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Maghrib prayer (Arabic: صلاة المغرب) is among daily prayers and has 3 rak'as, the time for performing which, is after adhan for maghrib prayer until there is time enough for performing 'isha prayer left before midnight.
Description of Maghrib Prayer
Maghrib prayer is 3 rak'as, on the first rak'a of which after mentioning the intention and saying takbirat al-ihram, Sura al-Fatiha and another sura (not having an obligatory sajda) usually Sura al-Ikhlas is recited and then one ruku' and two sajdas are performed. Then, the person stands up for the second rak'a and continues by reciting Sura al-Fatiha and another sura and performing ruku' and sajda.
At the end, tashahhud and salam are recited.
Time of Maghrib Prayer
The time for performing maghrib prayer begins when after sun sets, the redness in the east of sky is gone. This is the beginning of the "special time" for performing maghrib prayer and lasts for the period of the time enough for performing one three-raka' prayer. After it, the "common time" for maghrib and 'isha prayers begins. One can perform maghrib prayer in the common time as well. The "special time" for 'isha prayer is the time enough for performing a one four-rak'a prayer before midnight.
Nafila of Maghrib Prayer
Nafila of maghrib prayer has four rak'as and recommended to be performed after maghrib prayer and its time is until after sun sets, the redness in the west of sky is gone.
Some of the `Rulings about Maghrib Prayer
If someone performs 'isha prayer before maghrib prayer in the common time, and notices that after prayer, his prayer is correct and should perform maghrib prayer.
If a traveler who should perform 'isha prayer in short form (Qasr), unintentionally performs 'isha prayer in the special time for maghrib prayer, he would better observe this recommended caution that he performs 'isha prayer after maghrib prayer again.
If someone unintentionally begins 'isha prayer before maghrib prayer, if he has not begun the fourth rak'a, he needs to change his intention to maghrib prayer and finishes the prayer.
Men should recite Sura al-Fatiha and the other sura in a voiced manner. Women are allowed to recite Sura al-Fatiha and the other sura either in voiced or voiceless manner; but, if a non-mahram person hears their voice, it is an obligatory caution for them to recite those suras in a voiceless manner.