbala, but have mentioned different names or lineages for him, such as:

  • Wahb b. Wahb[1]
  • Wahb b. 'Abd Allah b. Hubab al-Kalbi[2]
  • Wahb b. Janah (Hubab) al-Kalbi[3]
  • Wahb b. 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr al-Kalbi[4]
  • Wahb b. 'Abd Allah al-Kalbi[5]
  • Wahb b. 'Abd Allah b. Janab al-Kalbi al-Khwarizmi[6]

Some writers considered the martyrs of Karbala who had the name of Wahb, two persons: Wahb b. Wahb and Wahb b. 'Abd Allah al-Kalbi.[7] However, some sources consider all the above-mentioned names, one person.[8]

Theory of Innovation and Mistake

Some sources considered all the above-mentioned names a result of innovation and mistake and believe that such a person did not basically exist in the Event of 'Ashura.[9] According to them, this person with all his different names was actually 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr al-Kalbi who was among the martyrs of Karbala and was considered among the old companions of Imam Ali (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a); and his name is mentioned in Ziyarah al-Shuhada' and al-Ziyarah al-Rajabiyya.[10]

More recent researches have accepted the similarity between the events related to Wahb and 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr, and do not consider the existence of the two people impossible and even consider it very likely with regards to the many differences in the events reported about them. The most important difference between the two is that sources introduced Wahb Christian who became Muslim by the guidance of Imam al-Husayn (a); while, they mentioned that 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr was among the old companions of Imam al-Husayn (a).[11]

Umm Wahb

Main article: Umm Wahb

Umm Wahb was the daughter of 'Abd from the family of Namir b. Qasit and the wife of 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr Kalbi was among the martyrs of the event of Karbala. Some sources considered her, the mother of Wahb b. Wahb;[12] however, studying different sources and comparing reports of the martyrs in the Event of 'Ashura show that mother of Wahb was another person and does not have any relation with Umm Wahb, daughter of 'Abd Allah.[13]

Fight and Martyrdom

According to historical sources, Wahb went to the battlefield after Burayr b. Khudayr,[14] or Ziyad b. Muhajir al-Kindi[15] and before 'Amr b. Khalid al-Azdi, or Muslim b. 'Awsaja al-Asadi,[16] or Hilal b. al-Hajjaj.[17] There are different reports about his fight. It is said that he returned to his mother and wife in the middle of the fight and asked his mother if she was satisfied with him? His mother answered that she would be satisfied with him when he is killed in the way of Imam al-Husayn (a)."[18] Also, there are reports about his conversation with his wife then.[19]

There are different reports about the way he was martyred[20] which are mixed with the reports about the martyrdom of 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr al-Kalbi; reports including that his wife also went to the battlefield, grasped his clothes and said that, "I would not return until I am killed with you", and Imam al-Husayn (a) returned her to the tent with the promise of receiving good rewards in the hereafter; so, she returned to other women.[21] It is said that Wahb killed twelve footsoldiers and nineteen horsemen of the army of Ibn Sa'd.[22] Then, he was taken captive and was beheaded by the order of 'Umar b. Sa'd. Then, they threw his head toward the army of Imam al-Husayn (a).[23]

In Media

The story of Wahb was shown in the 17th episode of Mukhtar-namih TV series in 22 minutes. In this episode, Hamid Mirbaqiri acted as Wahb. Mukhtar-nama was a TV series directed by Dawud Mirbaqiri and dealt with the life and uprising of al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi after the Event of 'Ashura. It was broadcasted from channel One of the IRIB in 2010.

Notes

  1. Ṣadūq, al-Amālī, p. 161.
  2. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 45, p. 16.
  3. Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Luhūf, p. 105.
  4. Ibn Aʿtham, al-Futūḥ, vol. 5, p. 104.
  5. Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib, vol. 4, p. 101.
  6. Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 15.
  7. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 45, p. 16; vol. 44, p. 320.
  8. Mūsawī Zanjānī, Wasīlat al-dārayn, p. 203.
  9. Maqtal-i jāmiʿ-i Sayyid al-shuhadāʾ, vol. 1, p. 76.
  10. Shūshtarī, Qāmūs al-rijāl, vol. 10, p. 448.
  11. Muḥammadī Riyshahrī, Dānishnāma-yi Imām Ḥusayn, vol. 6, p. 381.
  12. Shams al-Dīn, Yārān-i Ḥusayn (a), p. 112.
  13. Nāẓimzāda-yi Qummī, Aṣḥāb-i Imām Ḥusayn, p. 597.
  14. Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Luhūf, p. 105; Ibn Aʿtham, al-Futūḥ, vol. 5, p. 104; Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib, vol. 4, p. 101.
  15. Ṣadūq, al-Amālī, p. 161.
  16. Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Luhūf, p. 105.
  17. Ṣadūq, al-Amālī, p. 161.
  18. Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 16; Qummī, Nafas al-mahmūm, p. 258-259.
  19. Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 16.
  20. See: Ṣadūq, al-Amālī, p. 161; Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 16.
  21. Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Luhūf, p. 106.
  22. Qummī, Nafas al-mahmūm, p. 259.
  23. Ṣadūq, al-Amālī, p. 161; Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 15.

References

  • Ibn Aʿtham al-Kūfī, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Al-Futūḥ. Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwāʾ, 1411 AH.
  • Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib. Edited by Hāshim Rasūlī & Muḥammad Ḥusayn Āshtīyānī. Qom: Nashr-i ʿAllāma, [n.d].
  • Ibn Ṭāwūs, ʿAlī b. Mūsā. Al-Luhūf ʿalā qatlay al-ṭufūf. Translated to Farsi by Aḥmad Fahrī Zanjānī. Tehran: Intishārāt-i Jahān, 1353 Sh.
  • Khwārizmī, Muwaffaq b. Aḥmad al-. Maqtal al-Ḥusayn. Edited by Muḥammad al-Samāwī. Qom: Anwār al-Hudā, 1423 AH.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. Edited by Muḥammad Bāqir Maḥmūdī et.al. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1403 AH.
  • Pīshwāyī, Mahdī. Maqtal-i jāmiʿ-i Sayyid al-shuhadāʾ. Qom: Muʾassisa-yi Imām Khomeini, 1389 Sh.
  • Muḥammadī Riyshahrī, Muḥammad. Dānishnāma-yi Imām Ḥusayn. Translated to Farsi by ʿAbd al-Hādī Masʿūdī. Qom: Dār al-Ḥadīth, 1388 Sh.
  • Nāẓimzāda-yi Qummī, Sayyid Aṣghar. Aṣḥāb-i Imām Ḥusayn az Medina ta Karbala. Qom: Būstān-i Kitāb, 1390 Sh.
  • Qummī, Shaykh ʿAbbās. Nafas al-mahmūm. Qom: Maktabat al-Ḥaydar, 1379 Sh.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Al-Amālī. Translated to Farsi by Muḥammad Bāqir Kamariī. Tehran: Kitābchī, 1376 Sh.
  • Shams al-Dīn, Muḥammad Mahdī. Yārān-i Ḥusayn (a). Translated to Farsi by Muḥammad Bāqir Maʿmūrī. [n.p]: Intishārāt-i Kalamat al-Ḥaqq, 1385 Sh.
  • Shūshtarī, Muḥammad Taqī al-. Qāmūs al-rijāl. Qom: Daftar-i Intishārāt-i Islāmī, 1422 AH.