Wahb b. Wahb
|Wahb b. Wahb|
|Companion of||Imam al-Husayn (a)|
|Cause ofDeath/Martyrdom||Martyred in the Battle of Karbala|
|Burial Place||Holy Shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a), Karbala|
Wahb b. Wahb or Wahb b. 'Abd Allāh b. Ḥubāb al-Kalbi (Arabic: وهب بن عبدالله بن حباب الکلبي) was among the martyrs of the Event of Karbala and the companions of Imam al-Husayn (a). Historical sources have described Wahb, a young Christian man who became Muslim together with his mother by the guidance of Imam al-Husayn (a) and went to Karbala with Imam (a) and was martyred on the Day of 'Ashura.
He was among the ones whose names are mentioned in the list of the martyrs of Karbala in most sources. However, there are disagreements over his lineage and on referring to one or several individuals. Some writers believe that there did not exist a person called Wahb; and some sources, only mentioned one person with this name in Karbala. However, more recent researches approved the existence of the mentioned Wahb as well as another person with a similar name (Wahb b. 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr).
Disagreements over His Name and Lineage
Most sources have mentioned the name of Wahb among the martyrs of Karbala, but have mentioned different names or lineages for him, such as:
- Wahb b. Wahb
- Wahb b. 'Abd Allah b. Hubab al-Kalbi
- Wahb b. Janah (Hubab) al-Kalbi
- Wahb b. 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr al-Kalbi
- Wahb b. 'Abd Allah al-Kalbi
- Wahb b. 'Abd Allah b. Janab al-Kalbi al-Khwarazmi
Some writers considered the martyrs of Karbala who had the name of Wahb, two persons: Wahb b. Wahb and Wahb b. 'Abd Allah al-Kalbi.
However, some sources consider all the above-mentioned names, one person.
Theory of Innovation and Mistake
Some sources considered all the above-mentioned names a result of innovation and mistake and believe that such a person did not basically exist in the Event of 'Ashura. According to them, this person with all his different names was actually 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr al-Kalbi who was among the martyrs of Karbala and was considered among the old companions of Imam Ali (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a); and his name is mentioned in Ziyarah al-Shuhada' and al-Ziyarah al-Rajabiyya.
More recent researches have accepted the similarity between the events related with Wahb and 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr, and do not consider the existence of the two people impossible and even consider it very likely with regards to the many differences in the events reported about them. The most important difference between the two is that sources introduced Wahb Christian who became Muslim by the guidance of Imam al-Husayn (a); while, they mentioned that 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr was among the old companions of Imam al-Husayn (a).
- Main article: Umm Wahb
Umm Wahb was daughter of 'Abd from the family of Namir b. Qasit and the wife of 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr Kalbi was among the martyrs of the event of Karbala. Some sources considered her, the mother of Wahb b. Wahb; however, studying different sources and comparing reports of the martyrs in the Event of 'Ashura show that mother of Wahb was another person and does not have any relation with Umm Wahb, daughter of 'Abd Allah.
Fight and Martyrdom
According to historical sources, Wahb went to the battlefield after Burayr b. Khudayr, or Ziyad b. Muhajir al-Kindi and before 'Amr b. Khalid al-Azdi, or Muslim b. 'Awsaja al-Asadi, or Hilal b. Hajjaj. There are different reports about his fight. It is said that he returned to his mother and wife in the middle of the fight and asked his mother if she was satisfied with him? His mother answered that she would be satisfied of him when he is killed in the way of Imam al-Husayn (a)." Also, there are reports about his conversation with his wife then.
There are different reports about the way he was martyred which are mixed with the reports about the martyrdom of 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr al-Kalbi; reports including that his wife also went to the battlefield, grasped his clothes and said that, "I would not return until I am killed with you", and Imam al-Husayn (a) returned her to the tent with the promise of receiving good rewards in the hereafter; so, she returned to other women. It is said that Wahb killed twelve foot soldiers and nineteen horsemen of the army of Ibn Sa'd. Then, he was taken captive and was beheaded by the order of 'Umar b. Sa'd. Then, they threw his head toward the army of Imam al-Husayn (a).
The story of Wahb was shown in 17th episode of Mukhtar-namih TV series in 22 minutes. In this episode, Hamid Mirbaqiri acted as Wahb. Mukhtar-namih was a TV series directed by Dawud Mirbaqiri and dealt with the life and uprising of al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi after the Event of 'Ashura. It was broadcasted from channel One of the IRIB in 2010.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from وهب بن وهب in Farsi WikiShia.