Ṣalāt al-Ṭawāf (Arabic: صلاة الطواف, tawaf prayer) is an obligatory action in hajj and 'umra. This prayer has two rak'as just like the morning prayer, and it should be said after the tawaf behind Maqam Ibrahim. The difference between the prayer of tawaf al-ziyarah and prayer of tawaf al-nisa' is merely in the intention.
How to Perform
The intention to say this prayer is relevant to tawaf: after the tawaf al-ziyarah, one should intend to say prayers of tawaf al-ziyarah, and after tawaf al-nisa', one should intend to say prayers of tawaf al-nisa'; and the same for recommended tawafs. There should not be a long interval between the tawaf and its prayers.
The prayer of obligatory tawafs should be said near and behind Maqam Ibrahim (that is to place such that Maqam Ibrahim is between the person and Ka'ba), without intruding tawafs of other pilgrims. So if it is not possible to say the prayer near Maqam Ibrahim the pilgrim can recede to where it is possible to say the prayers, but the prayer should still be behind Maqam Ibrahim.
There are different fatwas with respect to people who perform tawaf on the second floor (due to an excuse), but can nonetheless say their prayer in the courtyard of Masjid al-Haram behind Maqam Ibrahim.
The mustahab (or recommended) tawaf prayer can be said anywhere in al-Masjid al-Haram.
- Maḥmūdī, Manāsik-i Ḥaj, Issue 790.
- Maḥmūdī, Manāsik-i Ḥaj, Issue 796.
- Maḥmūdī, Manāsik-i Ḥaj, Issue 800.
- Maḥmūdī, Muḥammad Riḍā. Manāsik-i Ḥaj muṭābiq-i fatāwā-yi Imām Khomeini wa Marājiʿ-i muʿaẓẓam-i taqlīd. Fourth edition. Tehran: Nashr-i Mashʿar, 1387 Sh.