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Nasr b. Muzahim

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Nasr b. Muzahim
Full Name Abu l-Fadl Nasr b. Muzahim b. Sayyar (Yasar) 'Attar al-Minqari
Religious Affiliation Shi'a
Lineage Banu Minqar
Birth ?
Place of Birth Kufa
Place of Residence Baghdad
Death 212/827
Known for Shi'a Historian and Hadith Transmitter
Professors Abu l-Jarud, Sufyan Suri, Shu'bat b. Hajjaj, Habib b. Hassan, Abd al-'Aziz b. Siyah, Yazid b. Ibrahim al-Shushtari
Students Abu l-Salt al-Hirawi, Husayn b. Nasr, Nuh b. Habib al-Qumisi, Abu Sa'id Ashja', 'Ali b. Mundhir al-Tariqi
Works Waq'at Siffin, al-Jamal, al-Gharat, Maqtal Hijr b. 'Adi and Maqtal Husayn b. Ali (a)
Activities Participation in the Uprising of Abu l-Saraya

Abu l-Faḍl Naṣr b. Muzāḥim b. Sayyār (Yasār) 'Aṭṭār al-Minqari (Arabic: نَصْر بن مُزاحم بن سَیّار (یسار) عَطّار المنقري) was among Shi'a historians living in Iraq in 2nd century AH. Regarding the order of transmitters of hadiths, some considered him in the same order as of Abu Mikhnaf; and al-Shaykh al-Tusi mentioned him among the companions of Imam al-Baqir (a). Historians and biographers disagree about the credit of Nasr b. Muzahim, seemingly because of the school he followed. Toward the last years of his life, he participated in the uprising of Abu l-Saraya against Abbasids and Abu l-Saraya trusted him with the responsibility of the market. Some of his works are Waq'at Siffin, al-Jamal, al-Gharat, Maqtal Hijr b. 'Adi and Maqtal Husayn b. Ali (a).

Life

The date of his birth is not mentioned in historical sources, but it is said that he was born in Kufa and then moved to Baghdad. His lineage reached "Banu Minqar b. 'Ubayd b. Harith b. 'Amr b. Ka'b b. Sa'd b. Zayd Manat b. Tamim".

Nasr b. Muzahim spend most of his life in Baghdad. At that time, Baghdad was a newly developed city, but since it was the capital and center of caliphate, it had attracted many famous scientific figures. In Tarikh Baghdad, Khatib Baghdadi mentioned Nasr b. Muzahim among scientific figures of Baghdad. Nasr b. Muzahim passed away in 212/827.

Occupation

About Nasr, Ibn Nadim wrote, "he was from Banu Minqar clan and was a herbalist." Abu l-Faraj al-Isfahani too said, "Abu l-Saraya" trusted the market to Nasr b. Muzahim."

Order of the Transmitters of Hadith

Some considered him in the same order of Abu Mikhnaf. It suggests that he was among old people, because as Ibn Hajar mentioned in Lisan al-Mizan, Abu Mikhnaf Lut b. Yahya passed away in 170/786 and it is possible that Nasr was born around 120/738.

al-Shaykh al-Tusi considered him among the companions of Imam al-Baqir (a) but it disagrees with the date he passed away which was 212/827.

Religion, Reliability and Credit

Historians and biographers disagree about the credit of Nasr b. Muzahim, seemingly because of the school he followed. Most Sunni scholars of Rijal considered him weak [and unreliable] regarding transmission of hadith. About him, 'Uqayli said, "Nasr b. Muzahim is Shi'a and the hadiths he has transmitted and his reports are disturbed, because they seem to have conflicts with each other." Khatib Baghdadi considered him a Ghali (exaggerator) Shi'a who transmitted hadiths from weak transmitters of hadith and his reports were unreliable.

Among Sunni sources, Ibn Habban considers him among reliable and trustworthy figures. Also, about him, Ibn Abi l-Hadid said,

"Nasr b. Muzahim is a reliable and trustworthy person. He did not say anything out of vain desire or delusion and is among transmitters of hadiths."

al-Najashi and 'Allama al-Hilli, among great Shi'a scholars of rijal praised him by calling him "mustaqim al-tariqa" (on the right way) and "sālih al-amr" (having righteous deed).

Muhammad Taqi Shushtari considered him among common people, but close to Imamiyya and preferred to mention him Zaydi due to his participation in the uprising of Abu l-Saraya.

Participation in the Uprising of Abu l-Saraya

Based on the report of Abu l-Faraj, Nasr, toward the end of his life (200/816), participated in the uprising of Abu l-Saraya, who was an 'Alids, against Abbasids and then Abu l-Saraya trusted him with the responsibility of the market. Abu l-Faraj reported this uprising in a book he titled as Akhbar Muhammad b. Ibrahim and Abu l-Saraya.

Professors

In Baghdad, he benefited from the classes of many teachers including:

Students

Husayn b. Nasr, Nuh b. Habib al-Qumisi, Abu l-Salt al-Hirawi, Abu Sa'id Ashja', 'Ali b. Mundhir Tariqi and some other Kufi figures.

Works

It is said that he knew history and had several works which are:

  • Waq'at Siffin
  • Al-Jamal
  • al-Gharat
  • Maqtal Hijr b. 'Adi
  • Maqtal Husayn b. Ali (a)
  • 'Ayn al-warda
  • Akhbar al-Mukhtar
  • Al-Manaqib
  • Akhbar Muhammad b. Ibrahim and Abu l-Saraya

References