Rumaysa' bt. Milhan
|Rumaysa' bt. Milhan|
|Full Name||Rumaysa' bt. Milhan b. Khalid b. Zayd|
|Well-Known Relatives||Anas b. Malik (son), Abu Talha (husband)|
|Place(s) of Residence||Medina|
|Presence at Ghazwas||UhudKhaybarHunayn|
Rumayṣāʾ bt. Milḥān b. Khālid b. Zayd (Arabic: رُمَیصاء بنت مِلحان بن خالد بن زید) was a female companion of Prophet Muhammad (s) and one of the first people of Yathrib (and Ansar) who converted to Islam in Medina.
She accompanied the Prophet (s) in many battles, such as the battles of Khaybar and Hunayn and took care of the injured in the Battle of Uhud. Rumaysa' was highly respected by the Prophet (s) such that the he (s) frequently went to her house, and once he personally settled her dispute with her husband, Abu Talha.
Names and Lineage
Rumaysa' is also mentioned as Ghumaysa', Sahla, Rumayla, Anifa, and Rumaytha. Her kunya was Umm Sulaym with which she was mostly known. She was from Ansar and from the Khazraj tribe. Her mother, Mulayka bt. Malik b. 'Adiy, was from the Banu Najjar tribe.
Before the emergence of Islam, Rumaysa' married Malik b. Nadr and gave birth to Anas. After the introduction of Islam in Medina, Rumaysa' was one of the first Ansar who converted to Islam and encouraged her son, Anas, to convert to Islam. Malik b. Nadr was so upset about his wife and son converting to Islam that he left to Syria and died there.
After Malik’s death, Rumaysa' did not get married again until Anas grew up into an adult. After that, Abu Talha proposed for marriage. She accepted the proposal on the condition that he convert to Islam and abandon the worship of idols. Abu Talha converted to Islam and they gave birth to Abu 'Umayr and 'Abd Allah.
Presence in the Battles
When the Prophet (s) entered Medina, Rumaysa' welcomed him and assigned her 10-year old son, Anas, with the task of serving the Prophet (s).
Rumaysa' was present in many of the Prophet's (s) ghazwas or battles. In the Battle of Uhud, she carried a waterskin to supply water to the injured and took care of them. She also carried a dagger with her to defend herself in cases of emergency.
In 7/628, al-Muqawqis, the king of Alexandria, sent gifts, including two bondwomen, to the Prophet (s) in response to his call to Islam. the Prophet (s) left the gifts with Rumaysa' for a while.
In the Battle of Hunayn (8/630), Rumaysa' asked the Prophet (s) to kill people who fled the battlefield, just like the polytheists. Although men were escaping the battlefield, she stayed in the field and held a dagger to defend herself, despite the fact that she was pregnant with her son, 'Abd Allah b. Abi Talha.
After the Prophet's (s) Demise
There is not much information about Rumaysa'’s life after the Prophet's (s) demise. Ibn Shahrashub cited a hadith according to which Rumaysa' saw red rains coming from the sky after the martyrdom of Imam al-Husayn (a).
Her Place with the Prophet (s)
According to Anas b. Malik, the Prophet (s) frequently went to Rumaysa'’s house and said mustahab prayers there and prayed for her and her family.
When the Prophet (s) was in the house of Rumaysa' and Abu Talha to have a meal, by divine blessings, he and his companions were fed with a little food.
Once there was a dispute between Rumaysa' and her husband, Abu Talha. Rumaysa' expressed her complaints to the Prophet (s) and he settled the dispute in person.
Narration of Hadiths
Rumaysa' counts as a narrator of hadiths and a wise and knowledgeable woman.
Aisha, Umm Salama, and Anas b. Malik narrated hadiths from her.
- The material for writing this article is mainly taken from رمیصاء بنت ملحان in Farsi WikiShia.