|Companion of||Since Imam Ali (a) up to Imam al-Rida (a)|
|Epithet||Sahibat al-Hasah (bearers of pebble)|
Ḥabāba al-Wālibīyya (Arabic: حَبابَة الوالِبيّة) (d.184/800) was a Shi'a woman transmitter of hadiths transmitting hadiths since the time of Imam Ali (a) until the time of Imam al-Rida (a) and to her, some miracles of Imams (a) took place.
She was one the three women called Sahibat al-Hasah (bearers of pebble). According to a report, she asked Imam Ali (a) to give her a sign of Imamate. Imam (a) asked her to give him a small stone and then he (a) stamped it with his ring and its mark was embossed on the stone. Then, Imam (a) told her, "If a person claims to be an Imam and is capable of doing so, he is an Imam obedience of whom is obligatory." Hababa passed away at the time of Imam al-Rida (a) and he (a) gave his clothes for shrouding her and prayed upon her body.
Lineage, Epithet and Teknonym
She was the daughter of Ja'far, from Waliba, a branch of Banu Asad tribe and thus was called Walibiyya Asadiyya. Her teknonym was Umm al-Nada. Her name has also been wrongly recorded as Habbaba. Hababa is also called Sahibat al-Hasah (bearer of pebble). But, two other women named Umm Ghanim and Umm Aslam have stories similar to that of Hababa and thus all the three are called Sahibat al-Hisah (bearers of pebble).
A Woman Transmitter of Hadith
Ibn Makula considered her a transmitter of Imam Ali's (a) hadiths and Ibn Babawayh mentioned a hadith in jurisprudence transmitted by her from Imam (a) in Man la yahduruh al-faqih. Shi'a scholars of rijal have included her name or her teknonym among the transmitters of hadiths from Imam al-Hasan (a) up to Imam al-Baqir (a).
Asking Imam Ali (a) for a Sign
According to a hadith in al-Kafi, she asked Imam Ali (a) to give her a sign of Imamate. Imam (a) asked her to give him a small stone and he stamped it with his ring and its mark was embossed on the stone. Then, Imam Ali (a) explained, "If a person claims to be an Imam and is capable of doing so, he is an Imam obedience of whom is obligatory."
Hababa took the stone to each of the Imams after Imam Ali (a) up to Imam al-Rida (a) and they (a) all stamped it. This is mentioned in other sources with the same chain of transmission and text.
Miracles Associated with Hababa
In Shi'a sources, there are mentions of Hababa Walibiyya usually under the discussion on proving the Imamate or mentioning the miracles of Pure Imams (a), including the following mentions:
- Curing her leprosy by Imam al-Husayn (a)
- Becoming young again at the age of 113 by Imam al-Sajjad (a) by pointing at her
- The hairs of her head becoming black by the supplication of Imam al-Baqir (a)
Hababa lived since the time of Imam Ali (a) until the time of Imam al-Rida (a) and passed away nine months after meeting Imam al-Rida (a). After the demise of Hababa Walibiyya, Imam al-Rida (a) gave his clothes for shrouding her and prayed upon her body. In al-Ghayba, Shaykh Tusi mentioned her age 230 years.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from حبابه والبیه in Farsi WikiShia.