|This section is a general introduction to the rulings of a fiqhi topic.|
Wajib: Daily prayers • Essentials of Prayer • Friday prayer • Eid prayer • al-Ayat prayer • Funeral Prayer
Maghrib prayer (Arabic: صلاة المغرب) is among daily prayers and has three rak'as, the time for performing which, is after adhan for maghrib prayer until there is enough time left to perform 'Isha prayer before shar'i midnight.
Maghrib prayer has three rak'as, on the first rak'a of which after mentioning the intention and saying takbirat al-ihram, Sura al-Fatiha and another sura (not having an obligatory sajda) usually Sura al-Ikhlas is recited and then one ruku' and two sajdas are performed. Then, the person stands up for the second rak'a and continues by reciting Sura al-Fatiha and another sura and performing ruku' and sajda.
At the end, tashahhud and salam are recited.
The time for performing maghrib prayer begins when after sunset, the redness in the eastern sky is gone. This is the beginning of the "special time" for performing maghrib prayer and lasts for the period of the time enough for performing one three-raka' prayer. After it, the "common time" for maghrib and 'isha prayers begins. One can perform maghrib prayer in the common time as well. The "special time" for 'isha prayer is the time enough for performing a one four-rak'a prayer before shar'i midnight.
Nafila of Maghrib Prayer
- Main article: Nafila of daily prayers
Nafila of maghrib prayer has four rak'as and is recommended to be performed after maghrib prayer. Its time is until after sunset, the redness in the western sky is gone.
If someone performs 'isha prayer before maghrib prayer in the common time, and notices this after the prayer is over, his prayer is correct and should perform maghrib prayer.
If a traveler, who should perform 'isha prayer in short form (Qasr), unintentionally performs 'isha prayer in the special time for maghrib prayer, he would better observe recommended caution and perform 'isha prayer after maghrib prayer again.
If someone unintentionally begins 'isha prayer before maghrib prayer, if one has not begun the fourth rak'a, one needs to change his intention to maghrib prayer and finish the prayer.
Men should recite Sura al-Fatiha and the other sura in loudly. Women are allowed to recite Sura al-Fatiha and the other sura either loudly or quietly; but, if a non-mahram person hears their voice, it is an obligatory caution for them to recite those suras quietly.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from نماز مغرب in Farsi WikiShia.