Priority: b, Quality: b

Salat al-Fajr

From WikiShia
(Redirected from Morning prayer)
Jump to: navigation, search

Ṣalāt al-Fajr (Arabic: صلاة الفجر, morning prayer) is one of the compulsory daily prayers. It consists of two rak'as, that is performed between the rise of fajr and the sunrise.

Time

See also: Fajr

Fajr prayer is a wajib prayer, that is two rak'as and is performed between the rise of fajr and the sunrise.[1] The most meritorious time for performing fajr prayer begins from al-fajr al-sadiq (true dawn) and ends by the appearance of a redness on the eastern sky.[2] Like other daily prayers, salat al-fajr has nafila, which is two rak'as, performed before salat al-fajr. The time for nafilat al-fajr begins from al-fajr al-kadhib (false dawn) and ends when as much as praying two rak'as have remained to the appearance of the redness on the eastern sky.[3]

Importance

The Qur'an says that salat al-fajr is witnessed by angels: "Maintain the prayer from the sun's decline till the darkness of the night, and [observe particularly] the dawn recital. Indeed, the dawn recital is attended [by angels]".[4] Explaining this verse, many hadiths mention that salat al-fajr is witnessed by the day angels as well as the night angels.[5] Prophet Muhammad (s) is quoted as saying: "Among the prayers, fajr prayer has this characteristic that the angels of night and the angels of day observe it; as fajr prayer, if performed in its early time, is at the time when the angels of night switch with the angels of day [thus] both groups of angels will be witness to that".[6]

Rulings

It is compulsory for men to perform the qira'a (recitation) of salat al-fajr in jahr (loudly).[7] While women are allowed to recite that in jahr or ikhfat (quietly), if a non-mahram hear their voice, they must recite it quietly which is according to compulsory precaution .[8]

Notes

  1. Yazdī, al-ʿUrwa al-wuthqā, vol. 1, p. 517.
  2. Khomeini, Taḥrīr al-wasīla, vol. 1, p. 154.
  3. Khomeini, Taḥrīr al-wasīla, vol. 1, p. 154.
  4. Qur'an, 17: 78.
  5. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa, vol. 4, p. 15; Ṣadūq, Thawāb al-aʿmal, p. 74.
  6. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa, vol. 4, p. 15.
  7. Ḥakīm, Mustamsak al-ʿUrwa al-wuthqā, vol. 6, p. 198.
  8. Khomeini, Tawḍīḥ al-masāʾil, Issue 994.

References

  • Ḥakīm, Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Mustamsak al-ʿUrwa al-wuthqā. Qom: Maktabat Āyatollāh Marʿashī al-Najafī. 1404 AH.
  • Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa. Qom: Muʾassisat Āl al-Bayt li-Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth, [n.d].
  • Khomeini, Rūḥullāh. Tarjuma-yi Taḥrīr al-wasīla. Tehran: Tanẓīm wa Nashr-i Āthār-i Imām Khomeini, 1385 Sh.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Thawāb al-aʿmal wa ʿiqāb al-aʿmāl. Qom: Nasīm-i Kawthar, 1381 Sh.
  • Yazdī, Muḥammad Kāẓim al-. Al-ʿUrwa al-wuthqā. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, [n.d].