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'Abd Allah b. 'Aqil

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Priority: c, Quality: b
Companion of Imam (a)
'Abd Allah b. 'Aqil
Darih of Imam al-Husayn & the grave of martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Burial Place of most of the Martyrs of Karbala, near the holy grave of Imam al-Husayn (a) in his shrine
Companion of Imam al-Husayn (a)
Kunya Abu Sa'id
Lineage Banu Hashim
Wellknown Relatives 'Aqil (father), Muslim b. 'Aqil, Ja'far b. 'Aqil (brother)
Place of Birth Medina
Place(s) of Residence Medina
Death/Martyrdom 61/680 (Day of 'Ashura)
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial Place Holy Shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a), Karbala

ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAqīl b. Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: عبدالله بن عقیل بن أبي طالب) (d. 61/680) was a member of Banu Hashim who was martyred in the Battle of Karbala. His title was ʿAbd Allāh al-Akbar (عبدالله الأکبر). The name of 'Abd Allah b. 'Aqil as a Martyr of the Battle of Karbala is stated in Ziyarah al-Shuhada, Ansab al-ashraf by al-Baladhuri, Tarikh al-Tabari, Maqatil al-talibiyyin, Muruj al-dhahab, Maqtal al-Husayn by al-Khwarazmi, and Manaqib al Abi Talib.

Lineage

'Aqil had two children named 'Abd Allah: 'Abd Allah al-Akbar (the older) and 'Abd Allah al-Asghar (the younger).[1] Some sources stated that both of his sons were martyred in the Battle of Karbala.[2] The name of his mother is stated Umm al-Banin al-Kilabiyya, and some stated as Umm Anis.[3] Some sources stated that Abu Sa'id was the kunya of 'Abd Allah as they regarded him the father of Muhammad b. Abi Sa'id b. 'Aqil who was martyred in the Battle of Karbala.[4] However, according to genealogy books, 'Aqil had a son other than 'Abd Allah called Abu Sa'id.[5]

'Abd Allah married Maymuna the daughter of Ali b. Abi Talib (a).[6]

The name of 'Abd Allah b. 'Aqil is mentioned among the Martyrs of the Battle of Karbala in Ziyarah al-Shuhada, Ansab al-Ashraf by al-Baladhuri, Tarikh al-Tabari, Maqatil al-talibi'in, Murawwij al-dhahab, Maqtal al-Husayn by al-Kharizmi and Manaqib al Abi Talib and so on.[7]

Martyrdom

It is said 'Abd Allah b. Khalid al-Juhani from Hamdan tribe was probably the murderer of 'Abd Allah b. 'Aqil.[8] However according to another source 'Amr b. Subayh al-Saydawi (or Sada'i) was the murderer of 'Abd Allah in the battle of Karbala.[9]

Based on a research by Muhammad Mahdi Shams al-Din in his book Ansar al-Husayn, Abu 'Abd Allah b. Muslim b. 'Aqil in Ziyarah Shuhada is actually 'Abd Allah b. 'Aqil.[10]

Notes

  1. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-Ashrāf, vol. 2, p. 69.
  2. Pazhūhishī pīrāmūn-i shuhadā-yi Karbalā, p. 224-225.
  3. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-Ashrāf, vol. 2, p. 70.
  4. Sharīf Kāshānī, Tadhkirat al-Shuhadāʾ, vol. 1, p. 154.
  5. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-Ashrāf, vol. 2, p. 70.
  6. ʿAlawī, al-Majdī fī ansāb al-ṭālibīyyīn, vol. 1, p. 18.
  7. Abū l-Faraj al-Iṣfahānī, Maqātil al-Ṭālibīyyīn, vol. 1, p. 97; Masʿūdī, Murūj al-dhahab, vol. 3, p. 62; Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib, vol. 3, p. 254; Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 53; Balādhurī, Ansāb al-Ashrāf, vol. 3, p. 224; Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 5, p. 447.
  8. Abū l-Faraj al-Iṣfahānī, Maqātil al-Ṭālibīyyīn, vol. 1, p. 97.
  9. Shams al-Dīn, Anṣār al-Ḥusayn, p. 150; Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 5, p. 447.
  10. Shams al-Dīn, Anṣār al-Ḥusayn, p. 150.

References

  • Pazhūhishī pīrāmūn-i shuhadā-yi Karbalā. Qom: Yāqūt, 1381Sh.
  • Abū l-Faraj al-Iṣfahānī, ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn. Maqātil al-Ṭālibīyyīn. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1419AH.
  • ʿAlawī al-ʿUmarī, ʿAlī b. Muḥammad al-. Al-Majdī fī ansāb al-ṭālibīyyīn. Edited by Aḥmad al-Mahdawī al-Dāmighānī. Qom: Maktibat Āyat Allāh al-ʿUẓmā al-Marʿashī al-Najafī, 1409AH.
  • Balādhurī, Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā al-. Ansāb al-Ashrāf. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1397AH.
  • Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib. Edited by: Yūsuf Baqāʿī. Beirut: Dār al-Awḍāʾ, 1412AH.
  • Khwārizmī, al-Muwaffaq b. Aḥmad. Maqtal al-Ḥusayn. Edited by Muḥammad al-Samāwī. Qom: Dār Anwār al-Hudā.
  • Masʿūdī, ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn al-. Murūj al-dhahab wa mʿādin al-jawhar. Qom: Dār al-Hijra, 1409AH.
  • Shams al-Dīn, Muḥammad Mahdī. Anṣār al-Ḥusayn. Translated by Hūshang Ujāqī. Tehran: Nashr Āfāq, 1406AH.
  • Sharīf Kāshānī, Mullā Ḥabīb Allah. Tadhkirat al-Shuhadāʾ. Edited by Muḥammad Sharīf, 1308AH.
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-. Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk. Beirut: Rawāʾiʿ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī.
  • Zubayrī, al-Muṣʿab b. ʿAbd Allāh al-. Kitāb nasab Quraysh. Edited by Évariste Lévi-Provençal. Cairo: Dār al-Mʿārif.